You will need
- - pegs;
- - slurry;
- - superphosphate;
- - potassium sulphate.
Start to care for your tomatoes with the appearance of the first sprouts of seedlings. It needs to be watered, but not to fill in, to avoid mold on soil or blackleg can destroy all your efforts. Definitely optinuity after the emergence of the second leaf. While presidnete the root tip, then the seedlings will be stronger.
When you plant the tomatoes in the greenhouse or in the open ground, tie them to pegs. But the knot should not be tight, otherwise it will pull the stem. Be sure to periodically loosen the soil near the stem, watering it appears cork. Water the tomatoes with warm water pooled at the root, not the leaves, in the morning or evening, but not during the day, especially hot. During summer sultry days, you can in addition to spraying, too, in the morning or evening.
Watch for the laterals as soon as they reach 2-4 cm, delete, leaving a small stump of 1 cm. This will prevent the emergence of a new stepson. The lower leaves on the stem, remove when they start to blush in the fruit bottom of the brush. Make tomatoes into a single stem, if you grow tall varieties, and 2 of the stem to Stam.
Feed the tomato slurry after the formation of the first of the ovaries. For this purpose it is dilute with water in proportion of 10 l of water 500 ml of slurry. Now add 1 teaspoon of potassium sulphate and 1 teaspoon of superphosphate. If the soil under the tomatoes poor, the kind of fertilizer do in 3 weeks after transplanting.
For the prevention of late blight swipe in the middle of summer tomatoes spraying 1% Bordeaux liquid or other copper-containing drugs.
To quickly blushed tomatoes new, harvest after the appearance of the fruit brown. In the bathroom, the tomatoes ripen very quickly. If the brush is heavy, additionally tie it up to avoid breaking.
In the middle of August to middle of Russia presidnete the tops of the stems and remove any flowers. This will help to strengthen the growth already started tomatoes. For extra maturation can be a sharp shovel to cut the roots or to half pull out of the ground. At the same time to stop watering. All the tomatoes will turn red in a matter of days, however a little will not gain weight.
After harvest in the greenhouse guide her smudge grey. It will destroy all the pests.
Advice 2: Tomatoes: how to grow your own
Miniature tomatoes , cherry was bred in 1973 in the process of working on slowing the ripening of tomatoes in a hot climate. Tomatoes variety cherry has a more sweet taste and some decorative, they look good in salads and preserves. These vegetables can be grown in open ground and greenhouses, and in the home.
You will need
- - fluorescent lamp;
- - "EPIN-extra";
- - potassium permanganate;
- - sand;
- humus is the earth.
- - complex fertilizer.
For growing at home better suited to low-growing, determinate varieties. The size of their root system will allow plants to feel quite comfortable in a flowerpot or a pot. Preparation of seeds to start in the middle or end of March. Before sowing, it is useful to disinfect the seeds by placing them for fifteen minutes in a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Rinse the treated seeds under running water and dry.
Prepare a solution of four drops of "EPIN-extra" and one hundred milliliters of water. Soak the seeds in this liquid for eighteen hours.
For growing seedlings , tomatoes suitable soil mixture of equal amounts of sand, humus and sod land. Pour this mixture into a suitable container with a layer five or six inches.
Pour the soil and make in it furrows at a distance of about two and a half centimeters from each other. Sow the seeds in these grooves to a depth of half an inch.
Cover the seed container with film and leave in a warm room with temperatures not below twenty degrees.
Once the seeds germinate, move the container on the window sill. The plants do not stretch in a short day, they will require additional lighting. Typically, this use of the fluorescent lamp. Water the seedlings as dry land.
After emergence of the seedlings two or three true leaves, they can dive into individual pots if you're going to transplant tomatoes in the open ground. If the tomatoes will grow in your apartment, immediately to dive down them into larger pots. For this well pour the seedlings before removing them from the earth.
The soil mix from one part compost, one part sand and eight parts of steamed garden soil. Drop into this mixture the seedlings, presernov the roots of a third length. Plants should be sunk into the soil at the cotyledonary leaves.
A week after the transplant, the plants need to feed the solution of the combined fertilizer. Fertilizer "Stimulus" divorced from the calculation of the twenty scales on ten litres of water is quite suitable for this purpose. Feed tomatoes should once in ten days.
Watered the tomatoes twice a week but abundant and warm water. Do it in the morning. Two hours after watering will podrujit the soil and ventilate the room where the plants are.
Undersized tomatoes are grown in two-three stalks. To do this, leave the main stem and a couple stepchildren. The remaining shoots should be removed so as not to get too close to the hive.
To produce a crop of tomatoes, grown indoors, you should use artificial pollination. To do this during flowering every three or four days the plants should gently tap the stem so that the pollen from upper flowers were on the bottom. After pollination tomatoes should be watered.
If you want to get the seeds, choose for this purpose the first large tomato.