You will need
- - tempera paint.
- - the ground;
- - bone or hide glue;
- - gauze;
- - brush;
- - sandpaper.
- - brushes of different thickness.
Board for creating the image should be flat and well drained. The most accessible and easy to handle lime-Board, but often used and conifers, such as pine, spruce or cypress. If there is no chunk of suitable size, pick a few uniform pieces. Adjust them to each other and glue.
Please note that the image is located in the Central part of the icon, which is a natural depression. The recess is called the ark. Field frame stands over him for a few millimeters. For surface treatment, you can use sandpaper. Should not remain visible protrusions or cavities, chips, etc.
Soak the Board mezdrovogo or bone glue. Glue onto it a piece of linen cotton fabric. That is most often found in the outlets, suitable gauze. It needs to be soaked in the glue so she can be impregnated. This fabric is called the canvas. It needs to dry before you begin the next stage.
Prepare the gesso. It is made of pure chalk. It is best to buy it in the store, where they sell the goods for artists. Mel must be sifted and otrocity in the water.
Cook the glue. The technology of preparation of glue of animal origin is about the same. Soak the plate in water glue and allow it to swell. Soak the glue in water for three hours, then put in a water bath. Preheat to approximately 70°C and start slowly pour the chalk. Do not forget to stir the contents of the pan. As a result, you should have something resembling sour cream. This is called "gesso". You can add a little linseed oil or honey.
Allow the primer to stand at room temperature for about a day. Apply a thin layer on the Board with a broad brush. Let the Board dry out and even out the layer of skin. In the same way, apply 10-15 layers. The soil must not be too thick, it is only about a millimeter.
On prepared gesso paint your design. This can be done in two ways. The old school masters painted directly on the Board with charcoal or black paint. If you are not yet so confident in yourself and make a drawing on paper in full size. Computer technology allows even find any icon, enlarge it and print the whole and the parts.
Transfer the image to the Board. You can do this about the same as embroiderers transferred pattern on the fabric. The contours make punctures a few millimeters, place the paper pattern on the Board so as to house the image, and sprinkle on the contour of the graphite powder. You can take a pattern and using carbon paper.
If you decide to draw the image yourself, practice first on a sheet of paper. Draw the frame, in proportions matching the Board. Build the image. It is most convenient to start with a circle. Look at this circle center. Sketch an isosceles triangle with a vertex in the center of the circle. The base of this triangle — the bottom line icons. Its length depends on what image you are going to draw. If it is the virgin, the line will be long, it is necessary to recede a little from the edges of the frame. The initial terms will remain on the finished icon, is a halo.
Mark the main parts. It is the faces and the overall line shape. Please note that the Orthodox icon of children's body proportions are exactly the same as in an adult, that is, the Baby's head is equal to about 1/7 or 1/8 of the length of the body. At this stage the main sketch and the folds of clothing.
Draw eyes, nose and mouth. More accurately draw the folds of clothing and hair. Pay attention to the details, every Saint has its own distinctive characteristics. If the icon sample Holy holds some object, it must be in your drawing.
Paint the image. Use tempera paints. The painters of the old school did it yourself, it happens, and now in professional studios. But tempera is sold in stores for artists, and it is possible to take advantage of it. Please note that the icons are usually clean and bright colors. The shades are missing, and, for example, the folds of clothing are transmitted by the paint strokes other paint.
If the trees or buildings, please note that their images are more like isometric projection, rather than an object, constructed with the perspective. This is one of the distinguishing features of the icon.
Advice 2 : How to draw a girl
Drawing girls is very fascinating. The figure should reflect the grace, sense of rhythm, the smallest details that are so important in the film. When choosing a model, try to imagine how it will look in the picture. Better to draw from — so you can more accurately and vividly convey the nuances and tones.
You will need
- Graphite pencils, charcoal, eraser, sheet of drawing paper.
Select a model. Pre-discuss with her what time she is able to sit in a sedentary position. Seat her in the chair or armchair, give the pose, which is necessary for a portrait. Find the best angle. The lady should sit in the chosen posture for some time to understand how hard it is for her.
Check the source of artificial illumination. Manipulation will help to present the subject in a flattering light — literally and figuratively.
Make a sketch hard pencil or the edge of the coal. The strokes should be light. Better to do a few sketches to get a better feel for the model. Define its characteristic features.
Decide on the composition. The person best placed in the upper part of the sheet — a little left of center. Sketch light touches the whole picture. Try to catch the head tilt, the position of strands of hair, mood, expression, lips and eyes.
Pay special attention to the girl's face. In nature there is no absolute symmetry, but the relative is still present. All of this can be seen by making numerous sketches. The face can be divided into three thirds. Forehead, nose and chin with the mouth — pieces of approximately equal height. Portraying the full-face model, remember that the eyes should be such a distance to fit another eye. Carefully draw the lips. The girl's eyes should reflect thoughts and feelings — will work on their expression.
Draw the shape of the girl. Position of the head, the neck, the position of the arms and torso — this is all extremely important. Hair models must be "living" in life. Use numerous hues and halftones, on what is capable of your imagination and the ability to own graphite pencils.
The shadow figure go by the hatching. Take it easy, no pressure. Too bright, the shading can be corrected. Apply for this soft eraser, breadcrumbs or soft cloth.
At the end of the work carefully examine the diagram and model. Add to the portrait of the flare and touches.
Profile models to paint is easier than full face. You will not have to worry about symmetry.
To maintain the relative symmetry draw from both sides of the face. If you drew one eye, immediately draw a second; eyebrows — just not alone.