Advice 1: How to teach a child the splits

The ability to sit on twine develops a good elasticity of the muscles and healthy joint mobility. And this, in turn, improves coordination and reduces the risk of injury when falling. Children have softer ligaments and therefore the child learn to do the splits much easier than an adult. The most important thing to know how to do it properly.
How to teach a child the splits
Instruction
1
Training should be conducted competently. To do this, each day do with child exercises to stretch the muscles. Just remember: in any case you should not stretch cold muscles. First always do a warm-up for 3-5 minutes. Suited squats, walking, duck walk, leg swings, light jumping on toes and running in place.
2
Then do stretching exercises. Stretching for length of twine running from the counter on his knees. Let the child pull alternately one and then the other foot forward, trying as low as possible to bring the pelvis to the floor. You also need to keep the leg stretched forward, was necessarily rectified in the knee. Because if baby gets used to bend, re-train then it will be very difficult.
3
For the transverse stretching of the twine. Spread your legs out to the sides as far as possible, arms stretched forward – this is starting position. Explain to your child that he needs to carry the weight of the body first on hands, then on the twine. During such rotation, gradually bend arms, thus reducing the gap from the floor. For those who are already well warmed up and stretched out, there's another great exercise. It is called creep. Sitting on the floor, it is necessary to push the legs out to the sides, then resting on her arms and without moving the legs, as if to crawl in the prone position on your stomach. Over time, the exercise is complicated by the fact that crawl need to be, almost without lifting your pelvis off the floor.
4
To maximum from to stretch not all the time. After stretching the alternate implementation of the right longitudinal-transverse and left splits. The following exercise "butterfly" (or "frog"). Let your child sit, put the feet and pull them as close to your groin, trying to get knees to the floor. Next you need to begin to move the knees up and down as if waving in wings.
5
The next stretch is the wall. The child becomes to her back, a hand grabs the bar above him. Slowly lift one leg the baby up. The knee of the second leg on which it stands, gently lock your knees, in order not to give the kid's foot the ability to bend. The child's leg raise smoothly up and down until a slight feeling of pain, to muscle stretching. Then in the next lesson, already stretching a little bit better and stronger.
Note
There are exceptional cases where the child has previously had any problems with hip joints, such as dysplasia. In this case, you must be very careful with the split. Proper stretching can only improve the condition wrong can cause injury. So better conduct classes with the child under the guidance of an experienced coach.
Useful advice
Remember that first workout, and then stretching. Watch that the child should not have to suffer from severe pain, it is desirable that the sensation was pleasant, only slightly came to light the verge of pain.

Advice 2: How to teach a baby to sit independently

Most of the children to sit independently at the age of six months can not yet, however, at this time, you can begin to teach them this action. The main thing – do not overdo it, not to cause harm yet not strong enough spine.
How to teach a baby to sit independently
Instruction
1
Do daily with your child exercises, using special exercises, help him to sit up independently from supine position, pulling a brush and your hands. You should start with 3-5 times: the baby is hard to keep your weight on your hands.
2
Buy playpen with coarse mesh. When a child spends time in the arena, show him how he can catch up, holding on to mesh by hand. Stick with smooth sticks lattice crib it is not very convenient, because the hands slip on them. The arena is also very convenient in this respect and your child will learn much faster not only to sit but to stand.
3
Briefly put the baby in a baby carriage, holding her back. If you have a stroller-transformer, and you still have not removed from her basket, now is the time to do it. If the child still went to the very cradle, it is time to buy and a pleasure.
4
Do not leave your baby in a sitting position for more than 5-7 minutes, at least in the first week, then the time can be gradually increased. In the room to encourage the baby to the seat, you can use the highchair, the backrest has several positions.
5
The child learned to sit up, his muscles must be strong enough. Encourage him to active movement: frequently lay on the stomach, help to roll back and forth, gradually teach the crawl. You can use toys: trying to get them, your children will have to move rapidly. Help him to crawl to toys, substituting palm under his feet, and gently nudging the kid forward.
6
Contrary to popular belief, should not be planted 5-6 month old baby on a bed or sofa, propped with pillows, his muscles in this position are not involved. To teach him to keep balance in a sitting position, let's just put the baby on his knee, providing an opportunity to hold onto your fingers and holding it in turn for hands. You can use game-nursery rhyme – for example, "Go nuts", "bumps on bumps".
Useful advice
Most babies begin to sit independently at the age of 7-8 months. Do not force this process: your task is not to force the kid to sit, but to help him do it himself. If your child has not learned to sit up independently until 10 months, you should consult with the child's doctor.

Advice 3: How to teach a child to count

When little kids talk about school, they usually say: "there You will learn to read, write and count". However, such data are outdated – now in school without these and many other basic skills of a child do not accept. When the baby produces simple mathematical operations, bending his fingers, that's fine. But at a certain age similar technology need to forget and learn to count without the help of improvised means.
How to teach a child to count
You will need
  • Books with examples for counting, cards with numbers.
Instruction
1
The age at which the child should learn to count in mind, everyone is different, but the average is 5-6 years. To teach the child to quickly take in mind, it should be taught simply to count in mind, and before that, in principle, be taught to think. As it is obvious it may sound, each of these points should be given due attention, and many parents forget about it.So, first the child should well learn to count objects – counting sticks, toys, anything at all, and produce them in simple arithmetic operations. If the baby can not count how many sticks will work if the two sticks to put two more sticks, ask him to count in mind, how much is "2+3".
2
The child had mastered the score in mind, he should be well familiar with the concepts of "more" and "less than", "equal", to understand the composition of numbers. There are several different techniques account within ten. Daily fun activities are required to ensure that the kid understood the numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 10. He needs to learn, for example, all the ways to get number 7 in the range of tens (1+6, 2+5, 3+4). Children have excellent visual memory, so even constantly looking at such examples, the child will get used to their values. Very useful for such operations to use a regular card with numbers or "cash numbers".
3
With the help of toys or other illustrative examples teach children the composition of the number 10, so he'll know what 10 is 2+8, 3+7, 4+6 etc. Explain to him that from change of places composed the sum does not change (oncethe mindis, not so scientific – "if you change the number of places will still get the same"), explain that subtraction is inverse to addition operation. When preschooler will master addition in the range of tens in mind, it will go much faster.
4
To go beyond the dozens, you can use the method "to ten". For example, you want to fold 7 and 5. Number 5 to 10 5 is not enough, we take away 7, is 2. That is, 7+5=5+5+2. And to add 2 to 10 is not too difficult.
5
The main thing to learn fast counting in mind is visibility. Invite, for example, child add and subtract numbers that he sees on the street. The number of machines, for example. The car passed with the number 398 – offer to calculate how much will be 3+9+8 etc.
6
Whether before school to give your child multiplication and division, quite a lot I bet. Rate the ability of your child yourself, but do not overload him and turn his life into one big math class. In any case, technology of mastering multiplication and division in the mind is about the same as with addition and subtraction.
Useful advice
The main rule of the account in the mind – no available funds. Make sure that the child does not have to bend your fingers, not put sticks or toys. The more you practice, the higher the speed of mathematical operations. Nothing complicated.

Advice 4: How to teach the letter "R"

Sooner or later, many parents wonder: "is it right my child?" Because some children are already a year and a half well say all the sounds, and the other in 4 years is hard to understand. There are certain age norms for speech development. But if five years all the sounds usually fall into place, the sound "R" often becomes an obstacle for the kid and his parents. Of course, if in 5-6 years the child can't pronounce "R" or said it incorrectly, is a serious reason to visit a speech therapist. But first, parents can try to teach the letter "R" on their own.
How to teach the letter "R"



Fun classes and games can be carried out since 3 years. It is desirable that at this point, the baby already uttered all other sounds. Don't make it right to say "RRR" is not helpful. It may even hurt if the child already speaks the "R" wrong. For starters, you need to prepare the articulation device to create the sound. The correct formulation of the language, you can produce using sounds "t-d". When pronouncing the "t-d" and "R" language is in the same position. As a trainer fit children's poems with the alternation of these letters. For example:

TA, TA, TA — hot stove,

Yes, Yes, Yes — on the street water...

Next, you need to teach a child the correct tongue vibration. Language should be bumps (alveoli) on the back of the front teeth, and the parent with your finger or a spoon to lightly pull at the bridle, thereby causing the vibrating tip of the tongue. There is another fun exercise that brings joy to children. Ask the child to say "brrr". Ensure that the lips were relaxed.

Do not rush things, most importantly, that skill was fixed, and only then proceed to the next exercise. Ask the kid to show, how to start a tractor "DRRR" or "trrr". You can then name some words beginning with these sounds: "fight, drama, tractor". Some children easier softer sound of "p", in this case, he's really good "shoot", although this is the exception rather than the rule.

What if you could your child to teach the letter "R", but he does not say it in words? First of all, you need patience, correcting it each time, you gradually accustomed to speak the letter "R". It is best to pretend that you are not misunderstood word, and the child, trying to explain to you, is to pronounce the "R".

Advice 5: How to teach a child to pronounce the letter ø

Some parents find it very hard to teach their children how to correctly pronounce some sounds. One such complex sounds is "sh". Some kids replace it with "s" or "Z" other and even exclude it from the words. To teach the child to pronounce the sound "sh", you must daily perform a special articulation exercises.
How to teach a child to pronounce the letter ø
Instruction
1
Articulation gymnastics includes exercises for the lower jaw, exercises for lips and exercises for the language. Perform them every day for a few minutes in front of the mirror. Articulation exercises can be carried out under rhythmical music, or at the expense and complete the classes claps.
2
To teach the child to pronounce the sound "sh", you must daily perform exercises aimed at the development of the lower jaw.
3
Ask the baby to open the mouth widely and close it within 30 seconds. This exercise should be repeated 10-15 times. Excellent develop the lower jaw in chewing movements with closed lips and a light tapping teeth with open lips. "Fence" - stretch your lips into a smile and put the upper jaw on the bottom, wait 15-20 seconds and relax. Ask the kid to do the same.
4
In order that the child uttered the sound "sh" that's right, his lips must be very flexible and well developed. Therefore, in the complex of articulation gymnastics includes classes for the lips.
5
"Smile" - exercise, the principle of which is the strong stretching open the lips to tight teeth. "Proboscis" - pulling the lips forward. Very effective for the development of children's mouth would be alternating between these two exercises.
6
For correct pronunciation the sound "sh" is also required good mobility of the tongue of the baby. There are many interesting games for the development of this mobility.
7
Play it as a "mess" - move the tongue back and forth. "The clock" - move tongue left and right. "Swing" - move tongue up and down. Perform each exercise for 30 seconds. In addition, it is very useful to perform language circular motions, gently nibble the tip, and snapping them as a hobbyhorse.
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