Advice 1: How to cure ficus

The best way to save the plant is to properly care for it and to detect various diseases. A weakened plant is often exposed to the invasion of pests. Rubber plants are quite disease resistant, but they can catch the disease.
How to cure ficus
You will need
  • - insecticides (e.g. actellic),
  • - antihelminthic drugs.
Instruction
1
To prevent the appearance of pests and diseases in plants, properly care for it. Put in a well lit place but not under direct sunlight. Keep winter away from the batteries - they don't like high temperatures in the winter. Ventilate the room, but avoid drafts. In the summer watering profusely, slightly drying with earthen between waterings. Aprecciate the leaves of the plant. Replant in a container, greater in size, as needed. Remove dust from the leaves.
2
If you found on the external or internal side of leaves or on the trunk of your plants brown blyambochki size of about 2 millimeters, it is the pest called scale insects. Scale insects suck plant SAP and secrete a sticky substance that covers its leaves and trunk. The larvae of this insect invisible to the naked eye, so put the plant three times (every 10 days) treatment with actellic.
3
On the trunks of plants in connection with the branches, in the axils of the petioles of leaves or on the soil surface when watering you may find mealybug. Highlight it like cotton wool, inside of which is an insect. It sucks the plant juice.If damage to the plants slightly, remove all affected parts and rinse it under the shower with a soft brush, preferably with soap.If the colony is significant, pour the plant with insecticide. Substance absorbed by the roots of plants, and, having eaten, an insect poison.
4
Aphids usually attack the young shoots with tender leaves. The plant is affected by aphids, is covered with a sticky substance, the leaves curl and are deformed. Treat ficus soapy water three times during the week, and with heavy infestation, use insecticides.
5
If the leaves of your ficus sereyut, wither and fall off and the plant appeared spider, this spider mite. Increase the humidity around the plant: pour it, wash, spray, install near a humidifier. Try after spraying for 3-4 days throw on a crown cap from a plastic bag that will retain moisture. If nothing helps or the colony is numerous, in addition treat any insecticide.
6
If between waterings substrate time to dry out, it can wind up nagahuedi. This little white Bouncing invertebrates. To fight them is simple: put the pot with the plant in a basin of water, and all surfaced springtails rinse. ProSuite ohms and repeat the procedure until you get rid of this scourge.
7
If the ficus is dying, and external inspection and analysis of the content of plants did not reveal the cause, it is likely that this nematode. This microscopic worms, affecting the plants root system and releasing harmful toxins. If you examine the roots, you can see them knotty growths. To deal with nematodes is very difficult. You can help watering plants with water with the addition of anthelmintic drugs.

Advice 2: How to shape ficus

They even at home quickly into the trees, which can play the role of a decorative element of the living design solutions. In order for ficus to fully become a decoration, it is necessary periodically to give the correct shape.
How to shape ficus
You will need
  • ficus, pot (barrel), knife trimming, paper napkins
Instruction
1
When planting ficus great importance is the size of the pot (tubs): the larger the capacitance, the higher will be the spreading and the plant. Ficus tolerates pruning well, so you can easily create the desired shape of the crown and to control the growth of branches below the ficus has not filled the entire room.
2
To the young plant fit into the interior, is recommended when the ficus will reach a height of 75-100 cm, to top it. After that will begin to form new branches. To receive a graceful crown is to cut the ends of the branches once in 3-4 years. When pruning lactiferous, which should be wet cloth or loose paper. Without regular pruning of new branches are not formed, and the plant starts to bare bottom.
3
New shoots of ficus develop from buds and the apical side (they are in the leaf axils). The most rapidly developing in the apical Bud. Its removal stimulates the awakening of lateral buds.
When pruning shoots the cut do over the kidney. During the treatment of the side branches take into account the direction of the kidneys, which make the cut.
Note
Dust deposited on leaves of ficus, spoil its appearance and prevents normal air exchange of plants with the environment and the process of photosynthesis. A couple of times per month the plant should be washed under a warm shower, covering the surface of the earth film. Large leaves on both sides should be wiped with a soft sponge. Leave the ficus in the bathroom to dry, so he doesn't get too cold;

Large leaves of ficus, it is possible for beauty to cover special polishes (glenaladale). Liquid aerosol wax adds Polish and freshness of the leaves, repel dust, reduce evaporation from plants, which is important in heated spaces with low humidity. You can not spray the young leaves, the lower part of the adult leaves and the trunk of the tree.
Useful advice
To grow another Fig tree, not dispose of the cut branches. Put them in water and wait for the appearance of roots.

Advice 3: How to water a ficus

Ficus is a very popular houseplant. Has a wide variety of forms. Quite demanding in terms of content. Grows fast, well propagated by cuttings. Requires proper watering.

How to water a ficus
Instruction
1
Despite the great diversity of forms, the requirements for conditions of detention have all the figs are almost identical. They are light-requiring, but can not tolerate direct sunlight. The soil should be nutritious, but it is desirable that the size of the container is much higher than the volume of the root system. Ficus do not like drafts, and at the hypothermia of the soil may even lose leaves. The desired temperature of the air in the room - 25-30 degrees in the summer and 16-20 in the winter. Ficus must be properly watered.
2
Optimal amount need water each individual plant. It depends on many factors – age and phase of development, time of year and soil properties, external conditions - light, temperature. All these factors affect the intensity of water consumption by the plant.
3
Water the ficus is not on the schedule, and as needed. The degree of moisture of the earthen coma is defined to the touch. Deepen your finger in the ground at 2-3cm and if it is a ficus growing in the tub, 5-7cm. the Soil sticks to the finger – watering is not required. If the ground is dry the plant should be watered.
4
Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. Will vzryhlite soil. Pour slowly so that the ground is well soaked. Water is poured several times until, until it begins to protrude from the drainage holes. After half an hour, drain from the pan the excess. In summer, the harmful lack. Watering should be abundant, but until the next time the soil should have time to dry. Winter can harm the excess moisture.
5
For normal growth of plants it is also important that the relative humidity was at least 50%, better 70%. When the content in the heated rooms, and in the summer heat, it is desirable to apply the spray. The water should be warm and soft, hard can leave on leaves white spots.

Advice 4: How to root ficus Benjamin

It is difficult to imagine a cozy house or apartment without natural flowers and plants. They delight the eye with their greenery and fresh air, bring some live notes and give completeness to the interior. One of the most common overseas plants is ficus benjamina. It can be purchased in any flower shop, and you can try to grow your own. For this you need to root cuttings of ficus. If you like to take care of flowers, you will succeed.
How to root ficus Benjamin
Instruction
1
Wait until spring to root cuttings of ficus. In this case, the young shoots will have plenty of time to get stronger until the autumn. There are several ways to plant a ficus. For ficus Benjamin cuttings suitable.
2
Cut off from the adult plant multiple tops with a length of about 10cm. Choose twigs that are already half stiff. Cut on the bias with a knife just below a node.
3
Remove the lower leaves and shoots. If the rest of the cutting has large leaves, cut them in half.
4
Rinse the cuttings with warm water to wash away the white SAP exuding from the cut. Then let them dry out, you can leave it for a couple of hours.
5
Choose a dark container, pour it in warm water, dissolve in it a piece of charcoal or a tablet of activated charcoal and place the cuttings. Make sure that the lower leaves are not in water.
6
Place the container in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight.
7
Provide humidity to 80% and temperatures above 25º C. With this, you can cover the tank with a film jar or a plastic box, creating a kind of hothouse.
8
Follow the water level in the tank and pour as needed. After 3-4 weeks you should see roots, after which the cuttings can be planted in a light soil.
9
Can root cuttings in sand or peat. Rinse, Pat dry and sprinkle the cut cuttings charcoal. Plant the cutting in sand or peat, deepening it by about one knot. Cover the pot with plastic film to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically watering to the sand was wet. From time to time remove the pack to keep the plants ventilated. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can shoot more often, and then just remove and ship the young plant in the correct soil.
Useful advice
Korenaga several cuttings in case some of them will not survive. Later you can put several cuttings together and beautifully twisting shoots at the base. The growth of shoots will grow in the ground weave, creating beautiful patterned trunk.

Advice 5: How to grow ficus from seeds

Ficus is an attractive house plant that is easy to grow yourself from seed. It is necessary to follow certain rules and recommendations for care.
How to grow ficus from seeds
You will need
  • seeds;
  • - capacity for planting seeds;
  • the substrate;
  • - water.
Instruction
1
Purchase seed of this plant from a retailer. Treat them with fungicides or growth stimulants. Thus, you will accelerate the process of appearance of your sprouts.
2
Prepare a container for planting seeds. This will perfectly suit a plastic bottle, cut lengthwise, or a wooden box.
3
Soil for planting seeds acquire neutral or slightly acidic and mix it with sand in the ratio of 2:1. Also the substrate you can prepare yourself. To do this, mix 1 part sand, 1 part peat and 2 parts ground sheet. This mixture has good permeability that will contribute to the rapid development of the root system.
4
Plant seeds to a depth of 0.5-1 cm, slightly prisypaya ground. After that, the earth abundantly pour water with a small addition of a solution of potassium permanganate. Thus, you will decontaminate your future the plant from various pests. A container of seeds, cover with glass or cling film, creating a humid microclimate.
5
When growing sprouts follow thermal mode – 25-30 degrees. Only in this way your seedlings will stretch and get stronger in shorter period of time. Do not forget to ventilate shoots, opening glass (film) for 1-2 hours a day.
6
As soon as the seedlings appeared the first 2-3 leaf, clear glass (film). Then thin out your seedlings by removing weak shoots.
7
Shoots of ficus transplant in a separate container with a diameter of 8-10 cm For the perfect plastic cups. The growth of plants capacity pick up with a large diameter.
8
The plant place in a bright room, avoiding direct sunlight. Remember: they absolutely can not tolerate drafts, even in very hot weather. And the bad illumination of the plant can kill the leaves and shoots.
9
Don't forget to water your plant. To do this, use well-defended water at room temperature.
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