Every tree starts with a seed. Thuja can be propagated from both seeds and seedlings. If you chose the first option, keep in mind that the seedling arborvitae grows to about 5 years, but are grown on local soil, the tree is more resistant to adverse environmental factors. Visivite stratified seeds arborvitae in spring, buried by 5 cm no more. Planting the top cover layer of coniferous sawdust, install a fence from the sun. Constantly loosens and moisturize them. It is possible to feed a slurry, diluted with water in ratio of 1:20.
If you decide to plant thuja offshoot, stalk 2-3 a year escape or semilignified process this year, which separates from the wood along with promenade – a piece of old wood. Cuttings treated with IAA. Soil structure for rooting cuttings of thuja consists of sand (river), peat and loam in equal proportions. Will Zaglebie cuttings 1.5-2.5 cm. to Grow better seedlings in the greenhouse, where humidity is constantly high. To water the cuttings is not necessary, only spray.
Rooted shoots periodically quenched.
Do you grow seedlings arborvitae from seed or cuttings, in the winter they need to warm. Thuja overlaid with leaves, pine sawdust and spruce branches. When the frost is over 5 degrees below zero, the fifth shielding film.
Now that the seedling you have, it is important to choose a good place for planting arborvitae. Choose partial shade (just don't put them in the shade crown of a tree) and the place is well protected from the wind. On the composition of the soil has already been said above is turf, peat and sand.
The distance between the trees less than a foot. When planting trees the root collar should be above the ground. In the first month water it 1 time per week at the rate of 10 liters per 1 tree and spray. The soil around the tree regularly loosen, but not deep. It is desirable to mulch her 7-centimeter layer of wood chips or peat.
Each spring, remove the excess and dead branches, so you build up the crown and give it an attractive look. Over time, TUI is not going to need shelter and insulation, as it is quite winter-hardy.
Advice 2 : How to grow thuja sprouts
Thuja is a pretty complex plant. Cold winter for her oftenth be disastrous. It grows well in large southern cities with their jams and heavy air, but low light apartments leads to yellowing and dieback of its branches. However, thuja popularity as owners of household plots, and those who enjoy indoor experimental horticulture.
You will need
- - Soil;
- - Apophysis
- - Fertilizers;
- - Shovel;
- - Watering.
Sow th seeds - they usually have a good germination rate and no problems in germination not observed. Another popular method of reproduction TUI – cuttings. It is better to cut with the mother hive in early spring, taking the already stiff piece of bark. Ensure that your processes were at least 3-4 are still sleeping buds. Botany is recommended to cut off the stalks soak for several hours in a slightly colored solution of potassium permanganate. This will not only kill the "dormant" disease, but also enrich the processes of essential nutrients.
Plant cuttings for growing in the greenhouse frame, which is equipped with a detachable frame. On warm days, they should be removed to the young plants was tempered, and they had enough sunlight to sustain photosynthesis. Agrotechnics care processes is reduced to watering (minimum twice a week using the watering can and the divider and loosening. No feedings at this stage to produce should not be.
Prepare planting holes for TUI. If you want to generate from it a hedge, place them at a distance of 20-25 cm from one another. The volume of the pit should be about 40 CC, see Down put the vegetable waste, e.g. shavings and sawdust of deciduous trees, silt from a nearby pond, moss. Tamp well and treat any substance from harmful insects. The second layer – compost soil or rotted manure.
Avoid fertilisers based on poultry manure, and fresh manure, regardless of the type of Pets that produced it. Young seedlings do not tolerate such concentrated fertilizers, they may have had a root burn. The third layer in the landing pit – garden soil. Pour into each hole for 2 buckets of water and leave for a few hours to subsidence.
Planted the sprouts directly arborvitae, this plant does not like slopes. After landing advanced pour water through the heads with a divider. Direct watering is fraught with smearing of the soil and exposure of roots, it is impossible to avoid. So as long as the soil does not dry out, it is recommended to mulch with sawdust, expanded clay or other similar material. Further agricultural tuey care is reduced to regular watering, fertilizing and annual (spring) crown formation.
Advice 3 : How to plant Th seeds at home
One of the most unpretentious conifers – thuja. Therefore, many growers tend to plant it at home. Knowing the secrets of growing this plant from seed, you can avoid many of the errors associated with this process.
You will need
- - capacity for planting seeds
- - seed
- soil for conifers
- - small stones
- - river sand
- - solution of potassium permanganate
Many gardeners practice growing arborvitae from seed. This process is very long due to the slow germination of seed. The first step in this case is the acquisition or self-production of seeds of thuja. In the latter case, you will need to stock up on buds of adult plants. You want to pick them in the period from September to December. With the onset of winter cones open and the seeds of them spontaneously fall to the ground, so late December doesn't make sense to stock up on planting material.
Finding a good mother plant, you need to carefully cut the bumps, which can be light brown or brown color, and spread them in a thin layer to dry in a place where the temperature does not exceed 7оС. Seeds are removed after the dry flakes.
There are two ways of planting arborvitae. The first is the immediate planting of seeds without any pre-treatment or soaking. If the seed has sufficient vitality, will soon appear thin sprouts, resembling the stem of a young dill. The first sprig of arborvitae would give approximately six months, and until that time its growth will be very slow.
The second way seed planting provides for the preliminary stratification. For this purpose, the grain is placed in a container filled with damp sand mixed with sawdust. Then the container with the planting closed and set it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. Here it should be within 2-3 months. For home growing arborvitae rarely use the second way seed planting, as there is no need in their hardening.
The ground for planting is prepared as follows: first, on the bottom of the pot lay drainage. You can use expanded clay, pebbles, coal or other small stones. The thickness of the drainage layer should be 2-3 cm Soil it is best to buy at the store for gardeners. Preference should be given to the soil for conifers. Prepared the ground, slightly compacting, spilling into the pot so that its top is at least 3 cm then the soil is spread thin layer of river sand. If there is no confidence in the quality of the soil, it is possible to pour a disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate dark pink color.
Arborvitae seeds spread in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 1 cm from each other. Grain should not be submerged in soil, tight enough to press them to the ground, which must be moist. Then the pot must be covered with a transparent film or glass and put it in a place where it will have the temperature below 20oC.