The main causes of stone formation include: bile stasis and change its chemical composition in the direction of increase of concentration of salts due to disturbed metabolism. Overeating, starvation diets, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, obesity, hormonal contraceptives, pancreatic disease, pregnancy, biliary dyskinesia is something that can also lead to the formation of stones.
Often the patient is unaware of the disease. During the shaking while driving or due to overeating the stone can go into the bile duct and clog it. It leads to severe pain. In biliary colic the patient should be immediately hospitalized.
It is not necessary to wait for such an outcome. When the first symptoms of the disease should immediately consult a gastroenterologist. If you constantly feel the bitter taste in the mouth, heaviness in the right hypochondrium, belching, nausea, urgent need to pass a medical examination.
To methods of treatment of gallstone disease is therapy prescribed by a doctor in an outpatient setting or surgery when indicated.
Using henodezoksiholevoy and ursodeoxycholic acid can dissolve small cholesterol stones. Unfortunately, the treatment takes at least six years in the future stones are formed again.
If the diameter of stones more than 3 cm, the doctor prescribes ekstrakorporalny shock wave lithotripsy. The stones are crushed into small pieces 1-2 mm in size, and they are independently removed from the body. The procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis.
Surgical treatment is indicated in most cases. Removal of the gallbladder can hold the classical method of cholecystectomy, where the incision of the abdomen and suturing of a sufficiently large size 10-12 cm
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less traumatic surgery performed using special instruments through small holes-the holes in the peritoneum. The recovery period is fairly quick. After 5 days the patient can leave the hospital and another week to get to work.