Enterococci are able to live in oxygen environment and in the absence of oxygen, so they are pretty popular. Best for them is the temperature of the 37-39оС. Enterococci are able to persist long in the environment, resistant to disinfectants, survive well as heating and boiling. These microorganisms are part of normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract, play an important role in shaping the intestinal immune system. Basically, they live in the region of the small intestine, although quite a significant part of them is present in the colon.
Enterococci are also found in the region of the urethra, genitals, mucous membranes of the mouth. Clinical studies have shown that the human body contains mainly the Enterococcus faecium. All other types can be introduced from the outside and dangerous in terms of health. Under certain adverse conditions they can become pathogens of various diseases: infections of the urinary and genital tract, intra-abdominal infections, lesions of the pelvic organs, complications of wound healing processes, lesions of the myocardium with the formation of endocarditis.
Pathogenic species (e.g., fecal enterococci) are transmitted contact-household path: from dirty hands, contaminated personal belongings, food, water. Often, these microorganisms are identified in the fecal microflora (the analysis on a dysbacteriosis). Sexually transmitted infections (in the standard sense of the term) Enterococcus is not transmitted. It is more correct to talk about its making in a sexual way while ignoring basic hygiene principles in the case of consistent change of variations of sex.
Infection of the urinary organs is also due to the ingress of intestinal contents due to poor hygiene. By ascending pathogens are able to penetrate into the bladder or kidney and cause the development of pyelonephritis, cystitis, prostatitis, urethritis. The main culprit for infecting the urinary system is the fecal enterococci. Such infections are treated with antibiotics urotropine.
Sometimes patients present as asymptomatic bacteriuria (the presence of germs in the urine without symptoms of infection). Especially important is the presence of enterococci in the urine of children and pregnant women because their immune system is down. A small number of enterococci (0.1%) may be present in the normal microflora of the vagina. Above normal in the smear indicates the violation of personal hygiene and can be accompanied by the development of vaginitis vulvitis, especially in young girls.
Advice 2: How to treat enterococci
Enterococci is a group of representatives of normal human microflora. They reside in the gastrointestinal tract, sometimes in the urogenital organs and the mouth. In the excessive multiplication of these bacteria arise inflammatory diseases of the urinary and digestive systems, the inner lining of heart (endocarditis) and other dangerous conditions.
You will need
- - intesti-bacteriophage liquid;
- pills ampicillin;
- - drugs from the group of antifungals;
- - probiotiki.
To cure enterococci by using bacteriophage. It infects bacteria and causes their death. The bacteriophage used in the treatment entrococci infections, called "Intesti-bacteriophage liquid. Take it an hour before meals 1-2 teaspoon 4 times a day. A bacteriophage can treat children of any age. To three years of age give half a teaspoon, and a newborn the same amount of dilute a teaspoon of boiled water. The reception frequency bacteriophage for children same as for adults. The course lasts 5-6 days. If healing does not come, but there is a positive trend, bacteriophage take another 2-3 days.
Enterococci also can be cured with antibiotics. Take the pill ampicillin, one (250 mg) 4 times a day for half an hour before eating, squeezed small amounts of water. Children with body weight under 20 kg the drug is prescribed rate of 12,5-25 mg per kilogram of weight. If the child's weight more than 20 kg, assigned 50-100 mg/kg. this dose divided into 4 doses and give the child every 6 hours. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the disease, it can range from 5 days to several weeks.
If treatment with ampicillin proved ineffective, consult your doctor. He will prescribe you a stronger medication that will be administered intramuscularly or intravenously.
During antibiotic treatment take antifungal drugs. Antibiotics work on all bacteria in the body, including those that protect him from infection fungal infections. Therefore, for maintenance, take any drug from the group of antifungals: fluconazole, Itraconazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine or natamycin.
After a course of antibiotics to restore normal gut flora. Take probiotics: triact, Bifidumbacterin, Linex, Bifiform. Treatment should last at least 2 weeks.