To highlight the grammatical basis of any proposals, it is necessary to find and highlight its main members. These include the subject and predicate.
The subject is what is being reported in the proposal. It is always in the initial form (nominative or infinitive) and usually answers the questions: "who?" "what?". The subject is expressed by almost all parts of speech, if they act the meaning of the noun in the nominative case. By the noun: "what?" the truth does not always lie on the surface. Pronoun: "who?" I do not advocate drastic measures. An adjective or a participle: "who?" no one is hungry fed; "who?" the campers waited for the bus. Numeral: "who?" three of them were responsible for the cleaning of the territory. The infinitive (the indefinite form of a verb): to sing, her passion. Any word that has the meaning of the noun in the nominative case: "what?" oohs and aahs could be heard from the street. The idiom: "who?" from small to large, out in the field. Part name: "what?" The milky Way stretches wide strip. Syntactically whole phrase: "who?" my grandmother left for home.
The predicate denotes what is being communicated about the subject and answers the questions: "what does?", "what is it?" "what is it?", etc. depending on the way of expressing the predicate can be a simple adjective; nominal compound; compound and complex verb.
Simple verbal predicate is expressed by a verb in the form of one of the mood: the letter "did what?" came on time. Compound nominal predicate consists of two parts (cords and a nominal part): "he did what?" was the Builder ("was a Builder" - predicate). A compound verb is made up of the ligaments and of the infinitive: the children "did what?" to stop fighting. A complex predicate is a combination of the elements of a compound nominal, and compound verbal predicate: my brother is always "what did you do?" wanted to be a lawyer. The last part of the sentence ("I wanted to be a lawyer") is a complex predicate, because only all of the words combine to give the desired information about the subject.
To determine the grammatical foundations read the whole sentence and determine it is simple or complex, consisting of two or more simple. If the proposal of the first kind, then it would be a grammatical basis, and if the second, then several. It depends on the number of simple sentencesincluded in the complex. For example: we were late because it was raining. "We're late" and "it was raining" - grammar basics compound sentences.
Find it in the sentence the subject. To do this, ask questions such as "who?" "what?" and identify the word or phrase that answers them. Then from the found to be ask questions such as "what does?", "what is it?" and find the verb.
If there is only one of the main members, it is a one offer. Please note that its understanding and interpretation do not need to apply to the context. In the Russian language there are five varieties of one-piece of suggestions: denominative (from subject) "Hot July day"; definitely-personal, indefinite-personal, generalized personal and impersonal (with the predicate). "Take care of business". "Asking you." "Smart people recognize immediately." "Darker".
During parsing, the subject emphasizes one feature, a predicate – two.
Be careful, if the offer has the words "be", "be", "seem". Stressing only them, it is easy to make a mistake and miss another part of the predicate.
The word "may", "should", "must not", "should" are included in a compound predicate.
Advice 2 : What is the grammatical basis of the proposal
Grammatical framework is often called a predicate, that is, static, main. It consists of two main part of the sentence: the predicate and the subject. But they still need to be able to correctly identify.
In most cases the subject is expressed as a pronoun or noun used in the nominative case. However, it can also be:
- A participle, adjective, or numeral in the nominative case, which acts as a noun. For example, three to go and nothing to think.
- Structure of numeral and noun are in the genitive. For example, some of the boys climbed the fence and stole apples. The grammatical basis of the sentence there will be "some of the boys climbed".
- If the predicate is expressed in the plural, then the subject can be expressed by a construction consisting of a noun (or pronoun) with another noun (or pronoun) in the instrumental case. For example, I and Vanya walked in the woods at night.
- Also the subject may be an infinitive expressing an action not flowing in time. For example, to live in La aristocracy.
One of the components of the grammatical framework of the sentence is the predicate. There are three main types:
- Simple verbal predicate if it consists of one word and is a verb or consists of several words, but is an idiom or form of the future tense. For example, she will take part in the competition.
- Composite nominal predicate if it consists of one word and not a verb or consists of several words, but part of the predicate is not part of the infinitive. For example, all on this coast was a strong current washed. Grammaticheskie the basis of the proposals: "it was washed".
- Compound verbal predicate contains more than one word and contains the infinitive, not being a idiom. For example, I really want to sing on stage.