What are sedatives

Sedation, or sedative, drugs are divided into two categories. The first group includes those that have a vegetable origin, the active ingredient in them are the extracts of Valerian, motherwort, etc. the second category includes synthetic sedatives, which, in turn, are divided into benzodiazepines and barbiturates. In addition they have a calming effect and antihistamines of the first generation, which include, for example, diphenhydramine, which have a pronounced soporific effect.

How to take a sedative

Sedatives of plant origin are sold in pharmacies without a prescription. To date, there has been studies scientifically prove their effectiveness and justify safe dosage. However, this effect is, and the dosage should follow those specified in the instructions for use. The most popular medication in this category is Valerian. Make it should not with other sedatives or with synthetic, not vegetable. Doctors do not recommend to use it for a long time.

Motherwort should not take during pregnancy, so as not to cause miscarriage. Herbal product Kava-Kava, which is also sold in Russian drugstores as a sedative, it is forbidden to use in Germany, Switzerland and Canada, because it has a negative effect on the liver. Side effects of passionflower (Passiflora) is not fixed, it is considered quite safe component of the calming herbs. But to use St. John's wort together with oral contraceptives is not – it neutralizes their effect. Sedatives of vegetable origin is better to drink after eating, so as not to cause indigestion or gastritis.

To synthetic drugs include barbiturates - Corvalolum, valokardin, and benzodiazepines – Relanium, seduksen, diazepam. The first is relatively safe, but have a short duration of action. The second are longer, but have many side effects and are addictive, so taking them out should be strictly under the supervision of a physician, who will prescribe a prescription for them. Synthetic drugs can be taken at any time, no matter before or after meals.

General recommendations include the time of reception of soothing preparations: from 14:00 to 15:00 they work particularly effectively. It is impossible to combine taking them with alcohol, the consequences can be very serious. You should not drink grapefruit juice and drinks that contain tannin and caffeine that provoke the opposite effect and cause excessive anxiety.