Fecal-oral (feces - mouth) way is the most common method of transmission. It is proved that the pathogen can be detected in the feces of the sick person. Fecal-oral transmission is being implemented due to lack of observance of rules of personal hygiene. If the patient or carrier of Helicobacter pylori did not wash my hands after using the toilet, it is able to directly infect a healthy person or infect the food. In bad treatment plumbing is also possible the spread of infection. It is therefore often flash gelikobakterioza can be found in a circle of the same family or other close group of people.
Get infected even while kissing (oral-oral or mouth-mouth transmission). Helicobacter in the small number detected in saliva and in dental plaque ill person or asymptomatic carrier of the infection. Upon contact with the vomit of the source of infection is also quite likely transmission of Helicobacter pylori.
Household way of infection gelikobakterioza also has to be implemented very often. If you use the same utensils together with the sick, poorly treated of Cutlery or one toothbrush could spread infection. In the same way an infected mother can accidentally infect their own child, licking his nipple or a spoon. Very often the infection occurs in establishments of public catering in the poor personal hygiene of personnel and the use of reusable utensils. In children's institutions (kindergartens and schools) is very often implemented household way of infection.
Until recently, infected with Helicobacter pylori could be in the medical institutions during gastrofibroscopy (examination of the stomach and duodenum with the help of a special device) or intubation of the stomach. Currently, the endoscopes and probes are handled carefully and contamination is unlikely. Likely high risk of infection when using poorly handled spatulas (for inspection of the throat) and dental instruments.
Not until the end of proven airborne route of infection. However, it is possible that by close contact, through coughing particles of saliva of a patient with gelikobakterioza can get into the oral cavity of a healthy person and cause infection. Considering all the way of infection, infection of all mankind is about 80%.
Advice 2: How is the Helicobacter pylori
Helicobacter pylori is an infection of bacterial origin, affecting the mucous membrane on the inner surface of the stomach. By itself, the bacterium almost never manifests his presence in the human body, but can cause quite serious complications.
As the Helicobacter pylori enter the stomach, remains a mystery for doctors, since so far there has not been any major study to accurately track the time of the destruction of the body by bacteria. But the most obvious of all of the versions says that the infection is oral, that is, people, without knowing it, simply eats the bacteria yourself opening them the way to your stomach.
The pathogen, called "Helicobacter pylori", bacterium represents a mark the size of three thousandths of a millimeter. Those little guys can move, they do it by means of threadlike appendages - one likes the legs. They dwell in the depths of the mucous membrane of the stomach, because only there they get to hide from the corrosive acids contained in the gastric juice. At the same time, these bacteria provoke enhanced secretion of gastric juice by the formation of the enzyme urease is special varieties of protein. An increased level of acidity in the stomach contributes to the emergence of foci of chronic inflammation including the formation of ulcers.
In addition, the urease can break down chemically neutral urea at a fairly aggressive ammonia and carbon dioxide. This property allowed scientists to discover a hitherto unknown bacterium, in advanced cases, the amount of ammonia becomes so large that it is impossible to find even in exhaled human air.
Doctors suggest that most often the bacteria enter the body by direct "mouth-to-mouth" contact, such as kissing, or when the mother chews solid food before giving it to your child. Suspects the number 2 are considered to be contaminated with causative agents of water and food. There is also the possibility of transfer of bacteria to humans from Pets. In countries with low standards of hygiene Helicobacter can spread the fecal-oral route, when contaminated waste human body water are consumed without undergoing the necessary treatment.
To fully protect themselves from attack by bacteria while that is not possible. Some effective vaccination against Helicobacter pylori also does not exist. But there is good news. It consists in the fact that the disease responds well to treatment, and therefore is not a sentence. Therefore, in the case of suspected infection of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori must undergo appropriate examination, and if the diagnosis be confirmed, to drink a course of antibiotics to clear the stomach from the presence of unwanted colonists.