You will need
- Shovel, twine, fertilizer, soil mixture, putty, pruner.
Wait for the right moment. The best time to transplant conifers – the period from late September to early October. Need to catch up to the first frost, so TUI was able to grow the desired number of new small roots. Valid and transplant in early spring after snowmelt, but to implement it should be before the growing season, otherwise the plant can get sick.
Connection, please choose the most favorable area, protected from the wind. Arborvitae grows well in any soil in full sun and in partial shade, but full shade are detrimental to the health of the plant, the crown can poredet.
Prepare a planting hole at least 15 days before the transplant. Its value should be a quarter more the size of the clod of earth, TUI and about three times wider than the crown of the seedling. The average depth should not exceed half a meter. On the bottom it is better to jot down the gravel to avoid water stagnation.
Dig around the plant in a circle, then dig the tree and not ustrahivaya, carefully move to a new location. Save a clod of earth, when you dig up fifth. Its root system is compact and well developed, but shallow, so without feeding the roots wither away as soon as possible. If you're bringing a tree from afar and sacks, which tied the roots to shoot is not necessary – arborvitae planted in a hole directly to her. The material will disintegrate within two years.
Too long roots, it is permissible to chop off the maximum with a sharp tool or shears. After pruning, treat the cut with putty, mixed with a solution of IAA – it prevents the proliferation of fungi parasites.
Before planting a tree, liberally pour the pit with water. As the planting soil, use a soil mixture of peat, loam, and sand in the ratio 2:1:1 with the addition of humus and litter of coniferous, mixed in equal proportions. Additionally, it is desirable to add phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Try to keep the fertilizer does not hit directly on the root.
Not zaglubljaja root collar at planting, but don't place it too high. Upon completion, seal the soil around the trunk and pour a tree. If you transplant in autumn, thuja, tree trunks is sure to cover the area with wood chips or compost, avoiding direct contact with the barrel.
Following the landing, the fifth month, water once a week and orosite her crown. In winter, cover the plant and tie the branches with twine so they do not break down under the weight of snow.
Advice 2: How to transplant pine tree
The value of conifers in decorative qualities that do not change depending on the time of year. To evergreen trees felt good to put them you need all the rules.
More painfully react to transplant large adult specimens of conifers. Resistant breeds can be considered as spruce, fir and Western thuja, and the most capricious pine and cedar. Best survival at the new location for the coniferous trees, transplanted during the winter. This is because the tree is dormant, and damage to the root ball occurs.
Every plant, regardless of species and size, at the time of transplantation carries the strongest stress. Since the activity of the root system and crown are interrelated, particularly important for rapid adaptation gets meticulous care. In the root of the tree is the synthesis of hormones that affect the growth and activity of root system, and hence on the entire tree as a whole. Even with the most careful and accurate transplant a significant part of young and active roots is lost. Therefore, the water balance of the plant, reduces the amount they absorb nutrients and weaken the functions of biosynthesis. Order the necessary material has entered the crown of the tree in the right quantity, after the transplant, it is recommended to treat synthetic analogues of plant hormones.
The group is auxin growth regulators and are intended for recovery in the shortest time possible of the root system. Cytokinin and gibberellinovaya groups stimulate the development of pine needles and new branches, in General, providing the adaptation of the ground part. In the nature of underground and aboveground parts grow, alternating, and therefore need to process the roots and the crown alternately.
Pour large conifers first 2-3 years after planting should be regularly and abundantly. The younger generation adapts quickly, so closely monitor the watering of young animals will have a maximum of a year. For more effective irrigation around each tree gets a small hole with raised edges. To protect evergreens from often overtaking them in the summer sunburns, preferably pritenyat them, especially the first year after transplantation. In particularly hot and Sunny days in addition to shading will be useful to arrange ephedra irrigation of the crown.
In the first years after planting, all plants, conifers and trees especially, are particularly susceptible to attacks by pests and infected by fungal infections. Insecticides and fungicides should be applied immediately after planting coniferous tree, for the prevention of unpleasant consequences. It is better to use broad-spectrum preparations. Observing all the conditions, it is possible to transplant the pine tree and provide it with a quick adaptability to the new location.
Advice 3: How to transplant thuja
Transplanting arborvitae is recommended in the spring that choose areas in partial shade, but planting pits prepared in advance. Arborvitae grows well in light, sandy and slightly acidic soils with the addition of turf and ground sheet. The easiest transplant suffer plants with closed root system.
Depth of planting arborvitae shall be not less than 70 cm If the tree is transplanted into trenches for hedges, dig the hole, from 0.6 to 1 m. It should be 1.5 times larger than the size of the root ball. It spiked the ground, and the drainage make half depth.
Before planting arborvitae need to prepare the soil consisting of humus, sand, peat, and leaf and sod land. To fill the pit, you can buy ready-made nourishing soil for conifers.
If the selected area is dominated by heavy soils with stagnant water, it is recommended to fill in the planting hole a thick layer of drainage, it needs to be at least 20 cm in order to create drainage, use broken bricks.
The distance between trees should be between 1 to 2.5 m, sometimes make it a little more. Should not be planted tall arborvitae forms closer than 3 m to other shrubs and trees. When transplanting do not recommend to lift or bury the root neck, it should be at ground level. Planting is carried out carefully, taking care not to damage the earth com.
Transplanted trees should be watered twice a week. Thuja — drought-tolerant plant, watering is required young and just transplanted specimens, Mature trees should be watered only in the hot and dry summer.
After transplantation during the first two years of fertilizers. If the soil around the tree is too dense, it is recommended to periodically loosen, but no deeper than 10 cm, it is Useful to mulching with sawdust or peat, the thickness of the layer should be about 7 cm Shaded location and too dry soil can cause the plant loses decorative, his crown will become rare, and needles fade.
Young seedlings in autumn and cover with spruce branches, he will protect the tree from winter cold and spring sun. Th preparing for the winter, should link its branches with twine. During snowy winters too can be damaged thick and dense crown of an adult tree, the branches can break. If in the winter on the trunk of the arborvitae cracks, in the spring they need to gloss over the garden pitch.
During a heat wave or drought is recommended regularly watered thuja and conduct sprinkler irrigation twice a week. It will wash away with the crown of the tree the dust and will help to spread fresh scent of pine needles. For the formation of crown pruning should be done for this spring TUI shoots shortened by one third with a powerful pruner, and dry branches are removed.