When you need a dermatologist?
Yellowing of the nails may be due to the fact that you smoke too much or use a dark varnish, staining the nail plate in yellowish color. If you are not hard-core smokers and do not wear nail Polish, yellow may indicate a fungal disease. In his favour also thickening of the nails, their grayish color, the crumbling, the gap edge of the nail from the bed. Fungal infection treated only under the supervision of a dermatologist and after mandatory laboratory tests.
Thickening of the nail and a change of its shape is often observed in such diseases as eczema, psoriasis, chronic dermatitis, caused by various reasons. The treatment of these diseases is also the responsibility of the dermatologist.
Problems with the nail to what expert to address?
Patients tend to consult a dermatologist if you have any problems with nails, however not in all cases require the assistance of a specialist. So, yellowish nails can be caused not only by the fungus, but disease of the liver – in this case at the edge of the nail visible light bezel, and the signs of destruction of the nail plate usually absent.
There is a widespread belief that the nails become brittle and weak due to lack of calcium. The lack of this element is just one of the many reasons for the variation in the density of nails. Breakage, delamination, and thinning may appear due to constant contact with aggressive detergents, iron deficiency, vitamin D or the use of low-quality enamels and varnishes for manicure. If you solve the problem with cleaning products you can use thick gloves, in order to determine the body's need for trace elements is necessary to visit a therapist he will prescribe tests to determine the level of hemoglobin, calcium and vitamin D in the blood, will help you to choose mineral supplements or iron supplements.
Changing the shape of the nail on the concave requires a visit to the hematologist or internist to determine the level of hemoglobin in the blood, because it is a sign of iron deficiency anemia. But the domed shape of the nails, resembling a convex glass clock – known to doctors a symptom of disease of the heart and lungs. To determine what exactly caused such changes, you will need to visit one expert – much depends on the accompanying symptoms.
Cyanosis of the nails can be a symptom of serious anemia, and diseases of the cardiovascular system – without the advice of a cardiologist and General practitioner in this case is not necessary.
Dark or black spots and streaks under the nail, especially arising spontaneously and not associated with trauma is a reason for immediate treatment to the surgeon. Spot can be a subungual melanoma is an aggressive malignant tumor.
Advice 2 : What kind of doctor treats nails
Problems with the nails are very common. A weakened immune system, fungal infections, poor hygiene and other factors lead to abnormalities of the nail plate and cause people to large complexes. Who should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of problematic nails?
Diseases of the nails deals with doctor-mycologist who, first and foremost, is a good dermatologist that can diagnose all skin diseases. Among the most common diseases of the nails is the fungus, or athlete's foot – a contagious disease that a person receives from another person. To pick up fungal growth is possible in the sauna, pool, bath, saloon and other public areas. Also, it often occurs in people who constantly wear warm and tight shoes.
According to statistical studies, fungal infection of the nails suffers, nearly a quarter of modern humanity.
Symptoms of athlete's foot is a thickening, stratification and the subsequent crumbling of the nail plate with discoloration. If not take it to a mycologist, the disease will become chronic, and to get rid of it will be very difficult. Moreover, chronic fungus provokes further its penetration into the body. For the treatment of mycosis primarily require inspection by a qualified mycologist and study in the laboratory of the affected material.
Treatment of nail fungus
Identifying the causative agent, the doctor-mycologist will appoint modern antimycotic means, painless treatment of patients with nail apparatus for medical pedicure, hardware or immunomodulirutaya laser therapy. In addition, fungal nail may require removal for medical reasons. Fear is not worth it – the removal process is painless, and the mycologist will designate a catalytic treatment and supervision by a physician until complete regrowth of a healthy nail plate.
A strong immune system alone can cope with the fungus, halting its development at the earliest stages, so it should be strengthened.
To avoid fungus infection, you should avoid specific factors that trigger its development. It is not necessary to wear uncomfortable and low quality shoes made from synthetic material. Legs should not be constantly warm and humid environment, whether it be wet shoes or sweaty socks. Injuries and various urgent stop cracked healsb, without waiting for the penetration of fungal infection. Also the risk of Contracting athlete's foot increases in such diseases as diabetes, varicose veins, occlusive disease and Raynaud's disease.