Advice 1: How to plant ficus

Ficus, once considered a sign of philistinism, today is quite popular among flower growers. His large dark green leathery leaves are pleasing to the eye, and in addition, its clean air and generously saturate the oxygen to the room. Branching ficus goes wrong, i.e. asymmetrically, so the plant needs to be formed. For this spring, before beginning of growth, the tip of the tree is cut. Cut pieces should be 2-3 buds (2-3 leaf). This cut and you can grow another ficus. You can do it under certain rules.
How to plant ficus
Instruction
1
Place the cut tip of the ficus in a jar of water at room temperature. Place container in a well-lit and warm place. For example, on a window sill facing the South side. The water in the pot change on a daily basis.
2
While the new ficus give the roots, prepare a small pot and soil for planting. Take 2 parts humus earth and 1 part river sand and mix thoroughly. Fill sand-humus mixture in the pot, the bottom of which must be arranged by the drainage of expanded clay or small stones (ledesco).
3
Gave the roots a segment of a ficus plant in loose moist soil. Hard to bury is not necessary. In order painless rooting is possible to cover the plant cover of the film or the glass, if it make the leaves. Ideal for ficus at this stage – a warm and humid room.
4
Water moderately, not flooding. Occasionally remove the film cover (or jar) and sprinkle them with the plant or gently wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
5
When it will be seen that the plant has taken root and feels good in the pot (this will indicate a healthy radiant Shine and intense color leaves), the film or the jar can be removed. First, the ficus tree should be protected from direct sunlight. Gradually, however, you should move the pot closer to the brightly lit place, accustoming the plant to the sun (adult ficus likes direct rays).
Useful advice
Transplant young ficus annual in a pot large size in fresh soil. This is best done in March. The composition of the soil is: 2 parts hardwood and humus soil, 3 parts loam and 1 part river sand. In 3-4 years from an annual transplant and refuse to produce it as you fill the pot with roots.

Small and yellowing leaves of ficus talking about the fact that he is or is not enough power or too high temperature in the room where he lives, or too dry air (you forgot about the spraying). By the way, if your ficus very very bad view, not only to save him, showing enhanced care, but also to multiply. To do this, cut the barrel not yet dead plant cuttings with 2-3 buds (leaves) and will do the same, as in the case with cut tip.

All kinds of figs are seated equally.

Advice 2: What are they

Ficus, plants of the mulberry family, often grown in the home. There are many different ficus – this genus includes up to thousands of species, among which there are ornamental evergreen forms and deciduous trees and even woody vines. In natural conditions they grow in subtropical climates in Africa, Asia, America and Australia, and potted rubber plants feel good in a normal city apartment.
What are they

Elastica ficus



The ficus elastica is one of the most popular houseplants, has earned a reputation thanks to the large, beautiful and dense leaves, which grow to half a meter in length. Dark green, shiny oval leaves with pointed tips look very impressive both at home and in the office. Ficus elastica not only looks good, it is still very useful for microclimate of premises, this plant is perfectly revitalizes the air, enriches it with oxygen and clean from contaminants.

This ficus does not require complex conditions. It should be kept in a shaded place, preferably away from direct sunlight. In summer, it withstands temperatures up to 30 ° C, in winter it grows well at a temperature of not less than 17 o C.
This plant is enough to water one to two times a week separated by water, spray is optional, it is sometimes possible to wipe the leaves from dust.


Ficus Benjamin



Ficus benjamina is another common houseplant that can often be seen in shopping and entertainment centers, offices and other public places as a decorative item. This plant attracts attention – ficus benjamina grows to several meters in height, representing or spreading shrub or tree, with beautiful and dense crown.
The leaves of the ficus small, length eight inches, they can be uniform in color, and brightly colored.


Ficus Benjamin is a bit more demanding of content than elastica. This plant loves a warm and light place, does not respond well to waterlogging and watering with cold water. But most importantly – this large ficus tree does not like when its moving from place to place, he begins to drop leaves until you get used to the new environment.

Bengal ficus



From ancient Eastern manuscripts Bengali ficus tree called the World tree, this plant is considered a symbol of immortality, and today it is extensively grown in many homes. The Bengal ficus is powerful branches, aerial roots and quite large dark green leaves.

These flowers like to grow in the spacious rooms, with enough space they can reach three meters in height. Otherwise no special detention conditions there – the ficus needs to be watered a couple times a week and keep in place with enough natural light but not in direct sunlight.

Dwarf ficus



Dwarf ficus is one of the most beautiful of the genus ficus, is a small-leaved plant with flexible stems that resemble wire. The dwarf ficus leaves thin, cordate, bright, matte shade. These plants are perfectly fine on the Windows facing East or West, but from the midday sun they should be protected.

Advice 3: How to root ficus Benjamin

It is difficult to imagine a cozy house or apartment without natural flowers and plants. They delight the eye with their greenery and fresh air, bring some live notes and give completeness to the interior. One of the most common overseas plants is ficus benjamina. It can be purchased in any flower shop, and you can try to grow your own. For this you need to root cuttings of ficus. If you like to take care of flowers, you will succeed.
How to root ficus Benjamin
Instruction
1
Wait until spring to root cuttings of ficus. In this case, the young shoots will have plenty of time to get stronger until the autumn. There are several ways to plant a ficus. For ficus Benjamin cuttings suitable.
2
Cut off from the adult plant multiple tops with a length of about 10cm. Choose twigs that are already half stiff. Cut on the bias with a knife just below a node.
3
Remove the lower leaves and shoots. If the rest of the cutting has large leaves, cut them in half.
4
Rinse the cuttings with warm water to wash away the white SAP exuding from the cut. Then let them dry out, you can leave it for a couple of hours.
5
Choose a dark container, pour it in warm water, dissolve in it a piece of charcoal or a tablet of activated charcoal and place the cuttings. Make sure that the lower leaves are not in water.
6
Place the container in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight.
7
Provide humidity to 80% and temperatures above 25º C. With this, you can cover the tank with a film jar or a plastic box, creating a kind of hothouse.
8
Follow the water level in the tank and pour as needed. After 3-4 weeks you should see roots, after which the cuttings can be planted in a light soil.
9
Can root cuttings in sand or peat. Rinse, Pat dry and sprinkle the cut cuttings charcoal. Plant the cutting in sand or peat, deepening it by about one knot. Cover the pot with plastic film to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically watering to the sand was wet. From time to time remove the pack to keep the plants ventilated. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can shoot more often, and then just remove and ship the young plant in the correct soil.
Useful advice
Korenaga several cuttings in case some of them will not survive. Later you can put several cuttings together and beautifully twisting shoots at the base. The growth of shoots will grow in the ground weave, creating beautiful patterned trunk.

Advice 4: As it flowers ficus

Once the opinion about the indoor ficus was twofold. Some thought it a sign of philistinism. Other – homemaker. Potted ficus tree - a small tree. This plant is often called rubber because of the milky juice containing caoutchouc.
As it flowers ficus
East Asia – the birthplace of the squad vukasovich plants. In the wild, ficus can grow to giant size, it is bred on plantations for the production of rubber for industrial purposes. Indoor - decorative plant with broad glossy leaves of dark green color. To the touch the leaves are firm.

Toy flower



Unfortunately, most types of home ficus tree does not bloom. Blooming ficus can be seen only in the Botanical garden, and even then, if you're lucky. It is rare, but still flowering species are the lyre-shaped ficus, Ficus Benjamin, Bengali, and dwarf. These plants have a truly beautiful flowers that seem toy. Very elastic and the buds are as solid as if lacquered petals admire the elegance and brevity. The flower is nothing extra: large cupped petals have the color transition from dark core to light, almost white rim.

Bud often yellow, but the flowers are from bright orange to light yellow and milky color with a contrasting middle, which in some species is smooth, like a bead, and some are covered with small villi.

Ficus blooms only in perfect conditions. Throwing Bud, he seemed to stay warm for a week, sometimes two, and then – usually at night – spreading flower. An open Cup of the flower lasts no more than 3-4 days, after which all the petals fall off again. However, growers enthusiasts claim that this plant with its varnished leaves can decorate the interior of any apartment, not even blooming.

Breeding



Care for a ficus tree is simple, but regular. First of all, we need to find a place where the plant will be comfortable, ie with good lighting but no direct sunlight and the formation of drafts.

There is an inviolable rule in the care of ficus: the higher the room temperature, the more light it needs to flower. If possible, in summer you can make it to the loggia and put in a shaded area.

Another rule of proper care is timely watering of the plants. Summer can't allow that between waterings the soil in the pot was cracked, and in winter - do not fill with water. The plant is thermophilic. So watering only warm water. Very useful to wash the ficus a shower, after closing the soil film. After the shower he dries himself in the bathroom, and then put in place. This is to ensure that Bush doesn't get hypothermic and started to drop leaves.

Propagation ficus at home method of grafting. For this fit young shoots nesuderinama with two or three nodes for future shoots.

The growth of young ficus transplanted it with the replacement soil. Older plants are upgrading only the top layer of soil. In the spring, to form the crown of the ficus, cut the long shoots.
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