Advice 2: How pasynkovat tomatoes in open field and greenhouse
Do I have to pasynkovat tomatoes
Side-shoot removing is considered an important farming techniques for tomatoes. If not to form, of the abundant harvest can not think.
Remove side shoots of tomatoes is held for the following purposes:
- Improvement of the lighting conditions in space.
- The increased power of the fruit.
- Lengthening the timing of fruiting.
- Speeding up ripening.
- The probability of full ripening tomatoes on the vine.
The basic rules of pinching
To produce side-shoot removing must, given the variety of tomato, the characteristics of growth and development. But there are a few recommendations suitable for all without exception types - indeterminate and determinate, ground and greenhouse. Only when these conditions are met, remove side shoots will produce results:
- The formation should begin only after all the bushes stronger, will be hard to grow. Remove the shoots just when the length does not exceed 5 cm.
- To begin the formation of a Bush preferably in the morning.
- To continue the work of cleaning the shoots need throughout the summer season.
If the formation comes in 3 stems retained the basic escape and 2 lower stepson, 2 barrel - stored main escape bottom escape under the 1st inflorescence, 1 barrel - retain only the main stalk.
How to determine how many stems to leave? This number will tell you the preferred variety of the plant.
To obtain the most early of the fruit you want to pick a low-growing determinate varieties. They need to keep 1 or 2 of the stem. In this case, the tomatoes will begin to ripen in the first 3-5 hands.
Determinant tomatoes are distinguished by the fact that complete their growth in result of setting a certain number of brushes. Determinantal varieties are divided into superdeterminant - very early, usually do not require pinching, and just the determinant, which have to form, eliminating unwanted stepchildren. Have determinantal varieties 1 flower brush is formed after 5-7 leaves, new brushes are put every 2 sheets.
Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes differ unlimited growth of the main stem. In terms of heated greenhouses and in warmer climes, these plants have a chance to grow, bringing 40-50 harvest brushes. This sort is strongly recommended to shape. They have removed all stepchildren and lead into a single stem. From indeterminate varieties first brush is formed after 9 sheet, new brushes are put through 3 sheets.
Remove side shoots of indeterminate cultivars
Tomatoes in the greenhouse are formed much faster than in the open ground. Stepchild they have before beginning to be laid floral brush. In this case, power plants are spent on the growth of the total mass of the leaves and stems, not the plant. Certainly need to remove side shoots during the summer season, in order to get a harvest, not only attractive, but completely useless bushes.
In tall varieties, it is recommended to leave a single stem, removing all suckers. Leave only small stumps 1 cm.
Side-shoot removing determinantal varieties
Determinate varieties usually form a 2 barrel. In the formation of the Bush in two stems to leave 4 to 8 brushes. In this embodiment, the fruits are bound to be not only numerous, but also ripe.
In what period and how to pasynkovat tomatoes
Proceed pasynkovat most varieties of tomatoes should be in a flowering period 1 floral brush. The periodicity of not less than 1 time in 10 days. Work must be carried out accurately and quickly.
The most common method of pinching the tomato is the breaking of the shoots by hand. The operation is preferably handled with gloves. Side-shoot removing is usually carried out in the morning, during this period, the stems break off easily.
You can also pasynkovat tomatoes with a knife or scissors. Blade cutting tool must be sharpened.
Competent remove side shoots of tomatoes gives you the opportunity not to increase the green mass, and a fairly good quality crop of the fruit. Thus all the tomatoes are well filled and healthy.
Advice 3: Do I need to hill tomatoes
Do I need to hill tomatoes
If you are thinking whether you should Spud the tomatoes, then the answer is definitely "Yes". Many growers noted that the hilling of these plants significantly impact on their development, and only for the better. For example, the stems of the tomatoes become thicker and stronger which allows nutrients to reach the appointed place (the fruit) is much faster and in larger sizes, and the strength of stalks and increases the tomatoes easily handle even large fruits. After earthing up around the stems of the tomatoes are formed small grooves, which during irrigation or rain water accumulates (it gives additional nutrition to the plant until the next watering). In addition, the ridging is a kind of loosening. Such procedures facilitate the flow of air into the soil, saturate it with oxygen, and as a result hilling destroyed the superficial crust already does not contribute to the delay of moisture at the roots of plants, saving tomatoes from podgnivaniju roots.
As Spud tomatoes
To properly Spud tomatoes, you need to purchase a special rake or hoe for hilling these plants. Once the tool is available, and after transplanting of seedlings will take place not less than ten days, you can start hilling. To do this in the morning or evening, pour the plants, wait for some time (at least hours), then gently, in any case not touching the roots of the tomatoes, hoe Pogrebite the soil from both sides of the plants to the stems. The optimum height of the seeding is seven to eight centimeters. Over time hilling the tomatoes need to be repeated. To find out whether it's time to hill the plants a second time, just look at their stalk: slight bluish color at the bottom - the first positive sign.