At the initial stage of the pathogen is not enough that the person has any symptoms. The only signal indicating the resulting disease is a positive result on tuberculin skin test (Mantoux). Usually in childhood they spend annually.
The first symptoms of tuberculosis is expressed very weakly. Many people can relate to them as a manifestation of a cold. However, after 2-3 weeks after illness, fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, the person has a severe cough. This may depart sputum streaked with blood. However, cough in some cases may never occur. If the above symptoms persist for three to four weeks, you must consult a doctor to diagnose the disease.
Sometimes tuberculosis manifests itself more pronounced. The temperature may rise to 38-39 degrees, there is excessive sweating, especially at night, fever, dry cough, and pain in the chest and under one or both shoulder blades. A sick person feels tired, is pale, may suffer from digestive disorders. But sometimes in such cases people do not seek help from a doctor, citing the flu or bronchitis.
However, in the initial stages of tuberculosis signs it usually is not expressed explicitly, which greatly complicates diagnosis. Therefore, as a prevention adults have once a year chest x-ray examination, and if there was contact with the sick person, often. You need to be attentive to the condition of health and at the slightest suspicion for tuberculosis without delay to consult a doctor.
Advice 2: The first symptoms of tuberculosis
The first manifestation of tuberculosis can be very diverse. Not to confuse tuberculosis with other diseases, it is necessary to know the basic symptoms of this disease.
The primary symptoms of tuberculosis
The primary symptoms of tuberculosis appear when in the human body accumulate enough of the causative agent. At a certain point the immune system begins to actively respond to the infection, as a result, and there are clear signs of the disease. Often the first symptoms of tuberculosis are fatigue, weakness (especially in the morning), decreased performance. Children lag behind in school, lose their appetite, have trouble sleeping. The temperature increase observed in the range of 37-38ос, which often lasts for a long time.
A characteristic symptom of TB is the temperature rise of the body closer to the night, in this time, the patient is also observed chills and active sweating. On this basis, this infection can be distinguished from other diseases. The first symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis include cough. At first it is dry, it is observed exacerbations night and morning. With the further development of the disease the cough becomes wet, there is copious sputum. The presence of this symptom for more than three weeks with the big share of probability testifies to tuberculosis. If along with phlegm during cough stands out fresh blood, it is evidence of infiltrative tuberculosis, and other subtypes of this disease. In the future, may develop pulmonary hemorrhage, in which the patient's bleeding throat. This is a life-threatening condition, in this case, the patient required urgent hospitalization.
Other signs of tuberculosis
With the development of tuberculosis paaseda pain in the shoulders, under the sternum, paleness of the face, digestive disorders, General lowering of tone, pain in the joints. Due to the action of tuberculous toxins on the heart muscle develops palpitations – tachycardia. Observed headache, increase in peripheral lymph nodes.
For detection of the disease is chest x-rays taken tuberculin skin test, is performed to study the blood. Besides the lungs, TB can attack other organs. To establish the fact of infecting the body, it is necessary to exclude diseases with similar symptoms. If tuberculosis is detected early, it is easily treatable. However, the longer the infection is present in the body, the harder it will be with her to handle, in this case, over time, can begin irreversible processes.