Subcutaneous hematoma. For this type of disease apply conservative treatment. Immediately after the injury apply to the place of injuryand the cold and to prevent the development of hematoma apply a compression bandage. To reduce pain, apply the analgesic. After 3-4 days after injury, to accelerate the resorption, it is necessary to conduct physiotherapy. If the injury is large enough, conduct the evacuation of liquid blood by means of puncture. After that, apply a compression bandage. If re-bleeding requires opening the hematoma. Next, the obligatory ligation of the bleeding vessel. If there has been suppuration of the subcutaneous hematoma, you need an autopsy.
Intracerebral hematoma. For this type of disease is also used conservative treatment. Accomplish correction of intracranial pressure, it should not be below 25 mm.RT.St. If the patient's condition worsened it is necessary to conduct surgery.
Acute traumatic subdural hematoma. For this type of disease necessary surgery (an emergency). In this case, either remove the hematomaor a craniotomy is carried out. It should be noted that this type of disease often develops in older people (average age of 65-70 years). If you suspect a subdural hematoma, do a CT scan.
An epidural hematoma. For this type of the disease requires urgent surgery. The main symptoms of epidural hematoma: a tangible accumulation of blood between the inner surface of the skull and the outer meninges, the so-called epidural space. For accurate determination of the disease be sure to perform a CT scan.
Hematoma in the home are often erroneously referred to as bruises, focusing only on the color of the bruises. In fact, a hematoma and a bruise is not the same thing. If the bruise is a bruise of the surface of the small capillaries, the hematoma is a more complex injury. Most of these hematomas occur near a temple, their development is associated with traumatic moment (the impact of the stone hit on the head with a blunt object).
Hematoma is a type of bruising. Hematoma is a limited accumulation of blood in closed and open injuries of organs and tissues with rupture (wound) of vessels, a hematoma forms a cavity containing liquid or coagulated blood. Hematoma of the head, held a few months after injury reveals minimal change in the substance of the brain (or even the lack thereof).