Advice 1: How is Ramadan in Turkey

In Turkey every year is the Holy festival of Ramadan, an occasion for almost all the inhabitants. This centuries-old tradition is observed throughout the Islamic world, but each country celebrates this festival in their own way. In Turkey Ramadan is celebrated particularly bright, it is not only a strict fast, but mutual aid between people, spiritual cleansing, unprecedented generosity, leisure and entertainment.
How is Ramadan in Turkey



Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar consists of twelve lunar months has 354 (355) days. Assuming solar calendar, every year dates in the Muslim calendar moved ten days ahead. This is calculated and the Holy festival of Ramadan.

The main event of the festival – a post which lasts throughout the Holy month, for thirty days. At this time, all Muslims abstain from drinking, eating, medication, Smoking and sex from sunrise to sunset. The evening post is complete, so until the next morning, the Muslims can eat and drink.

During Ramadan, people need to be distracted from the needs and satisfactions of the body, concentrating fully on God and his soul, to learn self-control and patience. The point of the post is also the feeling that you feel poor and hungry and to understand the value of what you have and accept as given.

In Turkey, long before the onset of Ramadan begins preparation for the holiday. First, a General cleaning in offices and homes, shopping for cooking dinner day. This should take into account the situation of the poor, assisted by neighbors, relatives and the state. There are dishes that are unique to Ramadan – pide (flat bread with Nigella), gullac (milk dessert).

For dinner, the breaking of the fast is necessary to invite guests, the doors of houses in the old tradition remain locked in case of arrival of unexpected guests. To supper can suddenly join, regardless of status and religion – an indication that in Turkish society, there is class hatred. Morning of Ramadan begins with a meal before sunrise, that the inhabitants never slept, walking special heralds who greet all the loud songs and fight a big drum.

But not only the service and food are the Holy Ramadan, this festival is also associated with rich cultural life, which is based on the service of the faith and to God. It is worth mentioning Machu – luminous inscriptions are hung between the mosque minarets. They represent the wise words and different pictures, their glitter make the cannon shots that Herald the onset of iftar, so you can start the evening meal.

In the evening people stroll through the city, which hosts several music events, performances and theatrical performances. Shadow theater karagez and Hacivat, traditional street theatre Orta oyunu - it's all very exciting for children and adults. The Turks make every effort to preserve this art in its original and untouched.


Advice 2 : How long is Ramadan

The night of the revelation angel Gabriel (Gabriel) to prophet Muhammad the first revelation of the Qur'an became well-known in the Muslim world as the great Night of power. After that, another twenty-three years Muhammad wrote down the revelations which later made up the Quran – the sacred Scripture for all the faithful Muslims.
How long is Ramadan
A month compulsory for a true Muslim fasting called Ramadan, or Ramazan. Day abstaining from food and doing good deeds prescribed by the Qur'an, which contains the fundamentals of Islam. Five inviolable pillars of Islam, binding on every believer in God, was erected by the revelations of the Vice Mohamedou. Here they are:
Al - shahadat - testimony that Allah is the only God and Mohammed is his prophet;
- As-Salat – five times daily prayer - the Prayer;
- AZ-zakat – alms;
Al - sawm – great post;
- Al-Hajj – the pilgrimage.

The beginning of lent



In a sacred hadith is recorded, how an ordinary person can learn about the beginning of the great Muslim fasting. It begins with the appearance in the sky of a new month on the night of the new moon) and ends when the month will appear again. Its duration is 30 days (one lunar month).

In the Scriptures it is said that it was enough for one person (unless it is a woman) to see new moon and tell the others. Preferably the ruler or his Deputy in the area. Since the beginning of Ramadan is declared by a competent particular in its sole discretion, based either on observation of the phases of the moon, either calculated astronomically, if the moon is in the sky not visible in some circumstances. To confirm the end of the post had the testimony of two men. Thanks to the adopted reference system, the beginning of Ramadan can differ in different countries.

During lent each has attained the prescribed age needs daily to pray, fast, refraining from food, to refuse from intimacy, abuse intoxicants, and other unworthy behaviour from sunrise to sundown, give alms. During this period, ordered to make a pilgrimage to Mecca.

Baraat



Fasting during the month of Ramadan is intended to pacify the desires of the flesh and indulging the desires of the soul. It is now considered most favorable for spiritual attainment and religious insight. Because locked the gates of hell and opened heaven. During this period, there is one special night that gives so many blessings, how much not to and for 1000 months.

Based on the instructions of the sacred texts, this night should be sought in the last 10 days of Ramadan among the odd nights. More precise specification is omitted, so that seeking Allah's grace would not lose vigilance. The Holy night of bara'ah is the culmination of the spiritual feats of man, the result of the observance of all prescribed rules of conduct during lent and throughout the year. The imams constantly urge Muslims not for a moment forget about Allah so as not to resemble the Christians, remember God only during the holidays.
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