Advice 1: How to determine high or low pressure

Broken blood vessel tone and the impact of adverse external and internal factors often cause "jumps" pressure. And, despite the similarity of some symptoms of the human condition at elevated and reduced pressure have a number of significant differences. It is important to know about them to be able to provide first aid or the time to go to the doctor for the recovery of the cardiovascular system.
Instruction
1
For hypotension characterized by lowering the pressure of 100/65 mm Hg. Depending on the age, these numbers can fluctuate. However, if no tonometer to determine the pressure, pay attention to other symptoms. Although the physiological hypotension may years to flow without any deterioration or changes in health.
2
If every morning starts with poor health, weakness, lethargy, irritability, and during tilting of the bed, dark eyes, most likely, the pressure is lowered. And if in addition to these symptoms I feel that hands and feet are constantly cold, periodically muscle and joint pain, and unpleasant sensations in the heart and shortness of breath, better confirm his suspicions the doctor with the help of tonometer. Do not wait for the manifestations of the pathological hypotension, which can occur suddenly. And it starts with noise in the ears, headache, weakness, nausea, and in some cases ends up fainting and shock.
3
Low blood pressure is more typical for young people, primarily female, thin, gipodinamiya prone to dieting. However, hypotension may be a leading symptom of certain diseases.
4
High pressure is considered, the indicators of which range from 130/90 mm Hg and above. Physiological pressure increase during physical and mental stress does not cause any changes in the health and quickly recovering. More or less its long-term preservation can be in some diseases of the kidneys, endocrine glands, and brain. In this case, hypertension is only a symptom of these diseases.
5
As an independent disease, hypertension appears abruptly and prolonged increase in pressure. So if you suddenly felt unwell, throbbing, oppressive headache in the occipital region, and thus the feeling of nausea, and in front of my eyes floaters, then most likely, the pressure increased. This condition usually persists up to several days and often associated with exposure to adverse factors. In addition to these signs can cause palpitations and heart pain. The disease progresses gradually numbness of the fingers and toes, hot flashes to the head and dizziness, sleep disturbance, fatigue.
6
Despite all the sensations and presumably abnormal pressure, if you feel unwell go to a more accurate examination. It will help to take further the right direction of treatment.

Advice 2: How to define high blood pressure

The power supply system of diesel engines Common Rail is divided into two stages: low and high pressure. And if the first is intended for uninterrupted supply of diesel to the injection pump from the second operation start up and operation of the motor.
You will need
  • - voltmeter,
  • adapter with the scanner
  • - pressure gauge at 1450 ATM.
Instruction
1
The end point starts low line high pressure, comprising:
- the fuel high-pressure pump (injection pump) with safety valve,
- the fuel high-pressure accumulator (TAVDA) with gauge and valve regulator;
- motor-injectors, plug-in electronic control unit (ECU);
- connecting tubes.
2
Diesel engine, unlike gasoline, is very sensitive to fuel injection. From the correctness of the set ignition timing depend on the main parameters of the motor (power, consumption of diesel fuel, resource). Change the crankshaft position at which the closure of the valve timing and the fuel injection into the cylinder, at least one risk to the "+" or "-", significantly changes the behavior of the power plant.
3
Specialists, fuel equipment, always with special responsibility came to installing fuel pump (fuel pump high pressure), meticulously comparing the torque of the drive clutch in accordance with the angle of start of injection. The Common Rail system has nullified all the efforts of the mechanics, with a mandate to monitor the specified parameters to the electronic control unit of the power plant.
4
Now the only problem when installing the injection pump to the engine is the articulation of the elements of the drive coupling. But the electronics tracks not only the time of the injection, she keeps an eye on the formation of high pressure in the fuel accumulator, on the left side of which is fixed a suitable sensor, sending signals to the ECU.
5
To verify that the system power and measure how high pressure it is necessary to conduct diagnosis. But what about those drivers who have motor refused to run, and the electrician we still have some way to get. To buy a scanner that costs ten thousand roubles and above, and carry it with you? Or buy a manometer and a half thousand atmospheres, the price of which is not below the adapter, turn the adapter to measure high pressure?
6
If you study carefully the documentation on the Common Rail, the output still there. To determine the parameters in TAVDA just attach a voltmeter to the red wire of high pressure sensor, turn ignition on and rotate the engine with the starter.At the time of turning the key to position "II" with the red wire must be removed voltage from 0.00 to 0.07 volts, when the starter this figure should be above 0.5 volts, which indicates the presence of pressures greater than 250 ATM. It is so much required for a successful motor start.
7
If the readings exceed 4.5 volts, which is equal to the pressure in TAVDA 1450 ATM. and above, the ECU instructs the valve controller, and it resets the fuel in the return line.

Advice 3: How headache at low pressure

Headache is one of the accompanying symptoms of hypotension or chronic low blood pressure. Because of the tendency of patients to vertigo and unconscious conditions headache hypotension has its own specifics.
Instruction
1
At low pressure headache may be of different nature. It may be dull and oppressive, and sometimes paroxysmal and throbbing. A characteristic feature of headaches with low pressure – its moderate severity. Most often this pain occurs as a consequence of physical fatigue or after morning awakening.
2
Headache has no specific location. Sometimes it covers the entire head, sometimes manifested more clearly in any particular region of the skull. May be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, fainting.
3
Specifics of headaches hypotension is determined by the changes of the tone of blood vessels. According to research, when you change the position of the body in patients, there have been sharp fluctuations in blood pressure.
4
For pressure stabilization, the patient is recommended to regularly consuming caffeine in moderate doses. Can be used as drugs, small amounts of alcohol.
5
Sometimes frequent headaches hypotension can indicate the development of migraine. In this case, the pain attacks occur for no apparent reason. The attack begins early in the day with nervousness and irritability, before my eyes appear glowing terms.
6
After a certain point of the skull causes pain, most often in the frontal or temporal lobe. In rare cases, the pain has no clear localization. The pain may radiate to the back or jaw, it is intense and is of a throbbing character.
7
Migraine blood vessels can narrow and expand. Depending on this, the patient's face becomes red or pale. There are nausea, vomiting, discomfort in the heart, intolerance to bright light and loud sounds.
8
Such an attack lasts for several hours, he often stopped during sleep. The rest of the time the person feels absolutely fine.

Advice 4: Does the pressure in your sleep

One of the most important indicators of the cardiovascular system is blood pressure. Studies have shown that pressure along with other physiological parameters, changes during daily activity and sleep.
Instruction
1
The studies of diurnal blood pressure was found that fluctuations in healthy individuals with age 20-60 l, can be not less than 20% of its normal value. In the daytime it increases to 20-30 mm Hg.St, and at night is reduced by 10-20 mm of mercury.St. Exceeding these levels is evidence of a developing pathology. Diurnal variation in blood pressure due to the circadian rhythm of cyclical fluctuations in the intensity of biological processes associated with the change of day and night.
2
The majority of people adheres to a regular routine, so the appearance of the peak and decline of the circadian rhythm during the day is a predictable and natural phenomenon. The rhythm in blood pressure has two phases with the highest values of the day and a clear decrease in the sleep period. The lowest pressures observed in the interval from 0 to 4 hours. in the morning, then increasing its level before the awakening (5-6 hours). To 10-11 hours. the pressure reaches a more stable daily values. During the day 2 reveal pronounced peak enlarge: morning (9-10 hours.) and evening (about 19 hours).
3
Changing the pressure of a night associated with the stages of sleep. In particular, the pressure decrease of about 3 hours. the night is due to a deep phase, constituting 75-80% of total sleep time. In the 2nd half of the night in humans is dominated by superficial sleep combined with intermittent periods of waking up. The increase in pressure at this time is 5% of the average. The most pronounced increase in pressure from 4 hours to 10-11 hours. It is indicated for healthy individuals, however, too high values are a sign of hypertension. The period is characterized by increased physiological activity of the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for vasoconstriction and increased heart rate.
4
During the day there are also irregular changes in pressure which are accidental. They're influenced by external factors: the environmental conditions, the position of the body, the physical exercises, Smoking, individual characteristics of the organism (gender, age, personality type, family background, mood, etc.), food composition, consumption of salt, caffeine containing drinks (coffee, tea), alcohol. Irregular changes in blood pressure aimed at maintaining blood flow at a sufficient level.

Advice 5: What blood pressure is worse for the heart - high or low

To measure blood pressure is very important, especially when deterioration of General health. If you know your normal values, you can determine any deviations. However, many people still don't know how much pressure to human body is dangerous, so meet inaccurate arguments.
Unfortunately, hypertension is a common diagnosis. Poorly functioning blood vessels – the culprits of many ailments. It turns out that the world is divided into hypertensive and hypotensive, and everyone has their own methods of dealing with the trouble: someone in the pharmaceutical to tell you to drain the stack of brandy, and someone will tell you about the miraculous Valerian.

Norm and insignificant deviation from it



Worldwide recognition is considered normal blood pressure is 80 over 120. But scientists began to argue hotly about this, and decided to investigate further. They took part men and women of all ages.


Thanks to the experience of pressure measurement and communication about the health of the subjects, came to the conclusion that fluctuations of 20 units lower heart rate still can not be called a disease. Such people have not detected any deviations in the work of the heart vessels.


On approval of the same group of experimenters, for people over 45 years increasing the top rate of 20 units does not increase the risk of acute heart failure in the vessels. Guided by the foregoing, American cardiologists were asked to recognize the normal pressure of 100 to 140.

Dangerous signal for the heart



Even healthy people can be noted that during the day the pressure slightly changes their performance. To end nature of hypotension, unfortunately, not been studied. The main cause is a disruption in the work unit that is responsible for the regulation of vascular tone. The disease may develop as a consequence of infectious diseases, for example, a severe case of the flu, sores or due to deficiency.


More likely to suffer from ailments associated with low pressure, middle-aged people and young people. Then quite often hypotension "transformered" in hypertension, blood vessels are clogged and unhealthy, the walls appear cholesterol.


For a long time it was believed that only pressure "Hyper" is dangerous for the heart because of increased blood flow, means increased load on the heart muscle, and this has a negative effect. Therefore, people with high levels often suffer from heart disease, and the risk of heart attack or stroke, increases. Sad as it may sound, vascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world.


Pay attention to your health, proper nutrition and proper sleep, more walk in the fresh air and let the unpleasant symptoms of pressure changes do not disturb your heart.
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