Advice 1: How to revive a ficus

Any gardener dreams of his favorite plant pleasing bright green leaves as it makes the ficus. A fairly undemanding plant that can make any home, however quite often after the ficus fetch them, he begins to fade in his eyes. To save the ficus, you should know how to care for this plant.
How to revive a ficus
You will need
  • The pot soil for ficus, drainage, charcoal
Instruction
1
Flower likes moderate lighting and watering, afraid of drafts and does not tolerate dryness of the soil. So thinking about how to revive a ficus, primarily examine the conditions of his detention. May be able to help simply changing its location. If possible, place the ficus on the windowsill of a window facing South-East or South-West.
2
In that case, when a ficus drops its leaves, but the trunk remains flexible and alive, it needs to be fixed. If there is rot, and on the top layer of the soil formed plaque, transplant the plant. Also indicate the necessity of transplanting sticking out of the pot roots. In this situation, the plant simply did not have enough nutrients because the roots have filled every available space. Take a pot, diameter superior to the one which is a plant, not more than a couple of inches. Pour on the bottom of the drainage, then add soil for ficus. The roots of the plants you need to carefully inspect. Dry roots and having traces of rot cut with scissors and finish with a powder of charcoal.
3
After the plant is transplanted, water it regularly, avoiding drying of the soil, and spray the remaining leaves with water from a spray bottle to maintain indoor proper humidity. While the plant does not take root, it is not fed. If everything is normal, the feed the plant not earlier than in a month.
Note
Starting to fear for the health of the ficus, you should be aware that such varieties like ficus benjamina, and leaf drop in the fall is natural. The plant loses up to 20% of the total number of leaves and is not associated with the disease.
Useful advice
Sometimes growers admit a common mistake: believing that all diseases of ficus are associated with malnutrition, begin intensively to feed him. For a plant that tries to survive, similar to the inflow of excessive nutrients and can cause the opposite reaction.

Advice 2: How to transplant a ficus

Ficus is one of the most popular house plants. Members of the genus ficus there are more than 900. They mostly grow in tropics, subtropics. It is a perennial shrub and woody plants. There are also instances of creeping vines. Repot ficus is not difficult, but there are several points that you need to understand and remember. Back to the question of transplanting ficus later, but for now let's talk a little about himself.
Transplant the ficus need in the spring and summer
Instruction
1
Ficus does not like change, so it is better for him to determine the permanent location. Better is it with this place not to move and not to move. In the summer, the ficus can be taken to fresh air, terrace or balcony, but not in the midday sun, and a little in the shade so the plant does not get direct sunlight.
2
Winter ficus best brings in dry and warm room, if he will provide additional lighting and periodic spraying. And the higher the temperature, the more light the plant is required.
3
On hypothermia ficus reacts quite painful. So don't put the plant on a cool window sill or floor, if you do not want your pet felt bad or even dropped leaves. Sudden temperature spikes also avoid.
4
The need of ficus (or any other plants) in water depends on its age, soil properties, condition, phase of plant development, and also the time of year, the material of the container and other factors. Ficus does not require installation of a rigid watering schedule, because the light, humidity, temperature and other external conditions change constantly and affect the intensity of water consumption by the plant is also constantly.
5
Signs that the container for the ficus was on the small side, are fully braided with the roots of plants clod, the rapid drying of soil after irrigation, the roots emerge from the drainage. Transplanting is carried out in the spring and summer, so after the plant is better adapted to the new conditions. The young rubber plants should be transplanted annually in capacity, which is greater than 2-3 cm in diameter than the previous one. Adult specimens (over four years) transplanted every two or three years in a pot, which is more than the previous 3-4 cm is Used as a transshipment.
6
Pour the plant so that it was easier to pull out of the container. Then remove the ficus from the pot, remove the top layer of soil and Pat the earthen room, braided roots. Lightly shake the plant and move into a new pot where ready drainage layer (a few shards laid hump up and sprinkled with a layer of expanded clay, pebbles, sphagnum moss or small pebbles). Fill the plant with earth.
7
Large tub with a ficus that are difficult to transplant, act differently: one to two times a year they change the top layer of the earth.
8
After the transplant the ficus can for about a month to slow down growth because the root system needs some time for adaptation. This is especially true in the case when a new pot is too big.

Advice 3: How to shape ficus

They even at home quickly into the trees, which can play the role of a decorative element of the living design solutions. In order for ficus to fully become a decoration, it is necessary periodically to give the correct shape.
How to shape ficus
You will need
  • ficus, pot (barrel), knife trimming, paper napkins
Instruction
1
When planting ficus great importance is the size of the pot (tubs): the larger the capacitance, the higher will be the spreading and the plant. Ficus tolerates pruning well, so you can easily create the desired shape of the crown and to control the growth of branches below the ficus has not filled the entire room.
2
To the young plant fit into the interior, is recommended when the ficus will reach a height of 75-100 cm, to top it. After that will begin to form new branches. To receive a graceful crown is to cut the ends of the branches once in 3-4 years. When pruning lactiferous, which should be wet cloth or loose paper. Without regular pruning of new branches are not formed, and the plant starts to bare bottom.
3
New shoots of ficus develop from buds and the apical side (they are in the leaf axils). The most rapidly developing in the apical Bud. Its removal stimulates the awakening of lateral buds.
When pruning shoots the cut do over the kidney. During the treatment of the side branches take into account the direction of the kidneys, which make the cut.
Note
Dust deposited on leaves of ficus, spoil its appearance and prevents normal air exchange of plants with the environment and the process of photosynthesis. A couple of times per month the plant should be washed under a warm shower, covering the surface of the earth film. Large leaves on both sides should be wiped with a soft sponge. Leave the ficus in the bathroom to dry, so he doesn't get too cold;

Large leaves of ficus, it is possible for beauty to cover special polishes (glenaladale). Liquid aerosol wax adds Polish and freshness of the leaves, repel dust, reduce evaporation from plants, which is important in heated spaces with low humidity. You can not spray the young leaves, the lower part of the adult leaves and the trunk of the tree.
Useful advice
To grow another Fig tree, not dispose of the cut branches. Put them in water and wait for the appearance of roots.

Advice 4: How to water a ficus

Ficus is a very popular houseplant. Has a wide variety of forms. Quite demanding in terms of content. Grows fast, well propagated by cuttings. Requires proper watering.

How to water a ficus
Instruction
1
Despite the great diversity of forms, the requirements for conditions of detention have all the figs are almost identical. They are light-requiring, but can not tolerate direct sunlight. The soil should be nutritious, but it is desirable that the size of the container is much higher than the volume of the root system. Ficus do not like drafts, and at the hypothermia of the soil may even lose leaves. The desired temperature of the air in the room - 25-30 degrees in the summer and 16-20 in the winter. Ficus must be properly watered.
2
Optimal amount need water each individual plant. It depends on many factors – age and phase of development, time of year and soil properties, external conditions - light, temperature. All these factors affect the intensity of water consumption by the plant.
3
Water the ficus is not on the schedule, and as needed. The degree of moisture of the earthen coma is defined to the touch. Deepen your finger in the ground at 2-3cm and if it is a ficus growing in the tub, 5-7cm. the Soil sticks to the finger – watering is not required. If the ground is dry the plant should be watered.
4
Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. Will vzryhlite soil. Pour slowly so that the ground is well soaked. Water is poured several times until, until it begins to protrude from the drainage holes. After half an hour, drain from the pan the excess. In summer, the harmful lack. Watering should be abundant, but until the next time the soil should have time to dry. Winter can harm the excess moisture.
5
For normal growth of plants it is also important that the relative humidity was at least 50%, better 70%. When the content in the heated rooms, and in the summer heat, it is desirable to apply the spray. The water should be warm and soft, hard can leave on leaves white spots.

Advice 5: How to root ficus Benjamin

It is difficult to imagine a cozy house or apartment without natural flowers and plants. They delight the eye with their greenery and fresh air, bring some live notes and give completeness to the interior. One of the most common overseas plants is ficus benjamina. It can be purchased in any flower shop, and you can try to grow your own. For this you need to root cuttings of ficus. If you like to take care of flowers, you will succeed.
How to root ficus Benjamin
Instruction
1
Wait until spring to root cuttings of ficus. In this case, the young shoots will have plenty of time to get stronger until the autumn. There are several ways to plant a ficus. For ficus Benjamin cuttings suitable.
2
Cut off from the adult plant multiple tops with a length of about 10cm. Choose twigs that are already half stiff. Cut on the bias with a knife just below a node.
3
Remove the lower leaves and shoots. If the rest of the cutting has large leaves, cut them in half.
4
Rinse the cuttings with warm water to wash away the white SAP exuding from the cut. Then let them dry out, you can leave it for a couple of hours.
5
Choose a dark container, pour it in warm water, dissolve in it a piece of charcoal or a tablet of activated charcoal and place the cuttings. Make sure that the lower leaves are not in water.
6
Place the container in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight.
7
Provide humidity to 80% and temperatures above 25º C. With this, you can cover the tank with a film jar or a plastic box, creating a kind of hothouse.
8
Follow the water level in the tank and pour as needed. After 3-4 weeks you should see roots, after which the cuttings can be planted in a light soil.
9
Can root cuttings in sand or peat. Rinse, Pat dry and sprinkle the cut cuttings charcoal. Plant the cutting in sand or peat, deepening it by about one knot. Cover the pot with plastic film to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically watering to the sand was wet. From time to time remove the pack to keep the plants ventilated. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can shoot more often, and then just remove and ship the young plant in the correct soil.
Useful advice
Korenaga several cuttings in case some of them will not survive. Later you can put several cuttings together and beautifully twisting shoots at the base. The growth of shoots will grow in the ground weave, creating beautiful patterned trunk.

Advice 6: How to grow ficus from seeds

Ficus is an attractive house plant that is easy to grow yourself from seed. It is necessary to follow certain rules and recommendations for care.
How to grow ficus from seeds
You will need
  • seeds;
  • - capacity for planting seeds;
  • the substrate;
  • - water.
Instruction
1
Purchase seed of this plant from a retailer. Treat them with fungicides or growth stimulants. Thus, you will accelerate the process of appearance of your sprouts.
2
Prepare a container for planting seeds. This will perfectly suit a plastic bottle, cut lengthwise, or a wooden box.
3
Soil for planting seeds acquire neutral or slightly acidic and mix it with sand in the ratio of 2:1. Also the substrate you can prepare yourself. To do this, mix 1 part sand, 1 part peat and 2 parts ground sheet. This mixture has good permeability that will contribute to the rapid development of the root system.
4
Plant seeds to a depth of 0.5-1 cm, slightly prisypaya ground. After that, the earth abundantly pour water with a small addition of a solution of potassium permanganate. Thus, you will decontaminate your future the plant from various pests. A container of seeds, cover with glass or cling film, creating a humid microclimate.
5
When growing sprouts follow thermal mode – 25-30 degrees. Only in this way your seedlings will stretch and get stronger in shorter period of time. Do not forget to ventilate shoots, opening glass (film) for 1-2 hours a day.
6
As soon as the seedlings appeared the first 2-3 leaf, clear glass (film). Then thin out your seedlings by removing weak shoots.
7
Shoots of ficus transplant in a separate container with a diameter of 8-10 cm For the perfect plastic cups. The growth of plants capacity pick up with a large diameter.
8
The plant place in a bright room, avoiding direct sunlight. Remember: they absolutely can not tolerate drafts, even in very hot weather. And the bad illumination of the plant can kill the leaves and shoots.
9
Don't forget to water your plant. To do this, use well-defended water at room temperature.
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