Colitis is a disease of the large intestine. The cat may appear to be perfectly healthy and playful, but if defecation was seen in the stool with mucus and blood need to be worried about your pet. This is a sure sign of colitis. Also the cat may experience a false urge to empty, painful feeling in the abdomen, vomiting. There is no loss of weight, muscle mass. Colitis occurs because of ingestion of infections, pathogenic fungi, allergies, malnutrition, parasites. Colitis is a fairly common disease in cats.
The colon is the seat of the stool, it is very complex microbial flora. Getting into the gut of pathogenic organisms leads to violation of the physiology of the large intestine. Diarrhea, constipation, mucous discharge – it is a consequence of the disease.
To self-medicate for such symptoms is not. To diagnose, you should contact your veterinarian. He will examine the pet and will inform about all necessary to pass the tests. You will need to make the analysis of urine, blood, fecal, abdominal ultrasound, biopsy, x-rays. All this is necessary in order not to confuse colitis with other diseases, e.g. malignant tumors. A stool sample will reveal the presence of parasites in the body, and the correctness of the passage of the digestion process. X-rays rarely do. It is necessary to identify the presence of intestinal foreign bodies. Such cases are the place to be, cats are very curious animals and can eat what you should not.
As a treatment animal is prescribed a diet determine the diet, which will include less fat and more fiber. If colitis caused by food allergies, you must abandon those products, which contain harmful substances. Not always diet helps to cure colitis, then the vet prescribes anti-diarrheal medications combined with antibiotic. If Kale was discovered worms, then prescribe de-worming therapy. It should be carried out regardless of the disease every three months.
If colitis is caused by the presence of bacteria in the gut, then first identify the nature of these bacteria, study the history of the animal and prescribed antibiotics. Chronic colitis can occur if the disease started. In this case, the cat is prescribed an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal drugs. The owners should take care of the animal's diet that the treatment was effective. A course of therapy lasts from 5 to 7 days.