Advice 1: How to grow tomatoes

Tomatoes is a tasty and healthy vegetables. They contain lots of vitamins C, PP, A. as well as sugar and mineral matter. Even in Central you can get a good crop of tomatoes if you grow them according to the rules.
How to grow tomatoes
Instruction
1
You first need to March to sow tomato seeds into seedlings. Seeds are sown in seedling boxes filled with a special soil mixture, and sprinkle with a layer of humus 1-1. 5 cm After planting should be watered the ground and cover the boxes with plastic wrap. When tomatoes sprout, the film should open. After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings should be thinned to seat them in a separate container. Before the seedlings will be planted in the ground, it is necessary 3-4 times to be fed a special fertilizer.
How to grow tomatoes
2
When will be warm – it usually occurs in early June, no earlier than 5-10 numbers that you need to prepare the beds for tomatoes. The best soil for tomatoes - sandy loam or light loam, not sour. The beds should be dug, fertilized with mineral fertilizers and manure. If you are going to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse and not in the open ground, the landing can be produced early in may.
How to grow tomatoes
3
Plant the seedlings need at the distance of 60 cm between rows and 30 cm between plants in rows. These are the rules for early ripening, low-growing varieties. For tall varieties need other distances 70 and 50 cm, respectively. Before planting it is necessary to make furrows and cover them with water. Seedlings should be planted in cloudy weather or at night. If plants stretch, they have to put inclined, but do not bury in soil. After planting, tomatoes should be watered and mulch with humus.
How to grow tomatoes
4
Tomatoes should be tied to pegs-supports. The soil under tomatoes it is necessary to regularly rake and weed the weeds. Tomatoes up, when they grow up. Watering tomatoes need at least once a week, pour the water at the root. 4-5 times a season the plants should pasynkovat: remove all shoots emerging from buds in the leaf axils on the main stem. Have fruit bushes need prischipnut tops over 3-4 brushes.
How to grow tomatoes
5
Remove the tomatoes from the branches, okay. When they are still green or slightly white. Otherwise, they will be amazed late blight. Harvesting is performed at a temperature not below 8 degrees of heat. Then they put the house to ripen at a temperature of 20-25 degrees. Can be put in a box of tomatoes ripe banana, they will ripen faster.
How to grow tomatoes

Advice 2: Why blackened green tomatoes

Black spots on green tomatoes is one of the common problems gardeners. Affected fruits are not fit for human consumption. Have this trouble, there are many reasons for the occurrence.
Why blackened green tomatoes



Blackening tomatoes can trigger the usual rot, lack or excess fertilizer, excess moisture, and pests of plants. With proper care and timely treatment can save the tomatoes from this scourge.

The first step is to determine the cause of the black spots. If the black is spreading around the tomato, and the flesh underneath it's always solid and devoid of juice, then the dry plant was struck by apical rot. She appears in the excessive salinization of the soil, what happens when you make large amounts of fertilizer. The solution is simple: you need to stop feeding. In addition, the rot may appear when the lack of calcium. In this case, you can spray the tomatoes with a solution of calcium nitrate.

Tomatoes can turn black and because of the very dry soil and the so-called "vylezanija" roots to the surface. Tomatoes in this case will be hard to absorb moisture from the air that usually occurs unevenly. Hence the fruits to bruise.

The cause of the black on tomatoes may be a shortage of minerals, such as magnesium and boron. In this situation, you can make fertilizing plants with a solution of magnesium sulfate and boric acid.

Most often the tomatoes are covered with black spots due to a disease called late blight. It affects not only the fruits but also the stems and leaves of tomato. Development of Phytophthora contributes to the greater humidity, rapid temperature fluctuations, cold dew and frequent morning fogs and a little distance among the bushes. Such weather conditions are usually in August, just at the ripening period of tomatoes. If in your area the humidity is always high, should be preventively sprayed the tomatoes with Bordeaux liquid.

In addition, tomatoes can turn black due to industrial emissions. This is not insured by any gardener, the site of which is near any plant. Regardless of the reasons for the emergence of black spots, always remove affected fruits. Amazed by the green parts of plants are best to burn.


Advice 3: How to water tomatoes in the greenhouse

When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse it is very important to organize watering plants. You need to know features of the structure of the root system of tomatoes. These plants are quite picky, but with proper care, under greenhouse conditions, they are able to give a great harvest in any, even the most harsh region of Russia.
How to water tomatoes in the greenhouse
You will need
  • Capacity for irrigation, organic and mineral fertilizers for tomatoes.
Instruction
1
For watering tomatoes in the greenhouse should not use cold water. It is a stress for plants. Water is best prepared in advance. Let it heat up in the sun. Convenient to install in the greenhouse a special container for the water, then the temperature of the run will be optimal.
2
Pour the tomatoes in the greenhouse should not be too often. The fact is that tomatoes don't like excessive moisture. They have a pivotal root system, leaving deep enough into the soil, it allows plants to find moisture even when the top layer of soil seems completely dry. Convenient to water tomatoes once a week or less, better to do it in the evening.
3
Tomatoes in the greenhouse can be watered directly at the root. These plants do not tolerate moisture on leaves and stems. To improve the efficiency of irrigation is recommended to protect each plant so-called tree trunks circle with a small depression near the stem. This creates a kind of hole which is very convenient to do the watering.
4
On one plant the tomatoes in the greenhouse you must use five to ten gallons of water. The hole will allow the moisture to spread on the soil surface, and the entire amount of watering will get the plant. In order to reduce evaporation and to reduce the amount of watering, many growers use the mulching. As mulch you can use compost, weeds, and even paper.
5
Watering tomatoes in the greenhouse is convenient to combine with dressing. You can alternate organic and mineral drugs. As organic fertilizer is preferable to use the infusion of bird droppings. Tomato plants really respond positively to such watering. It is possible to use granular fertilizers. In this case, they scattered in basal wells in small portions or mixed with mulch. When watering, the granules are gradually destroyed, and tomatoes get the necessary moisture and nutrients.

Advice 4: When to plant tomatoes in the ground

To get the perfect crop of tomatoes you need to grow or buy good seedlings, but to plant it in the ground at the right time. Too early planting tomatoes can die at the slightest frost, and when late you can never wait for the harvest.
When to plant tomatoes in the ground
Instruction
1
The sowing time of tomato seedlings depend on how you plan to grow them in open field or protected, i.e. the greenhouse. For open ground, the optimal planting time is late March — early April. And respectively for growing tomatoes in the greenhouse you need to plant the plants a little earlier, in the early to mid — March.
2
Another important factor to consider when sowing seeds, is the period of fruit ripening. There are early, mid and late varieties and hybrids of tomatoes. To get an earlier crop, sow early-ripening varieties of tomatoes, when it must be done a little sooner than other varieties of tomatoes.
3
Optimum age of seedlings for planting in the ground 60 to 65 days. During this time plants have to ramp up sufficient herbage, stem become stronger.
4
When growing tomatoes in greenhouses, seedlings, you can start planting in the greenhouse in early may, provided that the soil is sufficiently warmed.
5
2 weeks prior to planting, the soil in the greenhouse you need to prepare. Dig up the soil and make it humus, urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride.
6
Dig the hole, pour them. Remove the tomato seedlings from the pots in which it is grown. Tear off the bottom leaves and position the plant in the hole and backfill with soil. If the seedlings are too stretched, raise it obliquely, leaving on the surface 3-4 of the sheet.
7
In may there are night frosts. The weather for the day is often cool. To protect the tomatoes in the greenhouse, cover them with a layer of nonwoven material. It can be removed at the end of may — beginning of June, when warm weather will be established.
8
When growing tomatoes outdoors, they are planted in the first week of June. Planting should be done on a cloudy day in the morning or evening in the same way as in the greenhouse.
9
It so happens that the tomato plants not getting enough light and nutrients. It begins to extend. Plants getting crowded on the windowsill. In this case, you can make a hotbed. This is the frame of bars, which is covered with film.
10
A hotbed of tomatoes can be planted in mid-may. In case of possible frost should be covered with rags, old carpets, paths and so on, i.e. all those that are on hand. In the open ground plants from the nursery should be planted in early June.

Advice 5: How to plant tomatoes in Central

The choice of varieties of tomatoes for the middle band is great. Lovers of exotic will be interesting to fruit pink, beige, orange, black colors, which are different to the original form. The followers varieties are time-tested, too, will choose interesting options.
How to plant tomatoes in Central

High and medium grade



Think about where it will grow tomatoes. If in this global structure, like a greenhouse, you can plant indeterminate instances. They rush up to 1.5-2.5 meters. Low greenhouse feel good seedsi-determinate varieties, with a height of 50-150 cm of open ground suitable precocious and those that have resistance to late blight.

Plant in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, glass, "Bull's heart". This sort of time-tested. The fruit is red, meaty and very large. If you want novelty, then you can buy seeds Solovieva heart." The fruits are also very large in size, but have a pink-raspberry color.

In a tall building perfectly grow indeterminate tomatoes carpal type. The main thing is to tie them to the support, and grows to the ceiling of the greenhouse. Put "Japanese truffles. The fruit of this tomato have good taste and decorative. They are not very large, pear-shaped, are black and yellow in color. They are easy to preserve, as pomodorini easily fit through the neck of the banks.

By the way, the fruits of sunlight is rich in vitamin C. Therefore find a place in the greenhouse or a greenhouse for "Persimmon", "Orange". It is called so varieties of tomatoes orange. Fruit rather large, roundish in shape, sweet in taste.

Medium "Black Prince" has been popular for several decades. Compared to him "Negro" – a fairly new variety, but also grown in the middle lane. In appearance and taste it is very similar to his older brother.

Variety of tomatoes for the middle band "Golden drop" early maturing, resistant to late blight, so it can be put not only under the shelter but in the open ground. The plant becomes high, Bush needed backup. If you plant next to a few copies, and soon they form protonotary, very showy hedge.

Cherry tomatoes and Banana



To grow in the middle lane cherry tomatoes are not only possible, but necessary. Their sweet fruit is very good with children. Cherry are not only traditionally red, but also yellow, pink. Plant variety is "Golden cherry" and the tall, slender brushes are strewn with small, but sweet and fragrant fruit. "Cherry red" will spoil the fruit scarlet.

Varieties belonging to the group "cherry", encouraging resistance to late blight, which most of the crop of tomatoes in open ground dies in August. This group include: "Sunny Bunny", "Black cherry". Tomatoes cherry White currant fruit cream color.

Tomato Banana has an elongated conical shape. It is likely to adopt sweet pepper as a ripe fruit gets red and looks similar to this vegetable. Plant this new variety, and you will not regret it.

Advice 6: All about tomatoes: how to grow

Tomato is in many ways unique vegetable, because the content of various nutrients beats all records. Regular consumption of tomatoes in food is a powerful shield, preventing the risk of many diseases.
Tomatoes
Growing tomatoes in his backyard – not an easy process. In order to grow a rich harvest, you must have an idea about proper preparation of soil; formation of bushes; diseases that affect the plant; watering and fertilizing. In each of these moments will be staying separately.

Soil and preparation for planting



To prepare the area designated for planting tomatoes, should have in the fall. The soil in this area should be generously enriched with nutrients by adding a lot of garden compost, crushed egg shells and wood ash. These substances are necessary for intensive growth of seedlings.

In the spring, immediately before planting the seedlings, in the area enriched with the fall of ground, you should set props. As props you can use wooden posts, with a height of half to two meters.
Backups need to dig into the ground in neat rows, and then pull the twine between them. After planting seedlings, it is necessary to carefully tie the twine.

The formation of the Bush



The correct formation of the Bush depends on how rich will be the harvest. In order to form a Bush, needed at the plant to remove lower leaves up to each ovary. Thus, the young plants will be 3-4 sheet, which will be enough for food and photosynthesis.

It is important to know that pruning leaves is recommended only for plants grown in medium and Northern latitudes. In hot climates to do the pruning is not necessary, because the sheets needed to protect the plants from strong sunlight and excessive heat.

Diseases and pests



Tomato – South, respectively, and heat-loving plant. Grows in middle and Northern latitudes, it becomes susceptible to many diseases: late blight, fungal lesions, apical rot, tobacco mosaic and others. The most important enemies trudging tomatoes – rain, damp and lack of heat.

In order to protect the plants from the above mentioned diseases, observe the following rules:

- for seedlings you should use only those varieties that are resistant to disease;

- not recommended to plant tomatoes near potatoes;

- requires regular weeding of the bushes;

- pruning and shaping the shrub can be produced only when the plant dries up after a rain.

The most well-known pests of tomato twine, which, if possible, to destroy: snails, caterpillars, Colorado beetles, woodlice.

Watering and fertilizing



Tomatoes should be watered abundantly, but not often. Watering should be done only at the root, and try to avoid getting water on the trunk and stems, as this can cause fungal diseases. If you water the plant too often and rapidly, the fruit will have a watery taste.

In order to harvest pleased, tomatoes should be fed by special fertilizers. Such fertilizers can be bought in any store of the type "gardening". Preference should be given to fertilizing with a high potassium content.

Advice 7: How pasynkovat tomatoes in open field and greenhouse

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is the removal of superfluous lateral shoots from the Bush. Timely and proper formation of tomato in open soil and in the greenhouse, will allow the plant to direct its energies to fruition. Otherwise, a tomato plant will grow green excess weight and will not have time to form fruit.
How pasynkovat tomatoes

 

Do I have to pasynkovat tomatoes

Side-shoot removing is considered an important farming techniques for tomatoes. If not to form, of the abundant harvest can not think.

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is held for the following purposes:

  • Improvement of the lighting conditions in space.
  • The increased power of the fruit.
  • Lengthening the timing of fruiting.
  • Speeding up ripening.
  • The probability of full ripening tomatoes on the vine.

The basic rules of pinching

To produce side-shoot removing must, given the variety of tomato, the characteristics of growth and development. But there are a few recommendations suitable for all without exception types - indeterminate and determinate, ground and greenhouse. Only when these conditions are met, remove side shoots will produce results:

  • The formation should begin only after all the bushes stronger, will be hard to grow. Remove the shoots just when the length does not exceed 5 cm.
  • To begin the formation of a Bush preferably in the morning.
  • To continue the work of cleaning the shoots need throughout the summer season.

If the formation comes in 3 stems retained the basic escape and 2 lower stepson, 2 barrel - stored main escape bottom escape under the 1st inflorescence, 1 barrel - retain only the main stalk.

How to determine how many stems to leave? This number will tell you the preferred variety of the plant.

Схема пасынкование томатов в теплице

To obtain the most early of the fruit you want to pick a low-growing determinate varieties. They need to keep 1 or 2 of the stem. In this case, the tomatoes will begin to ripen in the first 3-5 hands.

Determinant tomatoes are distinguished by the fact that complete their growth in result of setting a certain number of brushes. Determinantal varieties are divided into superdeterminant - very early, usually do not require pinching, and just the determinant, which have to form, eliminating unwanted stepchildren. Have determinantal varieties 1 flower brush is formed after 5-7 leaves, new brushes are put every 2 sheets.

Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes differ unlimited growth of the main stem. In terms of heated greenhouses and in warmer climes, these plants have a chance to grow, bringing 40-50 harvest brushes. This sort is strongly recommended to shape. They have removed all stepchildren and lead into a single stem. From indeterminate varieties first brush is formed after 9 sheet, new brushes are put through 3 sheets.

Remove side shoots of indeterminate cultivars

Tomatoes in the greenhouse are formed much faster than in the open ground. Stepchild they have before beginning to be laid floral brush. In this case, power plants are spent on the growth of the total mass of the leaves and stems, not the plant. Certainly need to remove side shoots during the summer season, in order to get a harvest, not only attractive, but completely useless bushes.

In tall varieties, it is recommended to leave a single stem, removing all suckers. Leave only small stumps 1 cm.

Side-shoot removing determinantal varieties

Determinate varieties usually form a 2 barrel. In the formation of the Bush in two stems to leave 4 to 8 brushes. In this embodiment, the fruits are bound to be not only numerous, but also ripe.

In what period and how to pasynkovat tomatoes

Proceed pasynkovat most varieties of tomatoes should be in a flowering period 1 floral brush. The periodicity of not less than 1 time in 10 days. Work must be carried out accurately and quickly.

The most common method of pinching the tomato is the breaking of the shoots by hand. The operation is preferably handled with gloves. Side-shoot removing is usually carried out in the morning, during this period, the stems break off easily.

You can also pasynkovat tomatoes with a knife or scissors. Blade cutting tool must be sharpened.

Competent remove side shoots of tomatoes gives you the opportunity not to increase the green mass, and a fairly good quality crop of the fruit. Thus all the tomatoes are well filled and healthy.

 

 

Advice 8: Do I need to hill tomatoes

On the usefulness of the earthing up of plants is known for a lot, for example, it helps the root system to settle down to the plant to grow faster and develop better. However, not everyone knows which plants in the garden are subject to mandatory hilling, and which need only loosen.
Do I need to hill tomatoes

Do I need to hill tomatoes

If you are thinking whether you should Spud the tomatoes, then the answer is definitely "Yes". Many growers noted that the hilling of these plants significantly impact on their development, and only for the better. For example, the stems of the tomatoes become thicker and stronger which allows nutrients to reach the appointed place (the fruit) is much faster and in larger sizes, and the strength of stalks and increases the tomatoes easily handle even large fruits. After earthing up around the stems of the tomatoes are formed small grooves, which during irrigation or rain water accumulates (it gives additional nutrition to the plant until the next watering). In addition, the ridging is a kind of loosening. Such procedures facilitate the flow of air into the soil, saturate it with oxygen, and as a result hilling destroyed the superficial crust already does not contribute to the delay of moisture at the roots of plants, saving tomatoes from podgnivaniju roots.

As Spud tomatoes

To properly Spud tomatoes, you need to purchase a special rake or hoe for hilling these plants. Once the tool is available, and after transplanting of seedlings will take place not less than ten days, you can start hilling. To do this in the morning or evening, pour the plants, wait for some time (at least hours), then gently, in any case not touching the roots of the tomatoes, hoe Pogrebite the soil from both sides of the plants to the stems. The optimum height of the seeding is seven to eight centimeters. Over time hilling the tomatoes need to be repeated. To find out whether it's time to hill the plants a second time, just look at their stalk: slight bluish color at the bottom - the first positive sign.

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