Leningrad oblast is one of the unique regions of the country. Among other Russian regions, it stands out in a pronounced peculiarity of the cultural attractions that have national and global significance.
Just an hour drive from St. Petersburg is a tiny but quite interesting city of Shlisselburg. He stands on the left Bank of the Neva, near lake Ladoga. Its main attraction is the Oreshek fortress, built on the same island. It was founded in the 14th century the Novgorodians to protect the Russian lands from the invading Swedes. Here literally everything breathes antiquity. Despite the fact that the fortress is popular with tourists, it nevertheless managed to retain its pristine atmosphere, there are no street stalls of souvenir shops, no cafes. Only the tall walls of the fortress with towers crowned with carved weathervanes and old buildings.
Definitely worth a visit and Vyborg. This city is attractive, first of all, the only medieval castle and an abundance of historical monuments. The castle was built in the 13th century. From the observation deck, the city can be seen at a glance. In addition, Vyborg has a unique Park of mon repos. Its highlight are the intricate piles of granite rocks.
Interesting and Vsevolozhsk, located seven kilometers from St. Petersburg. It is worth visiting the estate "Priyutino", where at one time there were Bryullov, Pushkin and Krylov.
There are places that you must visit at least once in your life. Staraya Ladoga is one of such places. This is a tiny village with a great past. It was built on the trade route "from the Varangians to the Greeks". His land probably still remember the heavy tread of the ancient Scandinavians. Before Staraya Ladoga was one of the ten largest cities of Russia. Among the other highlights of her sat the old fortress, which stands on a steep Bank of the river Volkhov, as well as several ancient churches.
Not to mention the town of Tikhvin, a rich and interesting history which is reflected in the surviving buildings. The main attraction of the city – Uspensky monastery. Crowds of pilgrims flock here to touch the miraculous icon of the Theotokos of Tikhvin.
Advice 2 : Where to go from St. Petersburg
- - train schedules in all stations of St. Petersburg;
- the flight schedules of the airports "Pulkovo-1" and "Pulkovo-2";
- - metro map of Saint Petersburg.
Buses and taxis go via Strelna, where too many interesting – Congress Palace, Travel Palace of Peter I, Orlovsky Park. Some buses (№№200, 300, 401) follow through Peterhof to Oranienbaum and on. You can reach the city of Lomonosov and see a beautiful old Park and several palaces. And in the Peterhof museums a lot, so we can restrict ourselves only to the Lower Park.
Advice 3 : Petersburg and surroundings: the Sablino natural sanctuary
The Sablino nature reserve - a unique natural phenomenon in the plains of the Leningrad region, it covers an area of about 220 ha. Many millions of years ago, there raged the ocean. The age of groundwater reservoirs is more than 500 million years.
On its territory there are:
- two waterfalls – Tosnoand the Sablino
- the caves are of artificial origin
- canyons of the rivers Tosnaand Sablinka
- hills, considered the mounds
Tosno waterfall because of its shape compared to Niagara. Its height of about 2 meters, in some places reaches 2,5 m.
Height Sabinskogo waterfall - about 3 meters. Waterfalls are good any time of the year.
Also within the reserve located several places of historical importance:
- the Parking lot of Alexander Nevsky before the battle with the Swedes
- the former estate of A. K. Tolstoy (the farm "the Desert")
Note to fans of the spelunking in Sablinskas reserve has 4 large caves:
- "Left Bank",
There are also several caves smaller, only seven pieces. "Three-eyes", "the Beach," "Dream", "Santa Maria", "the Fox Hole" - local names of some of them. All these caves are of artificial origin, in the period from the 18th to the 20th century they mined white quartz Sandstone for glass production.
For tourists year-round open "Levoberezhnaya" cave, but only accompanied by an experienced instructor. Underground always +8°C and dark, so my advice: sweater necessary, and with his lantern much more comfortable.
In this cave you can see three of the underground lake, the tomb of the white caver, cave dwelling of the person and even the hall of the mountain king.
In one of the underground halls of the cave (hall Oath) is located the chapel of St. Nicholas.
The chapel was opened in memory of the fallen travelers – geologists, speleologists, geographers, explorers, mountaineers. Here are services, you can perform the rites of matrimony and baptism. Also in the chapel are held concerts of Russian spiritual music.