Advice 1: What is fraught with additional trabecula

Additional trabeculae - linear structure of the tendon in the cavity of the heart, not associated with valvular apparatus. Such education relate to small anomalies of heart development.
What is fraught with additional trabecula
Additional trabeculae have virtually no effect on hemodynamics and do not impair the well-being of the patient. Often the only manifestation of this anomaly of the connective tissue is a systolic murmur auscultation of the heart. Most doctors are inclined to consider additional trabeculae is a normal variant. However, in some cases, this anomaly could contribute to the development of arrhythmias.

Additional trabeculae of the left ventricle


In the left ventricle of the heart for more trabeculae illness is often. Such structures occur every seventh person in the world. On localization distinguish transverse, diagonal, longitudinal trabeculae of the left ventricle. If the attachment points of the cord are in the same division of the ventricle, trabeculae is considered to be transversal, if the adjacent - diagonal, with the passage of trabeculae from top to bottom is longitudinal.

Transverse trabeculae can affect the heart rhythm. Sometimes fix the syndrome of premature ventricular excitation syndrome (wolf-Parkinson-white syndrome or shortened PQ interval) associated with the presence of such anomalies. Diagonal and longitudinal trabeculae do not violate the function of the heart muscle.

Additional trabeculae of the right atrium of the heart


Additional connective tissue strands in the right atrium are rare. The share of this anomaly is less than one-tenth of all cases of small violations of the development of the heart. Additional trabecula in the right atrium increases the risk of developing arrhythmia. This is due to a change in the movement of blood flow and irritation of the sinus node and pacemaker areas of the atrium. Violations heart rhythm, in this case presented with tachycardia and extrasystoles.

The prognosis for additional trabecular


Additional trabeculae in the majority of cases are accidental diagnostic findings. Such an abnormal structure is not considered a defect of the heart, as it does not lead to failure of the myocardial function. Patients with additional trabeculae observed at the place of residence and periodically undergo instrumental examination. When the complaints perform echocardiography, daily monitoring of an electrocardiogram.

The prognosis of patients with additional trabeculae favorable in the absence of life-threatening arrhythmias.

Advice 2: What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle

Degeneration is malnutrition of the body, which can lead to failure and even death. Degeneration of the left ventricle is not an independent disease is one of the symptoms or complications of any other disease. What can cause degeneration of the left ventricle?
What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle

Symptoms of degeneration of the left ventricle



Dystrophy is a reduction or thinning of the wall of the left ventricle. Therefore, the deterioration occurs throughout the body.

Quite often, patients experience weakness and fatigue. There are often disruptions of the heart in arrhythmia.

In the patient's blood may decrease hemoglobin and anemia.

Pain and discomfort in the region of the heart accompany almost every patient.

Perhaps the development of shortness of breath when walking or exercising. Reduces health.

In severe cases, edema of lower limbs, frequent attacks of palpitation and reduction in blood pressure.

What is the consequence of degeneration of the left ventricle


The development of dystrophy of the myocardium leads to disruption in the functioning of other organs and systems in the body. This suggests that this pathology leads to various diseases of one or more organs.

Without treatment and proper diet and rest, may develop a state close to heart failure.

Degeneration of the left ventricle during physical overexertion can lead to hemorrhage and necrosis in the heart muscle. It may be manifested by bradycardia and hypotension. In untrained people, strong load dystrophy of the myocardium, can lead to toxic his defeat. Dystrophy of the myocardium, thus leads to coronary insufficiency with foci of necrosis in the muscular layer of the left ventricle.

With malnutrition, such as with fasting or cachexia, degeneration may lead to atrophy of the cardiac fibers. When this occurs violation protein, electrolyte and vitamin metabolism. After a time in the blood increased nitrogenous waste products, ammonia, and bile acids.

Degeneration of the left ventricle in diabetes may be complicated by acidosis.

The toxic effect on the myocardium in hyperthyroidism leads to an overload and so weakened and thinned ventricle. This increases the amount of cardiac output and increased blood pressure. Complicated by dystrophy may atrial fibrillation, systolic murmur and development dilatatia heart. If you do not carry out treatment during this period, develops circulatory insufficiency.

Prevention and treatment


At the first signs or unpleasant sensations in the heart area, consult a doctor.

Important in the treatment of a pathological condition is the diet and treatment of comorbidities.

Advice 3: What is the consequence of a brain injury?

Cerebral contusion is one of the many severe injuries in which arise various disorders of brain activity.
What is the consequence of a brain injury?



Of course, the condition of the victim depends on the severity of the injury, as well as the individual characteristics of the human body. As a rule, loss of consciousness occurs at a certain period of time (from several minutes to several weeks). You should also pay attention to the area that was brain contusion. In some cases, the injury is localized in the opposite side, that is due to the counterweight of impact in the injury.

In any case, do not leave the victim, who received a bruise of a brain, without care and treatment, as the consequences can be quite serious, sometimes incompatible with life. For example, there may be circulatory disorders, a substantial increase in pressure of the cerebrospinal substance, brain swelling, subarachnoid hemorrhage and others.

There are several varieties of brain injury. First of all, they klassificeret on severity. Mild is caused by a brief loss of consciousness, partial and short-term memory loss (amnesia), vomiting, high blood pressure. As a rule, such patients are required to provide rest with the appropriate treatment, and after a few weeks, the body completely recovers its function. If you fix a brain injury in a child of average degree, he can remain unconscious for several hours. This increases body temperature, violated some of the functions of the body. Very often, brain injury is accompanied by fracture of the cranial bones. Severe degree leads to the fact that the patient falls into a coma, and the brain disables a number of functions. In this case, you need medical supervision of experts and timely assistance.

Monitor the condition of the victim, who received a bruise of a brain. Symptoms: loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting, disturbed coordination of movements, impaired speech, hearing and vision, dilated pupils, decreased heart rate, increased blood pressure, slight or severe bleeding from the nose and ears, numbness of the limbs, etc.

Of course, the injured person needs to be hospitalized immediately, but it should be done by specialists. It should be noted that transportation is carried out in a certain position if unconscious (sideways head). Be sure to check the respiratory function, to eliminate the possibility of oxygen starvation of the brain.

High risk of trauma to the brain affects young children due to active activities. Please note that in some cases the child after a trauma may feel well and continue to play, but after this condition can rapidly deteriorate. It is advisable when the injury show the victim the doctor to exclude the possibility of negative consequences. As a rule, diagnosis of brain injury is carried out by several specialists (neurologist, traumatologist, neurosurgeon). Next, you must pass tests and receive kompleksnoe examination. These procedures include x-rays, neurosonography, computer and magnetic resonance tomography, electroencephalography of the brain, lumbar puncture and others. After you restore the basic body functions of the patient may be discharged from the medical institution, subject to the fulfilment of recommendations of the house.


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