Advice 2: What and how checks gynecologist
Preparing for the inspection
Before visiting of the gynecologist shower or bathe, put on fresh linen. You should not douche to the vaginal flora remained in "everyday" condition. The day before the visit to the gynecologist eliminate unprotected sex, because the vagina will remain a small amount of semen, which will affect the results of the analysis. In the case of antibiotics, antifungal drugs to the gynecologist is recommended to go in 1-2 weeks. after cessation of therapy, as these drugs have a significant impact on vaginal microflora and prevent accurate diagnosis.
It is not recommended to pass inspection at the gynecologist during menstruation, except in cases of emergency (severe bleeding, accompanied by pain). The best period is the first few days after menstruation. Before visiting the gynecologist empty the bladder, intestines, possibly, should be empty.
How is the inspection
During the examination, the doctor will ask questions about the date of the last menstrual period, the nature and duration of the menstrual cycle. The doctor will be interested in information about previous gynaecological and infectious diseases, sexuality, contraception, pregnancy, abortion, the nature of childbirth, their complications, the health of the child. The answers to these questions will help the gynecologist to make a diagnosis. In the next step the doctor will do examination on the couch. When this is palpated anterior abdominal wall for possible tumors. Using the stethoscope, it listens for the movement of gases or fluid within the body. This method allows to study the bowel, condition often indicates the presence of a number of disorders and diseases of the female genital organs.
A pelvic exam is held in a horizontal position on a special chair by using disposable and sterile instruments (tweezers, mirrors, devices for taking smears, etc.). Before you climb on that chair, lay on it, the seat cloth, and then climb the steps. To go it is necessary so that the buttocks was located on the edge of the chair. Then raise your legs and place them on trivets to "slingshot" appeared in the popliteal fossa.
Before examination, the doctor wears sterile rubber gloves. During the examination the doctor inspects the vulva. Then, with the help of special tools the investigation of the cervix and vagina. Gynecologist explains the size, position and condition of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Vaginal examination may reveal endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, inflammation of the appendages, ectopic, uterine pregnancy, etc. During the examination the doctor takes a swab for infection, Cytology. If necessary, can be carried out a colposcopy, ultrasound was scheduled.
Advice 3: As a gynecologist detects pregnancy
Advice 4: How does the inspection of the gynecologist
Before gyno should not wash away the external genitals with a special soap for intimate hygiene. This will complicate the inspection. If you still feel the need to freshen up, take a light shower. Wash Breasts and armpits.
Take a cotton socks and a diaper. In some medical institutions provides for the presence of disposable diapers in the gynecologist's office, but its diaper will not be superfluous. Socks need to you are spanked from the screen to the gynecological chair barefoot.
During the appointment, the gynecologist will ask you a few questions regarding the date of the last menstrual period, the frequency of your sexual intercourse and the presence of complaints. Don't be afraid to complain! The gynecologist is obliged to help and not to criticize for the wrong the sexual life and attitude to their health.
The first thing that draws the attention of the gynecologist during your appointment, it is the state of the mammary glands
The breast exam
The gynecologist will ask you to raise hands and palpate each breast in a clockwise direction. Also push on the nipples. It is necessary to check for the presence of tumors and various breast diseases. Ideally, when probing should not feel any lumps, but when pressing on the nipples should not be any discharge. A small discharge from the nipple can be the case if you have recently finished breastfeeding. These precipitates should not be afraid, they are absolutely normal.
After the exam, you will be asked to lie down on the couch. The gynecologist will examine your abdomen and press on it. If you feel any pain or sharp discomfort, should immediately to say about it.
Next you will be asked to pass the examination table.
By using palpation (probing fingers) and special instruments, the gynecologist will examine your external and internal genital organs. This procedure can be a little unpleasant and painful. In order to avoid unpleasant sensations should completely relax. If you want to use the toilet, apologize and atrocities to go, as a full bladder or bowel - the main reasons of discomfort.
Special wand gynecologist will take your analysis on the microflora of the vagina (a swab). The results of the stroke you can usually tell after a week. In addition to the wand in the Toolbox there is a gynecologist colposcope. This procedure is called colposcopy
Colposcopy necessary for the examination of vagina, cervix, and vaginal walls. The colposcope is a kind of mirror tube with magnifying and lighting devices. Do not be afraid of this procedure! It is virtually painless.
Depending on the results of smears and colposcopy, the gynecologist will prescribe advice and treatment.
Feel free to go on reception to the gynecologist. Be healthy!
Advice 5: The best gynecologist. How to find a good doctor
Professional quality gynecologist
The first integral rule in finding the best gynecologist is professionalism. Of course, like any other doctor, the gynecologist needs to learn and get a diploma in obstetrics and gynecology. Specialist also had to pass an internship in the field in which to work. Indicator of the level of knowledge will be continued participation on training courses.
Best gynecologist will never make premature predictions. He will present the patient with all treatment options. Tell in detail about each of them and tell you what the treatment method will be most effective.
The credibility of the gynecologist
Distrust or even hostility to the doctor can make sure that the visit will be a real meal. A gynecologist is the specialist, the credibility of which must be unconditional. Even if the doctor is "God" and the best gynecologist in town, it is not necessary to go to him if it causes resentment. Better to find a specialist who will be professional and create a trusting relationship with the patient. If from visiting the gynecologist to receive the discomfort, the patient sometimes can't tell all the details about a particular issue. And then the treatment will not be at the proper level. So quiet as at a reception at the gynecologist will make it possible to cure health problems.
Reviews acquaintances and friends about what the gynecologist
The Internet is often replete with customized feedback about the doctors. Yes, a certain amount of truthful feedback about the gynecologists there, but there are also reviews created by employees clinics. So the credibility of the search of gynecologist in the Internet is very weak. Another thing is "word of mouth". After all, friends often admire, if their doctor showed "miracles of medicine". And you can be sure that such reviews are not bogus. This way you can find best gynecologist not only in private clinics, but in usual female consultation.
In addition to these indicators, there is still a lot of criteria when selecting the best gynecologist. For example, a good specialist will never be in a hurry. He will carefully examine, revealing all the nuances of a particular female body. Gynecologist should be tactful. At the reception, it needs to discuss in detail the entire treatment plan, identifying all the possible outcomes.