You will need
- - seedling boxes;
- the soil for tomatoes;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - pegs;
- - twine:
- - fertilizer.
For growing an early crop of tomatoes in the greenhouse sow the seeds in February-March. For this you will need grow boxes and soil, which can be purchased at the store or prepare it yourself in the fall. Just be sure in both cases, the soil treat vapor, then it will die pathogens of plants and larvae of pests.
Take care with seedlings, be sure to fertilize it, and when will heat transfer to the greenhouse, let the seedlings get used to the lighting, temperature and humidity. After 3-5 days you can plant it in the soil of the greenhouse.
Prepare the soil for growing tomatoes since the autumn - dig and make humus and ash. Again in the spring dig and make a well in the row of holes staggered in two rows at a distance of 50-60 cm More rows is not necessary, because the tomatoes would be inconvenient to care for, and dense planting will bring a big harvest, but on the contrary - it will reduce. Pour each well pink solution of manganese. Planted in each hole, one plant (deep is not necessary), but if you have an elongated seedling, planted it in the slope, sinking in the ground part of the stem. Pour.
Stick near each plant to the stake about a meter long, tie him to a soft twine stem. Further care for the tomatoes - just water them and remove all the shoots when they reach 4-5 cm If the tomatoes you are growing tall varieties, tie their growth to the outstretched along the ceiling of the greenhouse wire.
To grow a good crop of tomatoes in the greenhouse, you need to periodically tap on the stems. Pollen will strahovatsya pistil and the ovaries to produce more. During this period you need to hold the fertilizer potash fertilizers. Repeat the feeding after 10 days. When the first fruits grows up, tear off all the leaves below the first brush.
In time to collect red tomatoes, then the new will ripen faster. Closer to fall tear off all the flowers and presidnete growth point. New ovaries you no longer need, and the formed faster will be ready. For the zone of the Urals and Siberia do it at the end of August. In Central Russia a bit later. But if you have a heated greenhouse, choose a time for this manipulation yourself.
Advice 2: How to get a good crop of tomatoes
Tomatoes – it is a culture, in the cultivation which it is necessary to observe some rules. Only in this case it is possible to obtain a rich harvest.
You will need
- - ammonium nitrate;
- - superphosphate;
- - potassium sulfate;
- - boric acid.
Promptly fertilize the tomatoes. If you grow them through seedlings first feed necessary to carry out, after 12-14 days after the formation on plants of the first sheet. The next time the tomatoes should be fed for 10 days before transplanting to a permanent place.
For fertilizer prepare a mixture of 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfate, then dilute it in 10 liters of water. Fertilize the plants in the morning, pre-watering them. Then sprinkle the tomatoes clean water to wash away the remains of any application.
During cloudy weather at flowering tomatoes bad tie fruit, because the pollen becomes sticky and pollination does not take place. To improve the process of setting, treat plants with a 0.02% solution of boric acid.
Watering tomatoes need not often, but plentiful. To Bush tomatoes have grown well and developed regularly Spud and loosen soil between rows.
Growing tomatoes, do not use as fertilizer fresh manure. Otherwise, they will begin active growth of laterals, the formation of large leaves, thicker stems, but the fruit will be bad, and tied to grow slowly.
Advice 3: How to accelerate the ripening of tomatoes in the greenhouse
Tomatoes belong to the heat-loving plants, so full of ripening fruit, they need a sufficient amount of solar heat and light. In the middle zone of Russia and its Northern regions, the tomatoes do not always have time to grow in the greenhouse. In order to speed up the process of ripening on the Bush at the gardeners there are several proven ways.
One of the most important conditions for the rapid ripening of tomatoes – well-formed bushes. The denser foliage on the tomatoes, the more power you consume the plant for their own development and growth. To get a quick crop, it is necessary to cut all superfluous shoots and suckers. In addition, it is recommended to pinch off the tops of tomatoes on the Central stem (this is usually done on the third brush with the colors). So all the forces of Bush will aim to ensure the growth and ripening of the fruit.
To speed up the ripening of tomatoes helps removing immature, but brownish or pinkish fruits. They can ripen in a warm and dry place, and the remaining tomatoes will be better supplied with juices and have time to get in shape.
To accelerate the ripening of tomatoes should cease fertilizing with mineral fertilizers and intensive irrigation since the second decade of July. In such tough conditions, the plant starts faster to give a good crop.
If on shrubs and fruit of tomatoes appeared the first signs of late blight, they can be treated with saline. This procedure will save the tomatoes, speeding up their maturation. To receive funds, mix 100 grams of large salt per quart of water. This solution treat affected plants. The leaves after spraying will turn yellow and cease to grow, and the fruit covered with a salt film which will protect them from illness and allow to ripen completely.
At the St. Petersburg University of food technologies was studied following the method of ripening tomatoes. Green tomatoes that have reached the desired size, made injections of ethanol (plain vodka), 0.5 ml of one fruit. After 10-12 days all the "prick" of the pieces had red or orange color. Studies have confirmed that this procedure did not adversely affect flavor and vitamin content in the fruit, so it can be used as one of the variants of ripening tomatoes in the greenhouse.