The human papilloma virus is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. It can be transmitted and the use of personal care products, household utensils of the patient. Currently, according to the international medical statistics in the world every second person can be infected with HPV. The human papilloma virus enters the body for the following reasons: frequent change of partners, early sexual activity, deficiencies, lowered immunity, stress, violation of the microflora of the genital organs, sex with a partner who had contact with a woman with cervical cancer, a woman is a carrier of HPV. People with minimum stress, are at risk because they have weakened immune systems. The incubation period of the disease can last from 1 month. up to several years.
Genital warts usually begin to manifest in the area of the genitals, mucous membranes. They look like warty formations, growths, having a Nude or pink color. Their size can vary from 1 mm to 2 cm, Warts may grow, in this case it will look like cauliflower. These formations on the skin can cause itching, burning and bleeding. Warts are diagnosed on physical examination. In men, the growths appear on the head of the penis, the frenulum, the crown of the head. In women affects the small and large labia, cervix, urethra. When warts are encouraged to take the test for sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, trichomoniasis, ureaplasmosis etc.), because, once in the body, the virus exacerbates existing illness, and complicates their course. In men, genital warts can trigger the development of a precancerous state.
Usually warts are benign growths, however in some cases they can be transformed into carcinoma. Independently warts may not disappear, they should be removed regardless of the localization, shape and sizes. Only in these cases the doctors can guarantee the prevention of cancer. Warts are removed using laser methods of cryodestruction, electrocoagulation. Cryosurgery involves burning the growths with liquid nitrogen, it requires no anesthesia, after the procedure the skin is almost no trace remains. Electrocoagulation is the removal of warts high-frequency current. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, the skin can develop scars. Removal of warts by laser is faster, the procedure requires anesthesia, may cause scarring.