Changes in blood counts
Cancers occur when genetic changes in the new cells formed after division. These cells are formed in the body almost daily, but the immune system immediately recognizes them and neutralize. If the body due to a weakened immune system "missed" the formation of cells with damaged genetic code, it begins to divide and form similar to the atypical cells.
There comes a time when the immune system recognizes foreign cells and begins to fight them, but to neutralize cancer immunity is not under force. During the growing confrontation between the immune system and cancer start to change the blood counts, increasing the number of leukocytes. This phenomenon is observed in inflammatory diseases, it is due to the fact that leukocytes are cells that protect the body from anything foreign. When dealing with tumors their number increases above 12*10 in 9 degrees / l.
Cancer processes lead to changes in the blood level of hemoglobin, it decreases dramatically. The rate of hemoglobin 120-160 g/l, in malignant tumors indicator does not exceed 80 g/l, running processes reduce the hemoglobin concentration to 40 g/L.
Cancer lead to an increase of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Normal ESR in women up to 15 mm/h, the men to 10 mm/h, with cancer figures soar, there may be 30-50 mm/h. This figure varies because of the protective reaction of the organism in the blood changes the balance of proteins, so the separation of blood into plasma and red blood cells occurs much faster.
Cancer of the hematopoietic system
With the development of leukemia (popular name – leukemia), there is a sharp variation of the platelet count. The number of these blood cells is reduced because they are formed from the bone marrow, which is when the leukemia cannot function properly. The level of platelets in the blood is reduced to 20*10 in 9 degrees per liter and below.
In General, the analysis in the development of leukemia appear modified myeloid cells are large atypical cells, which are not observed in healthy human blood. In the development of cancer of the hematopoietic system in the General analysis of blood leukocyte formula changes - a growing number of immature eosinophils, and basophils decreases the number of neutrophils. These changes occur because the immune system tries to cope with the emerging disease, but there is only a failure in the production of fractions of leukocytes.
Advice 2 : How to identify blood cancer
Cancer of the blood, in other words, leukemia or leukaemia is equally common in all age groups. He spared neither elderly nor young, nor babies. This disease is most afraid of its inconspicuous beginning, and when there are clinical symptoms, leukemia is already in an advanced stage. When leukemia tumor cells affect the bone marrow and with a current of blood spread to the liver, spleen, lymph nodes and Central nervous system. Timely diagnosis increases the chances of a full recovery.
Notice any alarming symptoms that concern you. Often leukemia in the early stages masquerades as other diseases. Increased weakness and fatigue are often blamed on vitamin deficiency, susceptibility to infections - poor immunity, and meanwhile, the availability of these ailments is an indication for consultation of a hematologist and additional examinations.
Hand over the General analysis of blood at least once a year. This simple study is the primary and most accessible method of diagnosis of leukemia. All patients in the detected result of anemia, and most of them have the level of hemoglobin is below the level of 100 g/l. Three quarters of cases have thrombocytopenia, i.e. a low platelet count. And, of course, an important indicator is the number of white blood cells called leukocytes. In the early stages of the disease their number is often in the normal range, but over time there is a significant increase in their numbers. Despite the fact that their number sometimes reaches tens and hundreds of thousands, they are pathological and do not protect the body from infections. Therefore, the need to sound the alarm if you become sick more often than usual.
Do not refuse additional tests, if a physician has even the faintest suspicion of a serious disease. Bone marrow biopsy is very painful. But it allows to discover a large number of blast cells in the bone marrow and to determine the type of leukemia. Lumbar puncture in which there is a collection of cerebrospinal fluid, allows to detect CNS leukemia, i.e. lesion neoplastic cells of the Central nervous system.
Advice 3 : How to recognize Oncology
Often cancers are detected in advanced stage when the chances of recovery are very small. When patients begin to remember the last months before diagnosis, they realize that the alarming symptoms had very much, but they did not give them values. Universal method that can detect any type of tumor does not exist, but it is possible to detect the cancer, if not to ignore warning signs.
Not less frequently than once a year, donate blood for analysis. It is available to all the study allows to determine malignant disease of the hematopoietic system. In addition, changes in individual indicators in the analysis may alert the physician and prompt to the appointment of additional examination. There are specific tests that can detect in a sample of blood tumor markers — substances that appear in the body in the development of a particular type of cancer. However, there are dozens of different tumor markers and tumor types, and therefore these studies are not used for primary diagnosis: inspect the body at all impossible, for obvious reasons.
Women need twice a year to visit the gynecologist. During the examination the doctor can detect any changes that indicate the beginning of a pathological process. It is also recommended to do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, it is possible to detect cancer at an early stage. To detect breast cancer should be to undergo annual mammography, however, with preventive purpose, the study is only women older than 40 years.
Once a year do an abdominal ultrasound. It can be used to detect even small tumors that still do not manifest themselves. In addition, the doctor can be alerted enlarged lymph nodes, which in some cases can indicate cancer.
The appearance of the swelling without apparent reason, consult your oncologist. Especially should alert painless education. If the lump was caused due to trauma or inflammation, but it is not for a long time, this is also the reason for urgent specialist advice.
Monitor your moles. If one of them begins to grow, change color, ulcerate, bleed, itch, immediately contact your oncologist. Such changes are a sign of malignancy.
To detect the tumor in the head is possible only by CT or MRI. However, these studies were not carried out prophylactically. So watch out for his health. When poor coordination, the emergence of a strong persistent headaches, recurring hunger vomiting (occurring in the morning on an empty stomach) contact your doctor and get tested.