To highlight the grammatical basis of any proposals, it is necessary to find and highlight its main members. These include the subject and predicate.
The subject is what is being reported in the proposal. It is always in the initial form (nominative or infinitive) and usually answers the questions: "who?" "what?". The subject is expressed by almost all parts of speech, if they act the meaning of the noun in the nominative case. By the noun: "what?" the truth does not always lie on the surface. Pronoun: "who?" I do not advocate drastic measures. An adjective or a participle: "who?" no one is hungry fed; "who?" the campers waited for the bus. Numeral: "who?" three of them were responsible for the cleaning of the territory. The infinitive (the indefinite form of a verb): to sing, her passion. Any word that has the meaning of the noun in the nominative case: "what?" oohs and aahs could be heard from the street. The idiom: "who?" from small to large, out in the field. Part name: "what?" The milky Way stretches wide strip. Syntactically whole phrase: "who?" my grandmother left for home.
The predicate denotes what is being communicated about the subject and answers the questions: "what does?", "what is it?" "what is it?", etc. depending on the way of expressing the predicate can be a simple adjective; nominal compound; compound and complex verb.
Simple verbal predicate is expressed by a verb in the form of one of the mood: the letter "did what?" came on time. Compound nominal predicate consists of two parts (cords and a nominal part): "he did what?" was the Builder ("was a Builder" - predicate). A compound verb is made up of the ligaments and of the infinitive: the children "did what?" to stop fighting. A complex predicate is a combination of the elements of a compound nominal, and compound verbal predicate: my brother is always "what did you do?" wanted to be a lawyer. The last part of the sentence ("I wanted to be a lawyer") is a complex predicate, because only all of the words combine to give the desired information about the subject.
To determine the grammatical foundations read the whole sentence and determine it is simple or complex, consisting of two or more simple. If the proposal of the first kind, then it would be a grammatical basis, and if the second, then several. It depends on the number of simple sentencesincluded in the complex. For example: we were late because it was raining. "We're late" and "it was raining" - grammar basics compound sentences.
Find it in the sentence the subject. To do this, ask questions such as "who?" "what?" and identify the word or phrase that answers them. Then from the found to be ask questions such as "what does?", "what is it?" and find the verb.
If there is only one of the main members, it is a one offer. Please note that its understanding and interpretation do not need to apply to the context. In the Russian language there are five varieties of one-piece of suggestions: denominative (from subject) "Hot July day"; definitely-personal, indefinite-personal, generalized personal and impersonal (with the predicate). "Take care of business". "Asking you." "Smart people recognize immediately." "Darker".
During parsing, the subject emphasizes one feature, a predicate – two.
Be careful, if the offer has the words "be", "be", "seem". Stressing only them, it is easy to make a mistake and miss another part of the predicate.
The word "may", "should", "must not", "should" are included in a compound predicate.
Advice 2: How to determine the grammatical basis of the proposal
In order to understand the grammatical structure of the sentence, it is first necessary to find its footing. To do this, use the methods developed by linguists. When understanding the fundamentals offers you will be able to correctly place punctuation.
Learn what constitutes a grammatical basis. These are the main parts of the sentence - subject and predicate, which usually constitute the main meaning of the sentence. In some cases, sentences can contain only the subject or only the verb and a few words, performing the same functions of the main parts of the sentence.
Find subject. Most often it is expressed by a noun or pronoun. In this case, it necessarily stands in the nominative and answers the question "who?" or "what?". In the rare case the role of the object or subject of the action in the sentence plays a numeral, or even a whole phrase. If you see in the proposal a proper name in the nominative case, it is highly likely that it will be subject.
Define the predicate in the sentence. It refers to the action of the subject, which is the subject. In most sentences the predicate is the verb agreed with the subject in number and kind. Also, this part of the sentence can be expressed using verb phrases, verbal adjectives and even nouns. The verb should answer the question "who does?" or "what does?", grammatically agreed with the first part of the basis of the proposal.
Note in the found basis. Underline the subject with one continuous horizontal line, and the predicate two.
If subjects and predicates are several specify the grammatical structure of the sentence. If all of the subject and the predicate agree with each other grammatically and in meaning, this indicates a simple sentence. On the contrary, if they are independent and have an independent value, before you sentences with two or more bases, between which there is a coordinating or a subordinating relationship.