Advice 1: As the gynecologist checks

Before visit to the gynecologist woman is very shy and fear, because you will have to strip naked and lie down in a very uncomfortable chair. Therefore, they prefer to delay the visit to gynecologist to the last. It is important to attend the inspection at regular intervals, to ensure that women's health is under control.
As the gynecologist checks
For the very first time, a physician should visit at the age of 14 years. That is, prior to sexual activity. A pelvic exam will consist not only in taking a smear for the detection of various infections. The doctor should check how well puberty happens and there are no deviations. But if you are still a virgin, don't worry, you just draw the line at the ultrasound.
First the gynecologist will hold a conversation with you, during which learns of the purpose of the visit, on complaints, number of pregnancies, the nature of menstruation. In the chair you may be a little uncomfortable. The doctor will feel the female organs for signs of inflammation.
No need to hesitate of the doctor, he's just trying to help you and does its job. Before inspection you will need to remove your underwear and spread her legs. Be sure to make sure that under your buttocks you put the disposable cloth.
Often in regular antenatal clinics require you to bring a sheet or cloth. Also if you do not wish to have the inspection was carried out with the help of metal tools, can be purchased in a drugstore plastic gynecologic mirror.
If you already live a sexual life, your doctor may take a swab. During the inspection need to relax so it doesn't hurt. The gynecologist will check you special gynecological mirror. This may bring you some discomfort.
A rectal examination is performed not as frequently as a vaginal examination. Usually this method is used during the inspection gynecologist virgins. Thus the doctor determines the state special partition that separates the anus and vagina. Looks if there are any tumors in the anus.
He also needs to check the chest. This stage doctors often leave for last. By probing and visual examination, the doctor checks that there are no tumors in the mammary glands. However, this examination is better to leave mammologist.
One should not visit a gynecologist during menstruation, because of this, the doctor will be able to conduct a competent inspection. Usually in such cases is a repeat visit to the gynecologist after a month.
A week before examination should abandon the use of vaginal plugs. Remember, if you find a doctor incompetent and rude, you certainly can refuse it. Do not be afraid of gynecologists and constantly postpone the examination on the last day.

Advice 2: What and how checks gynecologist

Prophylactic a woman should visit the gynecologist at least once a year in the absence of any complaints. This will help to identify pathology that may not manifest any symptoms. As required, visits to the gynecologist can be more often.
What and how checks gynecologist

Preparing for the inspection

Before visiting of the gynecologist shower or bathe, put on fresh linen. You should not douche to the vaginal flora remained in "everyday" condition. The day before the visit to the gynecologist eliminate unprotected sex, because the vagina will remain a small amount of semen, which will affect the results of the analysis. In the case of antibiotics, antifungal drugs to the gynecologist is recommended to go in 1-2 weeks. after cessation of therapy, as these drugs have a significant impact on vaginal microflora and prevent accurate diagnosis.

It is not recommended to pass inspection at the gynecologist during menstruation, except in cases of emergency (severe bleeding, accompanied by pain). The best period is the first few days after menstruation. Before visiting the gynecologist empty the bladder, intestines, possibly, should be empty.

How is the inspection

During the examination, the doctor will ask questions about the date of the last menstrual period, the nature and duration of the menstrual cycle. The doctor will be interested in information about previous gynaecological and infectious diseases, sexuality, contraception, pregnancy, abortion, the nature of childbirth, their complications, the health of the child. The answers to these questions will help the gynecologist to make a diagnosis. In the next step the doctor will do examination on the couch. When this is palpated anterior abdominal wall for possible tumors. Using the stethoscope, it listens for the movement of gases or fluid within the body. This method allows to study the bowel, condition often indicates the presence of a number of disorders and diseases of the female genital organs.

A pelvic exam is held in a horizontal position on a special chair by using disposable and sterile instruments (tweezers, mirrors, devices for taking smears, etc.). Before you climb on that chair, lay on it, the seat cloth, and then climb the steps. To go it is necessary so that the buttocks was located on the edge of the chair. Then raise your legs and place them on trivets to "slingshot" appeared in the popliteal fossa.

Before examination, the doctor wears sterile rubber gloves. During the examination the doctor inspects the vulva. Then, with the help of special tools the investigation of the cervix and vagina. Gynecologist explains the size, position and condition of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Vaginal examination may reveal endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, inflammation of the appendages, ectopic, uterine pregnancy, etc. During the examination the doctor takes a swab for infection, Cytology. If necessary, can be carried out a colposcopy, ultrasound was scheduled.

Advice 3: As a gynecologist detects pregnancy

Delay of menstruation, nausea in the morning, drowsiness, frequent urination, reaction to certain smells, and the girl goes to the pharmacy to buy a pregnancy test. If it was positive, the next step is to pay a visit to the gynecologist, which accurately determine whether there has been pregnancy.
As a gynecologist detects pregnancy
A visit to the gynecologist should not be delayed. Regardless of whether you want this baby or, on the contrary, unwanted pregnancy, and you plan to have an abortion, learn about the presence of a fetus should be as early as possible. When the long-awaited offensive pregnancy, you will be able to pass the necessary tests, give up bad habits if you have them, start taking vitamin complexes. Abortion is also much easier to do early on.
Pregnancy gynecologist can determine by visual inspection, because the body even in the early period the changes occur. Swelling of the labia and vagina because of a rush of venous blood, the vagina is aligned with the rear wall. Changes the color of the mucous: it becomes purple-red or even cyanotic. Allocation more transparent and more viscous than usual.
After visual examination, the doctor proceeds to bimanual examination. One hand inserted into the vagina, and the other a gynecologist examining the stomach of the patient. In this way, the doctor examines the uterus and appendages: determines the size of the uterus, which upon the occurrence of a pregnancy increases, said softened isthmus and the asymmetry of the appendages.
After the gynecologist detects pregnancy, it gives the expectant mother a referral for an ultrasound. Doing it makes sense in the third or fourth week after the onset of pregnancy. At the tenth to twelfth week a study will have to repeat: at this time, the doctor will be able to see whether normally developing fetus, if there are any abnormalities.
If you suspect a pregnancy in addition to test, you can use a blood test for HCG – a hormone that rises after the implantation of the embryo into the uterus. To donate blood should be in the morning on an empty stomach. This method is able to effectively detect a pregnancy 12 days after conception.

Advice 4: How does the inspection of the gynecologist

Gynecologist women somehow more feared than the dentist. However, in order to avoid negative consequences for the health inspection by the doctor should be held regularly, at least once a year. Examination by a gynecologist is not so terrible if you know how he is.
On reception at the gynecologist

Before gyno

Before gyno should not wash away the external genitals with a special soap for intimate hygiene. This will complicate the inspection. If you still feel the need to freshen up, take a light shower. Wash Breasts and armpits.

Take a cotton socks and a diaper. In some medical institutions provides for the presence of disposable diapers in the gynecologist's office, but its diaper will not be superfluous. Socks need to you are spanked from the screen to the gynecological chair barefoot.

During the appointment, the gynecologist will ask you a few questions regarding the date of the last menstrual period, the frequency of your sexual intercourse and the presence of complaints. Don't be afraid to complain! The gynecologist is obliged to help and not to criticize for the wrong the sexual life and attitude to their health.

The first thing that draws the attention of the gynecologist during your appointment, it is the state of the mammary glands

The breast exam

The gynecologist will ask you to raise hands and palpate each breast in a clockwise direction. Also push on the nipples. It is necessary to check for the presence of tumors and various breast diseases. Ideally, when probing should not feel any lumps, but when pressing on the nipples should not be any discharge. A small discharge from the nipple can be the case if you have recently finished breastfeeding. These precipitates should not be afraid, they are absolutely normal.

After the exam, you will be asked to lie down on the couch. The gynecologist will examine your abdomen and press on it. If you feel any pain or sharp discomfort, should immediately to say about it.

Next you will be asked to pass the examination table.

Gynecological chair

By using palpation (probing fingers) and special instruments, the gynecologist will examine your external and internal genital organs. This procedure can be a little unpleasant and painful. In order to avoid unpleasant sensations should completely relax. If you want to use the toilet, apologize and atrocities to go, as a full bladder or bowel - the main reasons of discomfort.

Special wand gynecologist will take your analysis on the microflora of the vagina (a swab). The results of the stroke you can usually tell after a week. In addition to the wand in the Toolbox there is a gynecologist colposcope. This procedure is called colposcopy

Study colposcope

Colposcopy necessary for the examination of vagina, cervix, and vaginal walls. The colposcope is a kind of mirror tube with magnifying and lighting devices. Do not be afraid of this procedure! It is virtually painless.

Depending on the results of smears and colposcopy, the gynecologist will prescribe advice and treatment.

Feel free to go on reception to the gynecologist. Be healthy!

Advice 5: The best gynecologist. How to find a good doctor

For most women of all physicians gynecologist, takes a special place. Well, if the whole woman's life is accompanied by the same doctor who knows all the peculiarities of his patient. But to find a gynecologist is able to conscientiously perform their duties, sometimes takes a lot of time.
best gynecologist

Professional quality gynecologist

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The first integral rule in finding the best gynecologist is professionalism. Of course, like any other doctor, the gynecologist needs to learn and get a diploma in obstetrics and gynecology. Specialist also had to pass an internship in the field in which to work. Indicator of the level of knowledge will be continued participation on training courses.

Best gynecologist will never make premature predictions. He will present the patient with all treatment options. Tell in detail about each of them and tell you what the treatment method will be most effective.

The credibility of the gynecologist

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Distrust or even hostility to the doctor can make sure that the visit will be a real meal. A gynecologist is the specialist, the credibility of which must be unconditional. Even if the doctor is "God" and the best gynecologist in town, it is not necessary to go to him if it causes resentment. Better to find a specialist who will be professional and create a trusting relationship with the patient. If from visiting the gynecologist to receive the discomfort, the patient sometimes can't tell all the details about a particular issue. And then the treatment will not be at the proper level. So quiet as at a reception at the gynecologist will make it possible to cure health problems.

Reviews acquaintances and friends about what the gynecologist

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The Internet is often replete with customized feedback about the doctors. Yes, a certain amount of truthful feedback about the gynecologists there, but there are also reviews created by employees clinics. So the credibility of the search of gynecologist in the Internet is very weak. Another thing is "word of mouth". After all, friends often admire, if their doctor showed "miracles of medicine". And you can be sure that such reviews are not bogus. This way you can find best gynecologist not only in private clinics, but in usual female consultation.

In addition to these indicators, there is still a lot of criteria when selecting the best gynecologist. For example, a good specialist will never be in a hurry. He will carefully examine, revealing all the nuances of a particular female body. Gynecologist should be tactful. At the reception, it needs to discuss in detail the entire treatment plan, identifying all the possible outcomes.

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