The name "hepatologist" comes from the Latin hepar, which means liver. In the area of work of the doctor-hepatologist includes diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the liver and biliary system. There are baby Hepatology, versed in the peculiarities of structure and development of the gall bladder and the liver at an early age.
Most often the hepatologist treat people sick with hepatitis. Hepatitis is an inflammatory liver disease caused by infection, prolonged alcohol intoxication or a medication, food or chemical poisoning, infection with parasites. The main symptoms of hepatitis are yellowing of the skin and sclera of the eyes light color stool and dark urine.

However, many liver diseases have similar symptoms of hepatitis. That doctor is a hepatologist on the basis of knowledge in the field of toxicology, of anatomy internal organs, pharmacology and physiology is able to differentiate diseases characterized by pruritus, sleep disorders and fatigue from each other.

Among other diseases with which the patients come to the hepatologist, also: liver cirrhosis, toxoplasmosis, Legionnaires ' disease, gallstones, enteroviral hepatitis, hemochromatosis, Gilbert syndrome, leptospirosis, asthenic-autonomic disorders and others.
If the diagnostics of the disease diagnosed with a malignant tumor of the liver and biliary system, the physician-hepatologist directed the patient for treatment to an oncologist. Illnesses that are diagnosed common disorder of the digestive system, are the basis for referral of the patient to the doctor-gastroenterologist.
When the primary diagnosis by a hepatologist, you will be asked to pass a General analysis of blood and urine and blood chemistry. It is also possible ultrasound and radiological examination of the liver and gallbladder.

Following diagnosis, depending on symptoms can also include: the analysis of feces sterkobilina; analysis of blood to determine the level of erythrocytes and reticulocytes; computed tomography of the liver, magnetic resonance imaging of the liver and gall bladder; blood tests for the presence of herpes, Epstein-Barr, cytomegalovirus; liver biopsy; electroencephalography. And in the case of suspected viral hepatitis group E patient is examined urine and blood for levels of hemoglobin in their composition.