To extract the fifth root, radical, imagine a number or an expression in the form of the fifth degree of another number or expression. It will be the desired value. In some cases this number can be seen immediately, others will have to pick up.
The sign for the root of the fifth degree is maintained. For example, if root is a negative number, then the result will be negative. Root 5 degrees of positive numbers gives a positive number. Thus, the minus sign can be taken from under the sign of the root.
Sometimes to remove the root of the 5th power, you need to convert the expression. It would seem, of the polynomial x^5-10x^4 +40x^3-80x^2+80x-32 root can be taken. However, on closer examination, you can verify that this expression is minimized at (x-2)^5 (remember the formula for the construction of the binomial to the fifth power). It is obvious that the root of the 5th power of (x-2)^5 is equal to (x-2).
In programming for finding root using the recurrence relation. The principle is based on the initial assumption and to further enhance precision.
Suppose that you want to write a program to extract the root of the fifth degree from among A. Set the initial guess x0. Next, set the recurrence formula x(i+1)=1/5[4x(i)+A/x(i)^4]. Repeat this step until, until you reach the required accuracy. Repetition is realized by adding one to the index i.
Please note that when extracting the root of an even degree, the result must be strictly positive. And a negative number, the root can be taken. This must be taken into account when solving equations and inequalities.
Using the recurrence relation we can extract the root of not only the fifth, but any other degree. The General formula x(i+1)=1/n[(n-1)x(i)+A/x(i)^(n-1)]. Instead of n, substitute in it the degree that you need.
Advice 2 : How to build a root to a power
For a quick solution of examples it is necessary to know the properties of the roots and of the options available with them to perform. One of these intermediate task — the construction of the root in the degree. The result of the example is converted to a simpler, more accessible for the elementary calculations.
Set the radical number a>=0, from which is extracted the root. Suppose for example a=8. Also referred to as the number standing under the root sign.
Write the integer n1. It is called the index of the root. If n=2, we are talking about the square root of a number. If n=3, the root is called cubic. For example, let us take n=6.
Select an integer k — the degreein which it is necessary to erect root. Let k=2.
Specify the resulting solution for example. In this case, you have to square root to the sixth power of the number eight.
To solve the problem erect in the degree of radical number: 82=64.
Formulate the resulting problem: now you need to extract the root of the sixth power of the number 64.
Convert radical expression: 64=8*8, i.e. it is necessary to extract the root of the sixth power of two multipliers. Otherwise can be written as: the root of the sixth power of eight multiplied by the root of the sixth power of the number eight. Another option the recording: the root of the sixth power of the number eight in the square.
Another transform used in the example: 6=3*2. Now square — number two — is in radical expression and exponent. Therefore, they can be mutually reduced, then an example will be, the root of the third degree of the number eight. Cubic root of eight equals two is the answer.
To build the root in the degree in another way, after the fourth step of the transform from n=6=3*2. Number two is in degree, and in the figure of the root, so the two can be reduced.
Write down the transformed problem: find the root of the third degree of the number eight. With the radicals did not have to do anything, because the sample is immediately simplified. The answer is two cubic root of eight.
Advice 3 : How to calculate root on calculator
If you have the ability to use a computer, surely there is access to the program-the calculator. Such applications include all the features of regular gadget, adding to the ease of use inherent in modern software. For example, the computation of the roots in the software calculator Windows is possible in four ways.
You will need
- ОС Windows.
Run the program calculator. The appropriate link can be found in the main menu of the OS, but it is easier to press Win, type "ka" and press Enter - the system will understand you with two letters and open software calculator. For earlier versions of Windows, e.g. XP - this method can be replaced by pressing shortcut keys Win + R and input the command calc, then press Enter.
If the exponent of the root, which is required to compute equals two, immediately start the app, start typing number. This can be done either with the keyboard or by clicking on the buttons in the program interface. When you are finished, click the button with the image of a radical second from the top in the right column. The program will extract the root and display the result.
To calculate the cube root of the capabilities of the default startup interface is not enough, so activate more advanced "engineering." To do this, press Ctrl + 2 or select the corresponding item under "View" menu. Then enter the number, the root of which you want to calculate and click the button of the interface, marked by 3√x, and the task will be executed.
When extracting the root with the higher exponent, the input operation will consist of two steps. First, enter radical number, then click the button with the symbols ʸ√x, enter the exponent, and press Enter. The result will appear in the appropriate field of the application interface.
There is another method of extracting the root of arbitrary degree, which uses the operation of exponentiation with a fractional exponent. You know that root, for example, the fourth degree is equivalent to the power 1/4. Therefore, enter the number from which to extract the root, then click on the button of the construction to an arbitrary degree xʸ and type a decimal number corresponding to the unit divided by the exponent. For the fourth root is the number of 1/4=0,25. Press Enter, and the root will be extracted.