The schedulecan be made manually, and by using specially designed programs. In principle, if the number of employees in organizations small enough to get creative and use simple mathematical calculations to the sheet of paper to record the exit of employees of the company. Easy to navigate, if the work of all staff subject to a unified schedule, e.g., Monday through Friday from 9:00 to 18:00. In this scenario, it is possible to do even without graphics.
In companies with a long working day in excess of 8-9 hours, it is better to use "sliding" schedule the floating holidays. The most popular variants – 2/2 or 3/3. Sometimes, however, meets and week after week, but this format used on a few plants because the labor productivity for 5-6 days strongly decreases because of accumulated fatigue in workers. For the successful implementation of the schemes requires that the number of employees was equal to the even number if there is a need for a constant human presence on the site.
Around the institutions for field personnel apply the schedule of work separating all the staff on shift. As a rule, and without schematic 2/2 no cost. Usually choose one of two options:• 2 day, 2 days off, 2 days night, 2 days off, etc.;• 1 – night, 1 – day, 2 days off etc. the Most effective is the first scheme as the employee remains enough time for rest and recuperation. In the second case, the first day off after working the night spent sleep. In fact, the employee is resting fully only the second day and on third – already going to work and the cycle repeats. However, this version of the schedule most convenient to the students combining work with study at full-time or part-time.
If the in-school have the opportunity to break the staff of 7 shifts, and most of the people in terms of specific activities must be present at work at night, you can use the 5/2 scheme. It looks like this: 2 nights (from 21:00 to 8:00), evening (from 18:00 to 22:00), afternoon (from 16:00 to 22:00), morning (8:00 to 16:00). Thus, each employee fulfills the required by law 40 hours per week, with a night out at the same time 2 shifts.
Also you can schedule the day in two, and when a sufficient number of personnel can be organized in three. This option is mainly used in the field of protection. But if you plan to apply it, you should not forget about the laid-hour rest within the change, required by the law. Therefore, at least one "extra" person on the shift should be present.
Advice 2: How to make the schedule day/three
In organizations where necessary around the clock, applies the schedule days through three. When planning, we should be guided by the norms of labor legislation. Payment according to this mode of work is done at the summarized accounting of working time. The document is approved by order of the Director, meets each employee with the scheduleof the om on receipt.
You will need
- - documents of the enterprise;
- - staffing;
- - production calendar;
- - labor legislation;
- - form of order approving the schedule.
Work schedule day/three is made by the head of Department (service). In the document fixed release date to work, as well as the beginning and the end of the day. To initially schedulee was not overtime and overtime hours, you must calculate the norm of working hours. Install them in the internal regulations of the company and inform each specialist of the structural unit a receipt.
To define norms of working hours, use of the production calendar. In the preparation scheduleand work day/three note that annual leave employees should be excluded from the calculation.
The sum of the number of hours per year, which is compiled graph. Take into account a 40-hour week, so as not to violate the law. Determine the number of weeks in 12 calendar months. Multiply them by 40.
Determine the number of vacation hours per employee. To do this, multiply 40 by the number of weeks in the 28 calendar days, that is 4. Work 160 hours.
From the number of hours subtract the number of vacation hours per employee. The result, divide by 24 (number of hours in one day). Thus, you will sum the number of working days in a year.
The number of calendar days in a year divide by the number of working days in 12 months. The result – the number of personnel to work on a schedulefrom day/three.
Make a schedule. In the first column, enter the sequence number, the second personal information of the staff, the third – personnel number of employees. Shall describe next month's numbers. Determine the release date at the workplace of each specialist in an orderly fashion. After the working day employees should be three days a week.
Familiarize each employee of the Department with a scheduleω in a month on receipt. Make an order approving the drafted document. Number it, date. In the line of acquaintance the employees should sign and date.
Advice 3: How to make a staff work schedule
From employees of each company or organization has its own schedule of work. It is individual for each company regardless of the products. However, there are some General standards that usually apply to produce such a document, as the schedule of work.
To competently and correctly to make the schedule work, you first need to take into account the duration of working time in the company. For example, if the work is carried out only in one shift, then the schedule of work should be close to the classical eight-hour working day, which will include a lunch break lasting one hour.
In addition, you need to take into account the very specifics of the work of the firm, and the daily number of visitors (clients), as well as the nuances and peculiarities of their maintenance. Each of these aspects must be analyzed, and the schedule of work, in turn, should be based on requirements of specific legal norms that regulate this type of activity.
There are several ways to make up a scheduleand work, each has not only its obvious advantages and obvious disadvantages. The choice of which schedule to implement at the production or in a commercial firm is the prerogative of company management.
Thus, the replaceable schedule of work be recommended for public catering enterprises, and various industries with continuous work. This chart provides the output of the shift employees to work, thus providing the continuity of production processes.
A rolling schedule is most suitable for firms and companies in which staff work often have to travel long and work on weekends. In this case, employees have the opportunity to make their own decisions, at what time or in what mode they can work.
On weekly charte employees must work a certain number of hours per week, that is, individual workers negotiate their own timetable of work with their leadership.
Schedule of work of employees of any company must be experts at work. Also directly involved in this process must make themselves the leaders of the company. It should be understood that a properly schedule the work will help to determine the rhythm and style of work of the company in the next few years. Therefore, to approach this case in each case must with great responsibility.