You will need
- Analysis of the scrapings or the cultures of the nail plate; the PCR test for the presence of fungal infection; clinical and biochemical blood tests.
Note that lesions of the nails occur not only during fungal infection. So, even with all of the classic signs, no dermatologist will not undertake treatment without laboratory examination of the patient. In the first place is assigned a scraping from the affected area of the nail. This completely painless procedure is done using special tools. The collected material is dissolved in alkali and examined under a microscope. The result of the analysis gives the exact answer, what was the reason for the defeat of the nail, fungal infection or any other disease.
In some cases, it is advisable to make the cultures of the material obtained that allows to determine the type of fungus and its sensitivity to antifungal drugs. The most effective research method is the PCR-diagnostics is a special test for the presence of nail fungus, which accurately detects the presence of the pathogen and the drug that is optimal in each case. Moreover, with the help of this analysis it is possible to diagnose in the early stages of the disease soon after infection.
If it's already established tactic of the treatment will depend on the shape of onychomycosis. At present to combat the infection uses the latest drugs, which are not only active on fungus, but also permanently retained in the nail plates. This allows to shorten the course of treatment to 2-4 months. With the defeat of the only part of the nail, the doctor will prescribe creams and ointments that are used topically. If the affected several nails or the matrix (nail root) – can not do without systemic therapy. In severe cases, a combination of local and preformed antifungal agents. In parallel with the main treatment to the patient can be given medication to strengthen the immune system, vitamins and treatments. After completing the course of treatment is necessary to hand over the control analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of therapy.
A common mistake of most people is the self-diagnosis and self-treatment of onychomycosis. Bought at the pharmacy ointment or cream and be just fine, especially because the choice of these drugs is huge. However, the antifungal drug of local action is not always destroys the infection, which will be explained by improper selection of drug. And patients have the impression that to cure this disease is almost impossible, but it isn't.
For the prevention of onychomycosis is not recommended to wear the same shoes every day. It is advisable to treat the inside with a disinfectant spray and a good airing.
Advice 2: As folk remedies to treat nail
Hands and feet with beautiful and healthy nails look attractive and well-groomed. If the nails are far from ideal, exfoliate, break, or affected by fungus, they can cure people's means.
Strengthen brittle nails on the hands using an oil bath with the addition of lemon juice. Mix 1 tbsp olive oil with 0.5 tsp. of lemon juice in this mixture and lower the fingers so that it fully covered the nail plate. The procedure should last at least 15 minutes. Good strengthens nails pure lemon juice, it should be rubbed in the nail bed. Bath with sea salt will also help to keep nails in perfect condition, 2 tbsp of salt should be dissolved in a liter of warm water and hold it in her hands within 30 minutes. Then they need to be wiped dry and grease nourishing cream.
Massage the hands to improve circulation. Thanks to this simple procedure, the skin will significantly improve. Start the massage with stroking movements, work your way from the nails to the wrist, carefully working through each finger. Repeat the stroking a few times, gradually increasing the pressure.
Use folk recipes for the treatment of nail fungus. Wet fingers in hot water, wipe them with a towel. Scrape with a clean, disinfected nail file part of the nail that started to flake off. Sprinkle on the treated nail tea tree oil and RUB it for a few minutes. At night, treat damaged nails oil on them and fix soft bandage, if the affected nails on the hands, wear thin fabric gloves. The procedure must be repeated until, until you grow healthy nails. Also helps to get rid of fungus birch tar, a small amount of tar to lubricate your nails, fix on them plastic, and soft top dressing. This procedure is best done at night.
Please note if your nails constantly break, become thickened and yellow. To restore nails beauty and strength can eating products containing gelatin. A large amount of this substance contained in water dishes, jelly, jelly.
Advice 3: How to grow nails child
The nails of a person, even the very young, are an indicator of his health. Their condition can be diagnose many diseases. Parents often notice the child has stunted growth of the nail plate. In most cases, the blame for their poor condition are health problems. Many children also celebrated the nail-biting, due to which the nails become fragile, brittle and exfoliate.
Low nail growth or the lack of it often speaks of existing in a child disease. The main enemy of Polish is a deficiency of calcium and vitamins. So follow the food baby. Eat more foods containing beneficial ingredients, such as milk, curd, cheese, butter, caviar, red fish etc. No less than the worst enemy is the onychomycosis (or fungus), treatment of which should be mandatory.
Nails, a child may stop growing because the immune, endocrine and cardiovascular systems. To dispel doubts, show your child the dermatologist, pediatrician, endocrinologist, mycologist. Do not self-medicate. It can remove the external symptoms, leaving untreated the main cause of the disease.
Beneficial for growth of nails daily massage of the fingertips. This procedure speeds up blood circulation in them and leads to greater blood flow to the nail plates.
Very useful baths for hands. You can add a little olive oil and lemon, and for extra strengthen nails – a small amount of sea salt. Take a bath for 4-5 minutes and after the procedure simply DAB hand with a napkin. The bath salt is carried out for 15-20 minutes, after which the skin of the hands and nails are treated with a nourishing cream.
Stimulates nail growth vitamin e Liquid solution just RUB it on the nails. Alternative to vitamin E is ordinary iodine.
Growing nails baby is possible by using a mixture of 0.5 teaspoon of baby cream and red pepper. Add 20 drops of water and heat in a water bath. The resulting mask apply to nails 2-3 times a week.
Often the child has a bad habit – nail biting. Usually this is due to lack of confidence and different experiences. To get rid of such habits is difficult. It takes a long time. The most effective way here is to teach the child methods of relieving the tension. Teach him to compress and decompress fists, take a deep breath, trying to hear their own breathing, to hold a favorite toy, etc.
Teach your baby to take care of their nails, trim them in time. Make the child a European manicure. If the child brings his hands to his mouth, try to distract him with another activity. Use examples with your favorite characters. Say that a good character does not bite his nails, a bad – chewing. And, of course, love the baby, hug and caress more. This is the best method of removing nervous tension.
Advice 4: Why are blue nails
Manicured nails are the pride of many fashionistas who spend a lot of time on fancy manicures and other fashion jewelry. But sometimes the nail plate covered with obscure spots, or worse, begin to change their natural color.
There are many factors that affect the condition of nails and giving them unhealthy shades. Blue can cause bumps and other similar damages. This includes cases where the toes come to a sharp object, such as the heel. Resulted hematoma is formed from blood clots, which and gives a similar visual effect.
Promptly applied to the site of the injury a cold compress or wrapped in a clean cloth, the ice will mitigate the harm caused by the damage, however, this does not exclude recourse to the doctor. Only a qualified specialist will determine if you need medical intervention or sufficient to limit the discretion in the future.
The most painful option to eliminate consequences of injury is the removal of the horn plate. This is an unpleasant procedure that requires significant recovery period – if we are talking about the toenail, to move freely for some time after the manipulation would be problematic.
Do not attempt to open the nail plate and to remove therefrom the frozen blood liquid on their own. Even a small puncture at the site of injury can be a source of infection in the body. It threatens more deadly consequences, such as tetanus and sepsis.
When the blueing of the nails is associated with concomitant diseases, should be treated the root cause, i.e. the disease itself, as the changed color of the nails in this case is cause for alarm and medical examination.
In the above category include poor circulation, and heart failure. Recognize improper blood circulation can be bruising of the fingertips along with change the hue of the nails. This condition requires medical supervision, because in case of unfavorable course, it entails such serious complications as gangrene of the limbs. Malfunction of the heart is also characterized by a blue discoloration of the upper phalanges of each finger. Heart failure causes hypoxia of organs, pulmonary edema and without proper treatment leads to death.
The blueing of the nails causes the fungus, different types of which tend not only to affect the color of Horny plates, but also to alter their shape beyond recognition. Eliminate fungal diseases anti-inflammatory drugs and specialized ointments – drug zistan and lamisil, for example.
Unskilled made nails in beauty salons, applying them to the cosmetics of dubious origin, the wearing of tight shoes – all of these factors can disturb the natural form of Horny plates, giving them a blue glow. In most such cases the problem is easier to prevent than to address it. Do not visit procedures, the appropriateness of which there is reason to doubt, do not use unapproved by the health authorities of substances intended for nail and buy shoes according to your Shoe size.
Problem nails does an expert in the field of dermatology, however, if their unnatural coloring is just a symptom of a more serious disease, you need to pass an inspection generalist, having passed all the necessary tests.
Advice 5: How to treat fungal nail disease
The fungussettled on the skin of the feet, maybe literally and figuratively poison the life. But if not time to attend to the fight with the parasite, he will amaze and nails. And the main trouble not in violation of aesthetics. Onychomycosis not only leads to yellowing and delamination of the nail plate, but also to the intoxication of the whole organism, decrease of immunity, occurrence of allergies, aggravation of existing chronic diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately declare a merciless war.
You will need
- - topical antifungal drugs;
- - systemic antifungals;
- antifungal varnishes;
- soap-soda baths;
- - waterproof band-aid.
If you think you have nail fungus, make an appointment with a dermatologist or mycologist. The specialist will examine you visually assess the condition of the nail and the degree of damage, make the scrapings and send them for analysis. After it received the results, the doctor will determine the type of fungus and prescribe the right treatment. Most likely, it will be in the use of local drugs and common actions.
When nails are affected not too much, enough and a local antifungal agent. For example, "Garnizona", "Acteria", "Nizoral", "Lamizila" or "Mikospor". These funds are issued in the form of ointments, creams and solutions. To apply them to the affected fungal nails it is necessary 2 times a day, but you need to prepare.
Dissolve in warm water a tablespoon of baking soda and about 50 grams of grated soap, submerge it stops and hold for 10-15 minutes. Then, with the help of pumice stone and manicure set, clear nail softened growths. You can now apply antimicotic.
Top glue waterproof adhesive and leave for a day. Then again, do soap and sodas bath and speel diseased part of the nail. Repeat these steps until, until it grows back completely healthy nails.
It happens that the disease is running so that the fungus grew on all nails. Then antifungal drugs have to be taken orally. This is "lamisil", "Orungal", "Diflucan", "Nizoral" and their many counterparts. But to use these tools, there are contraindications: diseases of the liver and kidneys, pregnancy, hormonal drugs, etc. in Parallel with systemic therapy can be applied to antifungal nail lacquers type "Batrafen".
In any case, do not use nail files, scissors and other manicure accessories for the treatment of patients and healthy nails.
After the disappearance of external signs of the disease pass control tests, to ensure the final victory over the fungus.
Advice 6: How to get rid of fungus on fingernails
Scientists claim that about five hundred existing on the Land of fungi-dermatophytes are for humans, cause disease and are passed from person to person. They usually do not show themselves. But if there are any disease if you are taking antibiotics or oral contraceptives, or if you're old, the fungus can spread and lead to rapid destruction of the nails. Therefore without treatment is not enough.
You will need
- soda, soap;
- -wine vinegar, potassium permanganate, salt, soda;
For the proper treatment of fungal diseases it is necessary to identify its causative agent and to make an accurate diagnosis. Unfortunately, to cure the fungus is impossible, and if someone could, purely by chance. But instead of spending time and money on the treatment at random, better to use the advice of experts.
To carry out the treatment of the fungus should be long and consistently. In any case, don't throw it, achieving the first positive results. Otherwise you will have to start all over again. Relapses occur due to the fact that the nail grows slowly, and the drug does not have time to linger in the body at the time of his regeneration.
If you have a fungus only in the initial stage, can be limited to local treatment: apply to affected area twice a day antifungal agents – ointments, creams or special solutions. But before you treat the nails as follows:make a bath of solution of soda (1 tbsp.) and soap (50 g) in hot water and put it in her hands for a quarter of an hour.Treat nail clippers and scissors, removing the affected places. But remember to use the same tools on healthy and diseased nails is impossible. Instead of ointments or creams can be used with antifungal lacquers, which are sold in pharmacies.
Here are some popular folk remedies used in the treatment of early stages of fungus. Please note that in most cases these methods give temporary improvement, but not cure the disease.Twice a day treat areas affected by fungus, of a 5% solution of iodine for three weeks.
The propolis extract (20% tincture) to lubricate the affected areas. After that, instead of the patient growing healthy nail.
Tie at night to the affected nail a small piece of Kombucha. By morning softened the nail should be cut. To use this tool you need to until the disease passes.
Keep for 10 minutes a day hands in the bath with a strong solution of vinegar, then rinse hands in a solution of potassium permanganate. Then lower the hands in a basin with a solution of salt and soda. Treatment should be during the week.
Hold hands a quarter of an hour in the bath with an aqueous solution of ammonia. To prepare the solution requires 1 part ammonia to 4 parts warm water. After bath, hand be sure to wipe dry and apply the cream.
If these measures do not help, you should go to the antibiotics, but only after assigning them to you individually.
Simultaneously with the direct antifungal action take care of increase the body's resistance to disease. For this important full-fledged fortified food, leisure, walking, playing sports.