Advice 1: How to tell gender of goldfish

There is a misconception that gold fish are easy to care for. In fact, they are very demanding, and when they are breeding, there are many nuances. But, learning to overcome difficulties, the majority of owners thinking about breeding their aquarium Pets. If many types of aquarium fish to distinguish the female from the male is quite simple (color, size), the goldfish is not the case.
How to tell gender of goldfish
You will need
  • Aquarium, goldfish, magnifier
Instruction
1
Goldfish become sexually Mature by two years, although this depends on the usefulness and diversity of the diet and the conditions in which they are contained. It is very important role is played by the volume of the aquarium per goldfish need at least 40 liters, and the whole "glass house" should be at least 100 liters. In small volumes of fish develop poorly, become like "trapped" and unable to spawn.
In ideal conditions, there have been cases earlier puberty - a half years, while diet was full of proteins. Consequently, before this age, even the experienced owner will not be able to distinguish between male and female.
2
When the fish become ready to breed, begin to show the first differences of the male from the female. The female body becomes rounded in form, a small globular belly, while the male is more lean.
3
On the front paired fins of the male have characteristic notches, which in appearance resemble small teeth of a saw. This is the main sign by which you can distinguish males from females is not even in the mating season.
4
With the beginning of spring in Mature gold fish begins the courtship period. At this time the male differs markedly from the females by their behavior. He behaves very actively, violently caring for her friend, following her around the aquarium.
5
Another main symptom of the male can be called the emergence in the spawning period of white tubercles on the head and Gill covers. Sometimes these bumps may be on the front fins.
The same symptoms can occur if a serious disease of aquarium fish - Ichthyophthirius. On the fins of the fish appear bumps similar to semolina. It is important not to confuse the spawning characteristics of males with this disease.
Note
If spawning is successful, you have to remember that goldfish can eat their young. Therefore, immediately after spawning, they should be transplanted in otsadnik. It needs to be equipped with filter and air supply, and from the aquarium vary only in smaller volume.
Useful advice
It is best to keep goldfish at temperature above 24 degrees.

Advice 2: How to care for goldfish

Chinese and Japanese breeders have selected several well-known types of goldfish. Some people think that caring for them is very easy due to their great popularity. Sometimes a person can just give a goldfish for some achievements or simply as an innocent gift, which inevitably will prompt a person to think about how to care for goldfish, so they lived well in his aquarium.
How to care for goldfish

Is to say, in cases when fish is not needs care, and she dies pretty quickly. Sometimes she lives only three to four days. To ensure the proper care of goldfish, it is necessary to consider what your aquarium as well as know what to do with the water before her run fish. It is also important to decide what to feed the animal. If we talk about choosing the right aquarium, it should be said that in small aquariums, these fish die. Itself the more fish or larger the number, the greater must be the volume of the glass housing. Future owners should know that the water must be enriched with oxygen. The important point is the choice of the “content” of the aquarium. For example, you need to put on the bottom of the gravel, as there are live bacteria which consume ammonia in water decreases its level. The temperature that must be maintained to keep a goldfish, it should not be less or more than 21 degrees.



In order to keep one gold fish you will need:

An aquarium of 40 liters – 1 piece.

Aquarium filter, with the ability to download air – 1.

Thermometer for aquariums

Gravel is medium in size

Aquarium snails

Catfish – 2 individuals

Special food for goldfish

The literature devoted to the maintenance of goldfish



1. Install the aquarium in a suitable location of a house or apartment.

2. Lay on the bottom of the aquarium gravel of medium size.

3. install the filter, pumping air.

4. Install a special thermometer.

5. Fill the aquarium with clean water.

6. Run to the aquarium snails and catfish.

7. Wait a few days or even a week.

8. Make sure that the temperature in the aquarium was 21 degrees.

9. Start a goldfish.

10. Will check how much the fish eats food at a time.

11. Never overfeed goldfish!

12. Never use for keeping gold fish small aquariums.





 

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