Advice 1: How to sew a wide elastic band

Wide elastics are usually used when sewing belts, skirts, shorts, boxers and other articles from the upper hem with drawstring. When implemented carefully, the clothes turns out to be convenient and practical. A thin rubber band wear is reduced, and the thing to have regular repair. Feature wide the ribbon is that it is firmly sewn into the hem of the top.
How to sew a wide elastic band
You will need
  • - wide elastic;
  • - sewing machine;
  • - pins;
  • needle;
  • - Mel (the remnant);
  • thread;
  • - iron.
Try to sew boxer shorts or a skirt from two panels (top and rear) on a wide elastic band. When building patterns provide a one-piece belt. Leave it to the hem in two widths of braid with an allowance of 1.5 cm.
Treat all joints of the main products, in addition to hems for future belt-kuliske. Make the necessary calculations: grasp elastic in the waist and add about 2 cm on joints.
Sew the ends of the broad bands, leaving a small allowance. The edge of the slices manually process the overlock seam. Lay allowances on the wrong side of the stitched braid and attach them to the top and bottom edges, a few small hand stitches.
Divide the upper hem of the garment for six to eight (depending on waist size and length of an elastic braid) equal sections. Mark the boundaries of segments tailor's chalk or a remnant. Do the same on the gum.
Run along the top, raw cut hem product about a centimeter tall and zautyuzhte it on the wrong side. Then align the marks on the elastic band and the hem of the belt.
Secure wide elastic band on the cloth on wrong side of work with safety pins. The braid should lie the upper edge exactly lined rolled edges of the fabric.
Now you need to pristroit wide elastic belt with four special elastic lines or (for stronger hold) three-piece lines "stretch".
While working on the sewing machine it is necessary to stretch the working portion of the braid, to the finished belt-kuliske came out of the same small build.
First, lay the engine line at the bottom of a wide elastic band, then remove the pins and turn the braid inside is sewn together with the cloth. The following line is routed close (about 2-2,5 mm) to the inner slice of the working fabric. The remaining stitches will be parallel to the top and bottom lines.
When calculating the required length of wide elastic bands keep in mind the individual requirements. Belt be good to keep the product on the waist, but not be too tight. To adjust the length of pricechannel the ribbon later will be difficult, especially if you have used strong line of "stretch".
Useful advice
For primaqiune wide elastic tape to the top edge of the product, you can use a narrow zigzag stitch.

Advice 2: How to sew the lining to the skirt

Not all models of skirts provided podklady. Often they simply do not exist. However, the lining improves the fit of the model in the figure. So if you need you can sew it yourself.
How to sew the lining to the skirt
You will need
  • cloth;
  • skirt;
  • - scissors;
  • - threads;
  • - a sewing machine.
Sew the lining cover. To make it simple enough. Treatment this lining is separate from the skirt and is sewn only to cover the belt line.
Make pattern lining, this should be done only for major parts, not including belt, pockets, and piping.
If the lining needs to be sewn to the wide pleated skirt, giving her the pattern straight skirt. At the waist provide a small tuck or fold.
If the lining is intended for a skirt with the Assembly at the waist make a pattern for the main parts. Then gather the waist of the lining together with the skirt, thinking it is a single layer of fabric.
If your skirt has a full-cut pockets located in the joints, eliminate them from patterns. Meet skirts, pockets which have podkralas flank. In the future the lining is necessary to consider only the side without the pocket.
Vykraivaya the side sections of the lining, remember that they have to look like a continuous smooth line.
Calculate the length of the lining so that it ends 2.5 cm above the bottom of the skirt.
To make it easier to correctly place the lining inside the skirt, mark the pattern with the labels of the edges of the incision to vrachevanie lightning.
Gently combine the cut of the skirt and lining and sew the parts together. Ratatouille seam in different directions. If the lining fabric is crumbling – the edges of the slices.
Treat the bottom of the lining.
This lining will not cause discomfort when Ironing skirts. Because it is easy to entirely turns away from the parts of the product.
Useful advice
Skirts are usually worn over the underwear. Consequently, the lining fabric will be in contact directly with the skin of the body. Pay attention to it when choosing the fabric and give preference to natural materials. For example, viscose and cotton fabrics.

Advice 3: How to sew waistband to the skirt

Sew the skirt yourself, even novice dressmakers. Moreover, with this product a and start the sewing. As a rule, first a simple skirt-the sun is elastic and trapeze. But, my hands, craftswomen proceed to more complex models. But here it is just waiting for the first difficulties — some nodes do not succeed the first time and cause trouble.
How to sew waistband to the skirt
You will need
  • The main fabric, adhesive fabric, scissors, thread in the tone of the main cloth, pins, needles, ruler, chalk.
Very often the work is stopped on the belt. To sew the waistband to the skirt correctly and accurately requires some knowledge.
First you need to prepare yourself a belt. For this fabric the common thread cut out a strip width of 6-7 cm and make a raise in allowances of approximately 2 cm Length of the belt should be the waist and 7 cm, which have the allowances and on the zipper.
To the next zone kept the form, it needs to duplicate. This requires the adhesive fabric from which to cut out a strip the length and width of the belt. On the wrong side of the future zone in the upper part, departing from the upper edge by the amount of seam allowance, place a strip of glue and pressed with an iron.
After that, the item is folded in half inside out and sew around the edges, going for the corners about 1.5 cm seam Allowances at the corners cut out, and at the end of lines on each side make the notch. Then the waist twist, straighten corners and priorivet.
The zone of impose face on the front side of the skirt combine slices namachivajut and paving machine stitching from the belt. Then the seam round the waist, tuck his free cut on the wrong side (slice, you can just neaten to avoid layering) and namachivajut. Machine seam lay the front side or edge of the belt, either directly in the seam of primaqiune.
The finished product should be well ironed.

Advice 4: The wide application of electrolysis

In the 18-19 century made several discoveries that served as the birth of a new science of electrochemistry. Its founders were two scientists: the physiologist from Italy by L. Galvani and A. English physicist Volts. They found that when an electric current passes through an aqueous solution of any salt in this solution occur chemical processes. They are called electrolytic.
The wide application of electrolysis

What is electrolysis?

Electrolysis – it is a complex set of processes. In other words we can say that electrolysis is the migration and diffusion of ions. Also electrolysis include various electrochemical and chemical reactions occur between the products of electrolysis, between these products and the electrolyte, between them and the electrodes.

Not only for science is important to study these processes. Very important was the application of electrolysis in practice. For example, to thus obtain pure hydrogen, sodium and Nickel. Electrolytic processes are used for different purposes in the industry. So it is possible to obtain inorganic substances like oxygen, hydrogen, alkali, chlorine and other nonmetals.

Used electrolysis for purifying metals, such as gold and silver. Electrolytic processes lying in the basis of lithium, potassium, sodium, zinc, magnesium and other metals and metal alloys.

The application of electrolysis technique

The application of electrolysis technique consists in obtaining of organic substances, electroplating and coatings in the treatment of metal surfaces (electropolishing, boronovanii, cleaning and nitriding). There are also electrophoresis, electrodialysis, electroplating and other similar processes, which are used extensively in practice.

By electrolysis we can obtain one hundred percent pure metals. For example, copper. Copper ore contains oxides, compounds with sulfur and other impurity metals. The copper obtained from the ore, with all the impurities cast in plates. Then plate as the anode placed in a solution of copper sulfate (CuSO4). And then used electrolysis. To the electrodes of the bathroom is a bit of tension - and at the cathode stands out with the pure metal. All of the remaining impurities precipitate or pass into the electrolyte, not standing out at the cathode.

In the same way with the use of electrolysis to get aluminium. Here do not use aqueous solution. Instead, go in the course of molten bauxite. They contain aluminium oxide and iron oxide and silicon. After bauxite is treated with lye, a product called alumina. The alumina is immersed in a refractory furnace at the bottom and the walls which is lined with carbon plate. These plates are connected to minus power supply. To plus connect a carbon anode, passing through the wall of the furnace. When lowering the anode furnace is formed in an electric arc, molten alumina. Then this molten mass occurs electrolytic process and at the bottom of the furnace accumulate clean (up to 99.5%) aluminum, which is then poured into forms.

Advice 5: How to weave rubber band case for smartphone

Case for smartphone is not only protect the phone from external damage, but also the accessory that emphasizes the individuality of the owner. Cover woven from rubber bands loom bands is the best way to Express yourself.

For weaving a multi-colored cover with a picture diagonally need a machine for weaving from loom bands Rainbow loom, more than 200 PCs colored rubber bands and a well-lit workplace.

Take the machine out of the 12 pairs of columns and expand it to itself so that the hollows on the bars on the right looked forward, to the left of you.

For the first row take the 11 bands of the same color. Each elastic roll twice. Wear a rubber band on the machine in the form of eight diagonally from the first left column on the second right, etc.


Repeat a number of the opposite: from the first right column on the second left, etc. Should get a line crosswise. Pull the bands down to have a place for the other rows.

Take 12 rubber bands 2 of the same color. Wear them vertically on the left of the line in the usual way, to avoid twisting, combining two columns and alternating colors: six rubber bands of different colors, then six bands in the same color sequence. Latest elastic band worn horizontally, uniting the right and left columns.


The next row in the same colour scheme is repeated on the right lines. The last gum also incorporates the right column with the left.

Hook, remove the bottom band from each column to form a knot. Again, do the color number for the left line in the same sequence, skipping the first color (the image was obliquely). And so the circle. Remove the hook of the lower gum.

The following color wheel start with the third color, etc. After each mileage range remove the bottom elastic hook. The number of rows depends on the size of the phone, on average you will need about 33 rows.

Following the last round and removing all the lower bands, go back to the first left column. Place your hook in the bottom layer of the two rubber bands from the first left column and put it on the second left, the second to the third column, etc. From the last column of the gum are removed on the right side, and the braiding of the loops continues until the last right column.

In the last right column is necessary to make the fastening loop. Take the elastic and thread it through the bottom hook the elastic on the pole, tying it to the node. Carefully remove the remaining gum from the machine. Case ready.


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