Advice 1: How to measure pressure at the ankle

Measurement of blood pressure at the ankle is used to assess patency of arteries of lower extremities. Normally, such a pressure slightly higher than that measured at the shoulder. When narrowing of the Central arteries of the legs pressure on the ankle is lower than in the shoulder by 30-50%. The measurement is performed only oscillometric (electronic) blood pressure cuff or an ultrasound apparatus.
To measure blood pressure at the ankle use a digital sphygmomanometer with the cuff width 7-7,5 cm
You will need
  • Digital blood pressure monitor with a cuff width of 7-7,5 cm
Instruction
1
The study is conducted in the supine position. Legs are straight, located on the same level with the heart. It is impossible to keep feet or hands in the air. The patient should be relaxed, you need 5-10 minutes to adapt to the conditions of measurement. For 1.5-2 hours before measuring pressure do not eat, smoke, drink alcohol, soft drinks, medicines related to sympathomimetic agents (including eye drops). Physical activity before the study, it is desirable to eliminate. If this is not possible, after the load must be at least 30 minutes. The breathing should be quiet, too deep a breath will distort the results.
2
Wear cuff electronic blood pressure cuff on the ankle at 2-3 cm above the dorsum of the foot. Secure the cuff so that between it and the skin of the legs freely pass finger. Air tube should be over the artery, the patency of which is checked.
3
Feel the pulse of downward and backward from the bones, located on the inner side of the ankle. Here is the posterior tibial artery.
4
After turning on the apparatus pump air in pneumomail (if this is not done automatically) as long as the pulse at the specified point will not cease to palpable plus another 20 mm Hg is Too strong compression may cause pain in the foot.
5
Let out air at a rate of approximately 2 mmHg per second. On the screen of the monitor displays the results. The first figure is systolic pressure, the second diastolic. Performing measurement automatic or semi-automatic blood pressure monitor you can rely on the audible signals and prompts on the monitor screen.
6
Measurements are made 2-3 times. As a result, counts the arithmetic mean of indicators of all dimensions.
7
Repeat the measurement on the second leg.
Note
If the measurement uses a cuff with a width of 10-12 cm, the result will be inflated.
Useful advice
Do not use wrist blood pressure monitor - they are not accurate.

Advice 2: How to measure the pulse

Palpation of the pulse is defined on all major arteries. In ancient times it was established diagnoses, given the forecast of development of the disease and even determine the destiny of man. And to measure the pulse can be very simple.
To measure the pulse can be very simple
Instruction
1
In the normal arterial pulse is always, can be caught and venous pulse, and sometimes felt precapillary. The pulse appears as a result of the oscillations of the walls of blood vessels, heart contractions, thus he shows us the heart rate, which normally is 60-80 beats per minute for an adult and more often - the normal heart rate for children. In newborns, a heart rate average of 140 beats per minute by the end of the first year of life already 110-130, then the pulse gradually decreases with age, by adulthood or later reaching the standard 60-80.
2
Often the pulse is determined the radial artery. Have children measure the pulse in the temporal arteries. Palpation of the carotid arteries allows to determine the characteristics of the Central arterial pulse. The standard place to measure the pulse rate also artery the back side of the foot.
3
Note when measuring heart rate normal pulse is established for a person in a horizontal position, if you are standing, the heart rate will be 5-15 beats per minute more than normal.
4
Start heart rate measurement on the symmetrical arteries. If the heartbeat pulse at the same time on both vessels, you can continue to explore the pulse on only one of the two arteries.
5
When measuring the pulse at the radial artery grasp the wrist area, so that your thumb was on the back of the hand, four fingers lie on the artery that runs along the radius, i.e. the inner side of the hand.
The pulse on the carotid arteries to check symmetrically on either side of the larynx.
6
It is impossible in any case to check for a pulse, holding his artery with one finger, it can lead to error. Measure heart rate at least two fingers (index and middle), easily pressing the artery.
7
Do not press on the artery to measure the pulse, too. This ripple could disappear altogether, since you are pinching the artery, stop the current of blood through it.
8
Calculated the rhythmic pulse of at least 30 seconds for more accuracy minute. If you think the pulse only half a minute, don't forget to multiply the result by two to learn the indicators of heart rate per minute.
9
In addition to frequency the doctor in the measurement of the pulse determines the rhythm, content, and the height of the voltage pulse. Conducted a special study of the pulse, by means of sphygmography, plethysmography and rheography. These methods allow pulse to display in graphical form, so that later the doctor carried out the analysis of pulse curves.
10
Often today, to monitor the pulse rate using pulsationally. Particularly relevant are devices for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system and for athletes.
Note
The pulse can be measured in the following arteries: temporal (over the temples), sleepy (on the inner edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, under the jaw), shoulder (on the inner surface of the shoulder above the elbow), femoral (inner thigh at the junction of the legs and pelvis), popliteal. Usually measure the pulse at the wrist, on the inner side of hand (radial artery) just above the base of the thumb.
Useful advice
How to measure the pulse rate. To measure heart rate necessary stopwatch. Well, when the house there is a sports stopwatch, but a stopwatch is often used mechanical or electronic-electronic (quartz) watch with a second Definition of the pulse. The pulse should be determined, feeling the radial artery at the base of the first finger two, three fingers. You can count the number of heart contractions, especially after the competition, with his hand on the region of the heart, the cardiac impulse.

Advice 3: How to measure eye pressure

On eyeball and eye pressure you can define a number of diseases that can affect people throughout life. For example, increased intracranial pressure, impending blindness, glaucoma. And to be able to manage to conquer the illness you need to be able to measure ocular pressure.
How to measure eye pressure
Instruction
1
To the optical properties of the eye were normal, ocular pressure must be constant. The complexity of determining the increase in pressure in that it does not manifest itself. And so unnoticed may manifest glaucoma. Which in turn about 30 % of cases) can lead to complete blindness. Heaviness in the eyes, fast fatigue, and fatigue may indicate a slight increase in intraocular pressure. In case of appearance of such symptoms is needed as early as possible to see a specialist - an ophthalmologist. He will examine and prescribe treatment.
How to measure eye <strong>pressure</strong>
2
To identify changes in the body, it is necessary to periodically measure the eye pressure. This procedure is not pleasant, but necessary. Plus of it is that it is absolutely painless. It goes like this: the patient looks down, closing his eyes for centuries. The doctor is in front of the patient, and the index finger of the left hand lightly presses down on the upper eyelid of the right eye and index finger of the right hand on the upper eyelid of the left eye. Thus, the doctor can determine how dense a particular eye. And this, in turn, gives the doctor an idea about eye pressure.
How to measure eye <strong>pressure</strong>
3
Another way to measure eye pressure, incidentally, is more accurate than palpation. It is held with the help of special devices-weights - heart rate monitors. In this study, the patient lies. The doctor makes a local anaesthetic, then places a dot on the center of the cornea. The result of the measurement is determined by the contact area with the cornea. The more pressure, the less pressed the cornea. On average, the ideal eye pressurem is considered to be 22 mm Hg.St.
4
If you carefully monitor their health, many troubles can be avoided. And even more difficult to visit an ophthalmologist every six months and measure eye pressure.
How to measure eye <strong>pressure</strong>
Is the advice useful?
Search