General information on weeds
Weeds are unwanted plants in the garden and this is known to everyone. They take from the soil the nutrients that are intended for commercial crops. Fast growing weeds do not allow normal development of other plants. Because of this, the destruction of plant pests is a problem for all gardeners.
Weed control is difficult, and some ways of coping lead to the fact that the grass is even faster to propagate. Weeds can get to a suburban area and even from neighbors, for example, if you multiply roots. The seeds can fly with the wind, but when you consider that germination of weeds can persist for years, weeding hoe the land seems to be a thankless job. But ways of coping do exist.
The control of annual weeds
Better than mechanical weed removal, nothing has been invented yet. But hoe can not always give the desired result, it all depends on the type of weeds. Weeding will be effective only if it is necessary to remove the portion of annual weeds. While it is easier to cope with those instances that do not have time to develop a root system and aerial part. Weed the area is desirable after the rain, to make it easier to pull the roots out of the ground.
The fight against perennial weeds
Weeding perennial weeds will not give the desired results, on the contrary, the grass will multiply and grow much faster because of the crushing and damage of the root system hoe. Such plants include wheat grass and sow Thistle. They grow very strongly and can even pierce its tough roots potato tubers.
To combat couch grass and sonchus must be digging the earth with a pitchfork to a depth of at least 30 inches. Only in this case you can get the whole rhizome of the plant without damaging it. This way of dealing with perennial weeds is very effective, but a piece of root may still remain in the ground. The cultivation of the land necessary to produce regularly, and only then after a few years these weeds will be completely withdrawn.
Another "tricky" and dangerous a weed is goutweed. For a long time from the soil may stick some two stunted leaf, but this time under the ground the plant develops a powerful root system. This weed reproduces by seeds and a piece of root. Weed and dig over the soil as much as possible, but it won't help. This is because the roots go to a depth of 40 inches. To keep the goutweed can only wcopa 20 inches deep around the plant any obstruction such as lawn feed. To completely get rid of this weed are covering the land with cardboard or foil.
Hard and long to produce against woodlice. For the season, she can grow up to several times. Weed this is a kind of indicator, and appears only where there is stagnant water and sour soil. Weed is very hard vypilivaya, so a new plant can develop from even a leaf left on the ground. It is important not to give the woodlice bloom, it should immediately cut with plane. To completely get rid of this weed, when digging in autumn it is necessary in the soil to make ash or chalk. This will reduce the acidity and create an unfavourable environment for woodlice.
Common methods of weed control
The most common way of dealing with any kind of weed is the covering of the pool. Suitable for this purpose cardboard, black film or mulch. Weeds won't sprout, but the use of each of the materials necessary to know some tricks.
To mulch the ground under bushes, trees, between rows of crops. Suitable in this as sawdust, straw, shredded bark or hay. The mulch layer should be at least 5 inches, only then it will be effect. Bark and sawdust cannot be used in vegetable crops, because they have a lot of tannins. Therefore you can pour only under trees and bushes. Cardboard and tape can cover a large plot of land. It will not allow any weeds to grow. Often the black film use fans to grow strawberries.
The use of chemicals
The herbicides will help to get rid of weeds, but the appeal of these funds is necessary extremely carefully. Buying chemicals, it is important to ensure that they are suitable for use on farmland, or you can make the soil unsuitable for cultivation of any plants for several years. Always chemical is manual, it is necessary to follow it strictly. When said solution is applied to the leaf of a plant, that is exactly what needs to be done. Most herbicides can affect all plants indiscriminately and destroy them. And other herbicides are intended only for specific weeds.
The use of any herbicides harm the soil, so to resort to this method of weed control is necessary in the last turn. For example, if few years, the plot was not treated and the whole was overgrown perennial plants with a strong root system.