Advice 1: How to grocery shop

The most common and profitable business is the manufacturing products. But there are a lot of questions, the answers to which we must give long before you open your shop. A good help is the experience in the trading field, but if not - do not despair.
How to grocery shop
Make a business plan and calculate how much money you will need to open the store. The final amount depends on the square of the range needed repair. Make open access to the goods. So, you will make a profit. To avoid theft, a part of the goods trade over the counter. This is especially useful if the store is small.
Join in the search space. This can be either a property or rent. Consider the layout and area you need to have enough space to accommodate the equipment. Well, if there is a separate room in which to conveniently place accountant.
Register at the location of the storeand cash register, simultaneously start to pick up equipment: refrigeration and regular showcases, shelves for goods and refrigerators for beverages and perishables. Outline a plan where you specify what and where to stand.
Determine the potential customer. Browse the stores that sell similar products, watch what I buy most often there. Add to the range some "flavor", which is not the competition: for example, "grilled chicken", "sausage in a natural casing", etc. With time you will understand what the customer needs based on sold. First buy bread, milk, meats, fish, groceries, cigarettes, and then increase the range.
Put the payment terminals payments without a fee, just write in large font near the entrance. People will visit your store more often, consequently, sales will increase. Competently place the goods on the shelves and display cases. Products should be clearly seen, the price tags write clearly, to even buyers with low vision were able to consider them.
Make the markup on the goods, you will adjust it later in or down, depending on demand and competition, from the location of the store. Calculate what the rate of sales per day, average check, etc. So you will be able to determine the income for the day.
Choosing the suppliers, focus the quality of purchased products and price, delivery schedule, possibility of delivery and return of goods. Specify whether you will be able to purchase goods with deferred payment, it can significantly help in the initial phase of business.
Keep records of goods in electronic form, and implement acceptance and release of products by scanning bar codes. It is very convenient, but not always available, so many keep records manually. Pick a skilled salesman with experience, pay attention to courtesy, pleasant appearance, cleanliness, availability of sanitary books.
Decide which tax system you will use. The General or the simplified system with objects. This question should be discussed before registering with the storeand with the accountant.
Get a license if you want to engage in the sale of alcohol with a high alcohol content. Observe sanitary, fire and other legislation, for breach of which you can prosecute.

Advice 2 : How to record goods in the shops

Trade organization should implement accounting products. The control of such operations required for reporting and analysis of the financial activities of the company.
How to record goods in the shops
You will need
  • - tax and other documents;
  • - automated program.
Accounting of goods includes several stages: receipt or manufacture, movement and sale. Each stage documented. To simplify accounting, it is advisable to use automated programs such as "1C: Trade and warehouse".
Be sure to assign responsible persons for products. This may be one person, and maybe several. For example, you have your own production. In the shop must be the head of supervising staff and performance, including quality. Regularly it needs to be accountable to you, to submit accounting documents. It is also necessary to assign material responsible for storing goods in the warehouse. This person should receive the documents on the transfer of goods and to make goods for sale.
If you acquire products from third parties, enter into with counterparties of the contract of sale and execute supporting documents. For example, an employee needs to obtain the goods from the warehouse of the supplier. Write down the name of the worker power of attorney for property (form # 2). He needs to accept the goods, to check the availability and the quality of the products. If everything is OK, sign the invoice and bill of lading. If there are deviations, you have to be drawn up.
After receiving all documents, we will process the transaction in the accounting records. To check the correctness of filling forms check amount. Enter the invoice in the purchase Ledger. Surrendered to the flow of goods using the transaction:
- Д41 K60 – include the receipt of goods;
- D19 K60 – reflects the amount of input VAT;
- Д41 K42 – reflects a margin on the goods.
When selling goods you must issue the following documents: invoice, consignment note (waybill) and invoice. Tax document, make two copies, register it in the sales book. Waybill will be issued in four copies. In the accounting records reflect these transactions as follows:
- D50 К90 – reflected the revenue for the goods sold;
- D90 K68 – reflects the accrual of VAT;
- D90 K41 – reflected write-off the cost of goods sold;
- D90 K42 – reflected write-off of trading margins.
Is the advice useful?