Mortality from cancer ranks second after cardiovascular diseases. More than 6 million people annually are diagnosed with this disease. The main characteristic of malignant tumors is the loss of cells ability to differentiate, disruption of the structure of tissues. Malignant tumor cells “aggressive” spread by the bloodstream throughout the body, with subsequent formation of new tumor foci. Tumors are both malignant and benign. There are many varieties of cancer such as mouth cancer, lung cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, thyroid cancer, throat cancer etc In the modern world a large number of factors contribute to the process of carcinogenesis, such as:
- Chemical carcinogens (metals, plastics);
- Biological factors;
- Genetic factors;
- The environmental factors.
Cancer symptoms depend mainly on location of the tumor, from the growth and presence of metastases. Features:
- To identify cancer can change the skin in a limited area, in the burgeoning swelling. Swelling sometimes ulcerate, exposing deep ulcers, which are insensitive to the treatment.
- A sudden change in voice, difficulty in swallowing, passage of food through the esophagus, cough, pain in the chest.
Also define cancer by the following signs: decreased appetite, a sudden, groundless weakness, severe weight loss, fever, anemia, seal mammary gland (in women), bloody nipple discharge, difficulty urinating. Bleeding from the bladder – expressing cancer. Modern technologies allow for timely treatment to the doctor, carrying out a thorough analysis and medical history to identify cancer in the early stages, where it is still treatable.
For the detection of tumors now apply all the available diagnostic methods: physical examination, radiography, computed tomography, lumbar puncture, biopsy, endoscopy. Therefore, at the slightest manifestation of any of these symptoms, do not delay, you need to go to the doctors and get tested.