When moles are a threat
The usual brown spots and protrusions on the skin can turn into sinister melanoma if you overdo it with the tan as that from the sun and artificial tanning. This is because the ultraviolet rays act on the tissues of the body and aggressively, damaging cells and creates a favourable environment for the development of cancer. You should also watch for moles that are in areas of high friction: under women's Breasts and in the groin.
The five notes of self-examination
Wrong mole, which can degenerate into cancer, reveals five signs that the original letters are conventionally referred to as ABCDE or Russian word accord. The first of these is asymmetry. Looking at the nevus and if it is difficult to "reach" eyes, you should look in the mirror or take a picture of the problem area through its Central point you need to mentally draw a line. If the picture is on both sides of the symmetrical, all right. The tabs will likely mean an uneven growth.
The second note is a contour – a mole should have a smooth rounded edges. Rugged perimeter – an alarming sign, which should encourage a man to a premature visit to the dermatologist. A bad sign is also uneven coloring. Normal mole is brown, not necessarily one of tone, but the transitions between colors should be clear. The appearance of droplets of contrast that is different from the rest of the colors: black, gray, white, red is a pronounced deviation.
The fourth note is the size, and as individual moles, and their combination. Bad if one of them has a diameter greater than 0.6 cm, and as far from ideal, if the body of a scattering of small spots, as the probability of conversion of one of them increases.
The final symptom is any dynamics: change the size, color, texture, the appearance of blood. If before the nevus was for a long time, "frozen", and now it became noticeable change is a reason to seek medical attention.
Dermatoscopy is a test of the surface of human skin on the probability of degeneration of its individual sections. She holds a doctor using the medical instrument, resembling a magnifying glass, but with much higher magnification and the scale of fixing the sizes and variations. The survey goes directly to the office of a specialist, and if indicated, the doctor will prescribe additional tests, and may make an order to remove mole.
Advice 2: How and where to check moles for cancer
Usually, moles (nevi) are harmless, and even for the summer. But sometimes a harmless nevus is reborn in cancer. Therefore moles periodically, you need to inspect. Noticed a suspicious, in your opinion, changes? Don't be lazy, check your doubts at the doctor. Basic care will help to identify potentially dangerous or already degenerated pigmented lesion.
What symptoms should cause concern?
So, start inspecting their moles. Use the process of elimination of the major signs of the degeneration of nevi. If you don't find them, then there is no reason to worry. And if you see any symptoms, it is best to check moles for cancer.
Do not put yourself diagnosed and do not panic. The presence of such signs is not a sentence but just a guess. The diagnosis should be put only specialist.
Usually moles with the years grow and grow. It is quite normal. Abnormal – when the increase occurs very quickly: a few millimeters for a few months.
Has a value and form moles. Mentally divide it into two halves – they should be symmetrical. When symmetry-breaking is also possible to assume the degeneration of a nevus.
Pay attention to the borders of the mole. She is healthy, if its shape is smooth. Curves, jagged edges – a signal of possible trouble.
On intensity of colour, some moles are lighter, others darker and that's okay too. But take a look: monochrome if the color within each nevus? If there are any inclusions of a different color or a lightening birthmarks? In norm it should not be.
Finally, there are obvious signs of trouble. If the mole is very swollen. Either she itches and itches. If flushed and bleeding. Or you experience pain in the nevus.
Touch the mole. Usually the pain is not a symptom of degeneration, as a consequence of infection or trauma. And those moles need to be uninstalled.
Whom to contact?
You can go to a dermatologist. He will either dispel your doubts, or direct in a cancer Institute or hospital for further diagnosis.
You can just refer to an oncologist or dermatologist, who specializiruetsya on cancers of the skin. It will examine the suspicious mole using a Dermatoscope, might make scraping it for the analysis of cell malignancy and give you a conclusion.
Malignant nevi, of course, be deleted unconditionally. But upon the slightest suspicion of problematic moles that can degenerate (and maybe not), oncologists recommend also to remove them. Agree and don't even hesitate – better safe than sorry!
But it should be done there, in the Oncology clinic. Today, many beauty salons that offer mole removal. But the beautician is not a specialist in the field of Oncology, with rare exceptions, a worker with the diploma nurses.
Often dangerous moles should be removed not laser, as is usually done in beauty salons, surgically or by irradiation. Laser surgery certainly has its advantages, but after it, the frequent recurrence of tumors.
Also don't try to bring the mole yourself, using the recipes of traditional medicine. Burning questionable nevus celandine or acid, can speed up the process of his rebirth.