Advice 1: How to sew leather

Sewing leather can be a tricky process. You will need: leather itself, twisted linen thread (waxed), polyester or Dacron, the needle suitable for the thread, awl. And in working with leather the most important thing is the choice Sheila – important form, which will be the key to a beautiful and proper seam.

The first thing to do is to choose the leather for sewing. It can be extruded or solid. Pressed leather short-lived, so you should prefer one-piece.

Awl. Select the awl is diamond shaped in cross-section, in order to repeat the section of a sewing needle. The awl should be sharp to the skin included easily, the fibers of the skin should slide and not be torn. You can make yourself an awl fine screwdriver, better than the Russian production. If you want you can sharpen the awl with a file medium grit, using the vise. It is desirable to finish the sharpening with a fine file so that the faces became smooth sewing.

Cut leather, comfortable Shoe with a knife, but you can make neat cuts and stationery.

To learn how to sew leather, you need patience and great desire.

Mark on the skin of the hole required for proshiva, you can use a metal ruler. On and on the other the pieces of skin from the edge at the same distance, made a small incision, the interval of 5 mm. For this purpose you can use the needle. Then with an awl pierce the final hole. At the same time, they are deployed relative to the axis of the future seam at an angle of about 30-45°. The angles of these holes must match on that in another piece of leather.

Take a needle with thread. Take the prepared pieces of leather and fold them so the holes match. The thread is better doubled, and its length count one-third longer than the expected length of the seam.

Flash the seam. If you decide to sew leather on the sewing machine, do it not pedal-operated and hands. If you are worried that parts will begin to spread when sewing, then this will protect you prior to bonding, and slightly better on the edges of details that then splices inside the product.

To start and finish sewing the skin it is necessary basting stitch. To do this, make 4 stitches, return to start and repeat stitches on the stitching. The seam will not be spread. Thread both sides of the joint contact node prizhivayutsya and pressed against the skin, they stick.

Patience, thoroughness, and you will succeed!

Advice 2: How to sew on the machine

Not so long ago almost every family had a sewing machine. With this amazing mechanism, skilled women created their own collection of clothes from underwear to coats, so no deficit was not terrible. Now, when in the stores you can buy fashionable and inexpensive clothes, sewing machines used by seamstresses to create an exquisite embroideries or exclusive models of clothing, which they put not only their skills, but also your soul.
Instruction
1
Before you start to sew on a machine, it must be configured and put in working condition. Though sewing machine store in densely closed covers, but every time they need to prepare to work. Install it in a convenient bright place and take care of the additional light source, if you will be stitching in artificial light in the evening.
2
Soft flannel cloth to wipe her body and drip a drop of oil in each technological hole designed for this. Free access to the Shuttle device, inspect it and remove any dust accumulated inside the case. Check that the groove in the ring was not of the scraps of thread and dust – in electric cars because they inhibit the movement of the Shuttle, which leads to overheating of the mechanism.
3
Adjust the height of the rack in accordance with the thickness of the fabric. If you are going to sew from silk or any other fine fabric, set the regulator to position "Silk", all the other fabric sew in the position "Normal".
4
Adjust the pressure of presser foot using a threaded sleeve, which is located at its core. The thicker the fabric, the stronger must be the pressure. Adjust it according to the pattern of the fabric, from which you are going to sew. Fold the cloth in half and prostrochite it, selecting the pressure force and the required length of the stitch. Thick fabrics sew stitches is 3 mm, for thin set 1.5 – 2 mm. Screw regulator adjust tension of the upper thread to the wrong side of the seam was not loops.
5
After finishing sewing, wipe machine, clean the bobbin case and the annular groove, is placed under the foot piece of fabric, put the needle down and loosen the fixing screw. Close the typewriter cover.
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The thickness of the thread and needles are selected in accordance with the type of fabric. As the upper and lower threads, use thread with a single coil. If you use threads with different coils, the lower should be in the room thinner than the top.

Advice 3: How to sew leather or fur

Work on the leather products and fur requires certain practical skills and knowledge. To make key chains, lanyards, bracelets, bookmarks and key rings in home, and it's not necessary to have special knowledge. It is sufficient to know the basics of working with leather and fur.
You will need
  • - source material;
  • pattern;
  • - scissors;
  • knife;
  • thread;
  • needle;
  • - sewing machine;
  • - glue for the skin.
Instruction
1
Every product, even the simplest, can be divided into several stages. First of all you should consider the shape, colors and the way the details of the future product. Then make a pattern and cut out the skin or fur, and then proceed to the connection of the parts and decoration of the finished product.
2
When working with leather and fur, you need to use thick paper to create blueprints, which you will cut the material. Paired parts should be cut from a single piece of leather, and all the details of fur, suede or velvet should be cut with the same direction of the NAP. Thin skin when cutting cut with scissors and thick material and fur with a knife. Don't forget when cutting the skin to leave a seam and a hem.
3
The details of the fur, cut the patterns, lay on the shades. In this dark place to the top, and lighter towards the bottom of the product to the transition of shades was gradual.
4
Cut parts connect to each other using sewing machine, glue or by braiding. Method of braid is suitable only for works of leather, and its essence lies in the Assembly of parts with thin straps, cut from the same material as the product itself. This kind of Assembly is very beautiful, and after it does not require additional decoration of the finished product.
5
If you in use a thin leather, stitch details better on the sewing machine, the details of the more dense texture can collect manually. Before beginning work on a typewriter prostrochite seam trial with which you can adjust for further work the thread tension. Don't forget to sweep parts before working on the machine, in the process, they did not move, but the product is not lost form.
6
When assembling parts with glue be sure to read the manual, and the strictly follow what is indicated on the tube. Place of bonding sand with fine sandpaper. Connect the parts together as tightly as possible and glue residue to remove the material immediately. The join gently with a hammer beat off and leave to dry for at least one day.
7
Knowing the basic time when working with materials such as fur and leather, you can create unusual and attractive products. Don't forget to decorate your things with various materials.

Advice 4: How to sew on the sewing machine

In the nineteenth century the sewing machine became a real breakthrough, its emergence made possible the sale of ready-made gowns and at times accelerated the process of tailoring. Simple modern sewing machines can be ten times greater than those of the first, and still is able to simplify life.
You will need
  • - Sewing machine
  • - Manual
  • - A Magazine "Burda Moden"
Instruction
1
In every house there are thousands of small things which could use a sewing machine to hem curtains, sew dispersed over the seam of things, to shorten the pants. Besides a sewing machine and minimal sewing skill it is a panacea for people with irregular sizes. If you are too high, too low, too lean, if clothes for the top and bottom you have to buy different sizes of sewing machine is for you.
2
All sewing machines are divided into three types: Electromechanical, electronic and computerized. The first - very simple. They perform about two dozen operations on them well to learn to sew and, more importantly, they cost a penny - the most simple machine is a reliable firm Brother standing about two and a half to three thousand rubles.
3
E - cars- for advanced users. They know more and more are, but if you are sure that you will be a lot of sewing and you have enough money, it makes sense to buy such a car. Select machine company Brother or Janome. It is a reliable and proven company.
4
Computerized machines need to professionals, they can do almost all the sewing on them is a pleasure. But the cost of this machine may exceed several thousand dollars.
5
Choosing and buying a sewing machine, the first thing to read the manual, it contains comprehensive information about your purchase. Find a few scraps of different fabrics, try different stitches, referring to the user manual. Change the needle, "play" with the settings. Use all available seams. Practice doing straight lines.
6
Thanks coming more than fifty years the magazine "Burda moden", any girl can start sewing in just a few days. After all, this magazine has detailed patterns, information about how much fabric you need for the selected model, a thorough description of the priority sewing and that is very important for a beginner seamstress, in any release, there are a few basic things for sewing. They are marked with one or two black circles near the name of the model. Following the instructions from the magazine, sew a skirt. It is always better to start with a skirt - in the process of cutting and sewing you will better understand the process of sewing. Creating a few simple models and move to more complex.
7
If the instructions in the magazine are not enough for you, look for a video master classes in the Internet. Usually you can find a detailed video on almost any sewing question.
Note
Once you've mastered sewing on the finished pattern, you will be able to create their own. This allows you to better adjust things on the figure.
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Buying a car, don't forget to purchase such useful items as a template, a centimeter, crayons for fabric, pins and thread.
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