Advice 2: Why blackened green tomatoes
Blackening tomatoes can trigger the usual rot, lack or excess fertilizer, excess moisture, and pests of plants. With proper care and timely treatment can save the tomatoes from this scourge.
The first step is to determine the cause of the black spots. If the black is spreading around the tomato, and the flesh underneath it's always solid and devoid of juice, then the dry plant was struck by apical rot. She appears in the excessive salinization of the soil, what happens when you make large amounts of fertilizer. The solution is simple: you need to stop feeding. In addition, the rot may appear when the lack of calcium. In this case, you can spray the tomatoes with a solution of calcium nitrate.
Tomatoes can turn black and because of the very dry soil and the so-called "vylezanija" roots to the surface. Tomatoes in this case will be hard to absorb moisture from the air that usually occurs unevenly. Hence the fruits to bruise.
The cause of the black on tomatoes may be a shortage of minerals, such as magnesium and boron. In this situation, you can make fertilizing plants with a solution of magnesium sulfate and boric acid.
Most often the tomatoes are covered with black spots due to a disease called late blight. It affects not only the fruits but also the stems and leaves of tomato. Development of Phytophthora contributes to the greater humidity, rapid temperature fluctuations, cold dew and frequent morning fogs and a little distance among the bushes. Such weather conditions are usually in August, just at the ripening period of tomatoes. If in your area the humidity is always high, should be preventively sprayed the tomatoes with Bordeaux liquid.
In addition, tomatoes can turn black due to industrial emissions. This is not insured by any gardener, the site of which is near any plant. Regardless of the reasons for the emergence of black spots, always remove affected fruits. Amazed by the green parts of plants are best to burn.
Advice 3: How to water tomatoes in the greenhouse
- Capacity for irrigation, organic and mineral fertilizers for tomatoes.
Advice 4: When to plant tomatoes in the ground
Advice 5: How to plant tomatoes in Central
High and medium grade
Think about where it will grow tomatoes. If in this global structure, like a greenhouse, you can plant indeterminate instances. They rush up to 1.5-2.5 meters. Low greenhouse feel good seedsi-determinate varieties, with a height of 50-150 cm of open ground suitable precocious and those that have resistance to late blight.
Plant in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, glass, "Bull's heart". This sort of time-tested. The fruit is red, meaty and very large. If you want novelty, then you can buy seeds Solovieva heart." The fruits are also very large in size, but have a pink-raspberry color.
In a tall building perfectly grow indeterminate tomatoes carpal type. The main thing is to tie them to the support, and grows to the ceiling of the greenhouse. Put "Japanese truffles. The fruit of this tomato have good taste and decorative. They are not very large, pear-shaped, are black and yellow in color. They are easy to preserve, as pomodorini easily fit through the neck of the banks.
By the way, the fruits of sunlight is rich in vitamin C. Therefore find a place in the greenhouse or a greenhouse for "Persimmon", "Orange". It is called so varieties of tomatoes orange. Fruit rather large, roundish in shape, sweet in taste.
Medium "Black Prince" has been popular for several decades. Compared to him "Negro" – a fairly new variety, but also grown in the middle lane. In appearance and taste it is very similar to his older brother.
Variety of tomatoes for the middle band "Golden drop" early maturing, resistant to late blight, so it can be put not only under the shelter but in the open ground. The plant becomes high, Bush needed backup. If you plant next to a few copies, and soon they form protonotary, very showy hedge.
Cherry tomatoes and Banana
To grow in the middle lane cherry tomatoes are not only possible, but necessary. Their sweet fruit is very good with children. Cherry are not only traditionally red, but also yellow, pink. Plant variety is "Golden cherry" and the tall, slender brushes are strewn with small, but sweet and fragrant fruit. "Cherry red" will spoil the fruit scarlet.
Varieties belonging to the group "cherry", encouraging resistance to late blight, which most of the crop of tomatoes in open ground dies in August. This group include: "Sunny Bunny", "Black cherry". Tomatoes cherry White currant fruit cream color.
Tomato Banana has an elongated conical shape. It is likely to adopt sweet pepper as a ripe fruit gets red and looks similar to this vegetable. Plant this new variety, and you will not regret it.
Advice 6: All about tomatoes: how to grow
Soil and preparation for planting
To prepare the area designated for planting tomatoes, should have in the fall. The soil in this area should be generously enriched with nutrients by adding a lot of garden compost, crushed egg shells and wood ash. These substances are necessary for intensive growth of seedlings.
In the spring, immediately before planting the seedlings, in the area enriched with the fall of ground, you should set props. As props you can use wooden posts, with a height of half to two meters.
Backups need to dig into the ground in neat rows, and then pull the twine between them. After planting seedlings, it is necessary to carefully tie the twine.
The formation of the Bush
The correct formation of the Bush depends on how rich will be the harvest. In order to form a Bush, needed at the plant to remove lower leaves up to each ovary. Thus, the young plants will be 3-4 sheet, which will be enough for food and photosynthesis.
It is important to know that pruning leaves is recommended only for plants grown in medium and Northern latitudes. In hot climates to do the pruning is not necessary, because the sheets needed to protect the plants from strong sunlight and excessive heat.
Diseases and pests
Tomato – South, respectively, and heat-loving plant. Grows in middle and Northern latitudes, it becomes susceptible to many diseases: late blight, fungal lesions, apical rot, tobacco mosaic and others. The most important enemies trudging tomatoes – rain, damp and lack of heat.
In order to protect the plants from the above mentioned diseases, observe the following rules:
- for seedlings you should use only those varieties that are resistant to disease;
- not recommended to plant tomatoes near potatoes;
- requires regular weeding of the bushes;
- pruning and shaping the shrub can be produced only when the plant dries up after a rain.
The most well-known pests of tomato twine, which, if possible, to destroy: snails, caterpillars, Colorado beetles, woodlice.
Watering and fertilizing
Tomatoes should be watered abundantly, but not often. Watering should be done only at the root, and try to avoid getting water on the trunk and stems, as this can cause fungal diseases. If you water the plant too often and rapidly, the fruit will have a watery taste.
In order to harvest pleased, tomatoes should be fed by special fertilizers. Such fertilizers can be bought in any store of the type "gardening". Preference should be given to fertilizing with a high potassium content.
Advice 7: How pasynkovat tomatoes in open field and greenhouse
Do I have to pasynkovat tomatoes
Side-shoot removing is considered an important farming techniques for tomatoes. If not to form, of the abundant harvest can not think.
Remove side shoots of tomatoes is held for the following purposes:
- Improvement of the lighting conditions in space.
- The increased power of the fruit.
- Lengthening the timing of fruiting.
- Speeding up ripening.
- The probability of full ripening tomatoes on the vine.
The basic rules of pinching
To produce side-shoot removing must, given the variety of tomato, the characteristics of growth and development. But there are a few recommendations suitable for all without exception types - indeterminate and determinate, ground and greenhouse. Only when these conditions are met, remove side shoots will produce results:
- The formation should begin only after all the bushes stronger, will be hard to grow. Remove the shoots just when the length does not exceed 5 cm.
- To begin the formation of a Bush preferably in the morning.
- To continue the work of cleaning the shoots need throughout the summer season.
If the formation comes in 3 stems retained the basic escape and 2 lower stepson, 2 barrel - stored main escape bottom escape under the 1st inflorescence, 1 barrel - retain only the main stalk.
How to determine how many stems to leave? This number will tell you the preferred variety of the plant.
To obtain the most early of the fruit you want to pick a low-growing determinate varieties. They need to keep 1 or 2 of the stem. In this case, the tomatoes will begin to ripen in the first 3-5 hands.
Determinant tomatoes are distinguished by the fact that complete their growth in result of setting a certain number of brushes. Determinantal varieties are divided into superdeterminant - very early, usually do not require pinching, and just the determinant, which have to form, eliminating unwanted stepchildren. Have determinantal varieties 1 flower brush is formed after 5-7 leaves, new brushes are put every 2 sheets.
Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes differ unlimited growth of the main stem. In terms of heated greenhouses and in warmer climes, these plants have a chance to grow, bringing 40-50 harvest brushes. This sort is strongly recommended to shape. They have removed all stepchildren and lead into a single stem. From indeterminate varieties first brush is formed after 9 sheet, new brushes are put through 3 sheets.
Remove side shoots of indeterminate cultivars
Tomatoes in the greenhouse are formed much faster than in the open ground. Stepchild they have before beginning to be laid floral brush. In this case, power plants are spent on the growth of the total mass of the leaves and stems, not the plant. Certainly need to remove side shoots during the summer season, in order to get a harvest, not only attractive, but completely useless bushes.
In tall varieties, it is recommended to leave a single stem, removing all suckers. Leave only small stumps 1 cm.
Side-shoot removing determinantal varieties
Determinate varieties usually form a 2 barrel. In the formation of the Bush in two stems to leave 4 to 8 brushes. In this embodiment, the fruits are bound to be not only numerous, but also ripe.
In what period and how to pasynkovat tomatoes
Proceed pasynkovat most varieties of tomatoes should be in a flowering period 1 floral brush. The periodicity of not less than 1 time in 10 days. Work must be carried out accurately and quickly.
The most common method of pinching the tomato is the breaking of the shoots by hand. The operation is preferably handled with gloves. Side-shoot removing is usually carried out in the morning, during this period, the stems break off easily.
You can also pasynkovat tomatoes with a knife or scissors. Blade cutting tool must be sharpened.
Competent remove side shoots of tomatoes gives you the opportunity not to increase the green mass, and a fairly good quality crop of the fruit. Thus all the tomatoes are well filled and healthy.
Advice 8: Do I need to hill tomatoes
Do I need to hill tomatoes
If you are thinking whether you should Spud the tomatoes, then the answer is definitely "Yes". Many growers noted that the hilling of these plants significantly impact on their development, and only for the better. For example, the stems of the tomatoes become thicker and stronger which allows nutrients to reach the appointed place (the fruit) is much faster and in larger sizes, and the strength of stalks and increases the tomatoes easily handle even large fruits. After earthing up around the stems of the tomatoes are formed small grooves, which during irrigation or rain water accumulates (it gives additional nutrition to the plant until the next watering). In addition, the ridging is a kind of loosening. Such procedures facilitate the flow of air into the soil, saturate it with oxygen, and as a result hilling destroyed the superficial crust already does not contribute to the delay of moisture at the roots of plants, saving tomatoes from podgnivaniju roots.
As Spud tomatoes
To properly Spud tomatoes, you need to purchase a special rake or hoe for hilling these plants. Once the tool is available, and after transplanting of seedlings will take place not less than ten days, you can start hilling. To do this in the morning or evening, pour the plants, wait for some time (at least hours), then gently, in any case not touching the roots of the tomatoes, hoe Pogrebite the soil from both sides of the plants to the stems. The optimum height of the seeding is seven to eight centimeters. Over time hilling the tomatoes need to be repeated. To find out whether it's time to hill the plants a second time, just look at their stalk: slight bluish color at the bottom - the first positive sign.