First of all, apply to the nearest medical school. In almost every region of the country there are schools, and each year nearly 50 medical academies, institutes and universities get about 30,000 doctors. Jobs for neurologist arranged for about 1,000 physicians who have undergone internship. To become in the future one of them is enough to qualify and be enrolled in medical or pediatric faculty in such an institution.
After submission complete theoretical training in biology, Russian language and chemistry exam results for these subjects are taken into account when determining admissions. Many universities conduct training courses, which will not only help to do, but will greatly facilitate the understanding of the medical items in the first year of study. Thus, the assertion "I want to become a doctor" little need substantial theoretical training.
If admission to medical school took place, then you have to go through six years training of medical and paramedical specialties. More than 50 exams 150 exams and about 11 000 hours – this tests for the 6 years required to pass every student. At the end of training future doctors have to pass the final assessment, demonstrating their skills and knowledge of the state Commission. All of the above answers the question of how to become a doctor, but, paradoxically, the person with the specialty "doctor" (it is written in the diploma) of physician work has no right. Need more specialization.
If after graduation, you still want to you get a neurologist, feel free to do the internship in this specialty. If you go into the internship year of graduation, you have the right to study on a budgetary basis. In other cases, you will have to enter into a contract with the regional sensible in which you agree to work for 3 years as a neurologist on a given Committee vacancy, or to act on a commercial basis.
Advice 2: What there are not enough doctors in hospitals
In the country in acute shortage of doctors, it officially acknowledges the Ministry of health. According to statistics, every ten thousand Russians are served by only five doctors! It is not up to the standards of the world health organization more than doubled. Across the country hospitals are staffed by medical personnel is so heterogeneous that there is no medical specialty that somewhere but not enough. But it is especially troubling that scarce were the doctors of entire branches of medicine.
Try to understand the scale of the problem – the Ministerial figures are very contradictory. In 2012, the head of Ministry of health of the Russian Federation Tatyana Golikova has published this information deficit is almost 153 thousand doctors. Most medical facilities require therapists, pulmonologists, rheumatologists, nutritionists, pediatric oncologists, nephrologists. This figure, as the Minister said, threatening and meant to be scary.
But after we got scared that next year the Ministry chose to focus public attention on a much more modest figure of 40 thousand primary care physicians – internists, pediatricians, dentists.
And the current may have been released a new figure: about 120 thousand. Indeed juggling statistics – national Russian game with a long tradition. It seems that the real number nobody knows. One can only assume that in reality it is more.
The Ministry of health notes: there are not enough doctors mostly in hospitals and clinics and in their hospitals – more than enough. Very doubtful, because almost all doctors are forced to work on a half-two rates.
Wherever you look – all the familiar faces. Dr. Ivanov, Petrov, Sidorov and in the hospital and in the clinic, and in the commercial medical center. But the staff then schedules everywhere separate, individual statements, so that rates much filled, and people seem to be different...
Why is Ivanov, Petrov, Sidorov – and here and there, here and there? Others simply do not. According to surveys of the newspaper "Trud" from forty Muscovites more than half complained about the lack of endocrinologists and radiologists. Slightly fewer complained that no ophthalmologists and pediatricians.
This list has expanded Deputy mayor honored doctor of Russia Leonid Pechatnikov, adding reanimatologists, neurologists, neonatologists, doctors radiology.
But perhaps the most scarce profession today is diagnostician. Almost all hospitals and clinics equipped with new imported ultrasound machines. Wonderful! However, many of them are idle, because doctors wistow our universities do not produce. Instead of a serious long-term training of such specialists urgently opened short-term training courses of doctors. Should we expect the qualitative conclusions from such usestop?..
And it is in Moscow with her! And what is far outside of the capital? According to T. Golikova, nationwide shortage of one hundred percent are dietitians, and pediatric oncologists. Neurologists, rheumatologists and pulmonologists are not enough to 85%. General practitioners by almost 50%.
Conversing with rural doctors, understand that in these hospitals the situation is even more critical. In the Kuban, for example, in one large district centre no dermatologist, endocrinologist, pediatric neurologist. On 60 thousand population – the only permanent ophthalmologist, a pensioner, which had long been in his seventies and she has difficulty seeing...
The situation is exacerbated by another change of generations of doctors. Leaving the last of the old doctor who will work? Graduates of medical schools don't want to go neither to the village nor a small town. After receiving the diplomas, they flock to commercial centers, pharmaceutical and perfume companies, beauty salons – it pays not a penny.
Forcing most doctors to work to wear over 15-18 thousand rubles per month, the state saves on the health of its citizens. The effectiveness of life-saving measures taken in an emergency procedure, unfortunately, leaves much to be desired.
On admission via ambulance, keep in mind that the team is required to take the patient to the hospital, which will choose it, but only in that which to this day accepts patients on schedule.
If the hospital or clinic in the community is not the right specialist, you are required to give direction in the municipal medical institution, where he is.
Advice 3: What doctors need to bypass first grade
School is an important and serious stage in a child's life. Unusual for body burden, psychological stress is inevitable for first graders. He must pass all assigned district pediatrician doctors. The child fewer missed classes because of illness, it is better to detect health problems at an early stage.
Usually a referral to various specialists prescribes by the doctor. For this you need to contact the clinic . If some of the doctor will not be on the site, will have to apply for paid services in other medical facilities. Therefore, it is better to start the examination in advance. Medical examination for admission to primary school is compulsory for all. So to avoid going to the doctors will not work.
The audiologist will check the condition of the ears and the nasopharynx of the child. The most common ENT infections (otitis, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, tonsillitis, adenoids, sinusitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis, laryngitis) need timely prevention. This is particularly necessary in the first year of schooling. That's when the body adapts to the new conditions. In a large team of infection spread faster and easier. First graders often suffer from acute respiratory diseases. In the future this may lead to such diseases as chronic tonsillitis, adenoiditis, rhinitis, etc. for Example, the adenoids obstruct the breathing of the child. In this regard, impaired pronunciation, there are problems with voice and hearing. Sometimes the doctor recommends the removal of the inflamed nasopharyngeal tonsils. But the final decision is up to the parents. The doctor will also check the child's hearing. On the identified problems need to notify the teacher. Then he will choose for a baby seat at the Desk closest to the Board.
Ophthalmologist checks visual acuity of the child. Reduced vision in the first class, may cause low academic performance of the child. As a result, the doctor may recommend wearing glasses. At school, the strain on children's eyes increases significantly. Teaching reading and writing should not eventually damage the eyesight of the child or exacerbate the problem with him.
The dentist will examine the oral cavity of a child for different diseases. Tooth and tissues around it can be a source of infections. Dental disease is often a cause of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, in this age, the milk teeth change on the root is not yet completed. It is therefore important to check the proper growth of teeth and development of occlusion.
The body of a first grader experiencing a pretty serious load on the nervous system. Irritability, nervousness, stuttering, headaches and anxiety - this is an incomplete list of the problems experienced by the child in school. The huge flow of information, the mode change and reduced physical activity have consequences for a growing body. Especially when the existing deviations. The neurologist can give appropriate guidance to parents of the future student.
Podiatrist and surgeon - here are two experts that need to attend before school. The survey can identify problems with musculoskeletal disorders, impaired posture, flat feet. Based on this, the child may be encouraged to attend lessons of physical therapy. In the presence of umbilical or inguinal hernia, the surgeon may recommend surgery.
The purpose of the visit of a speech therapist is the identification and elimination of speech disorders speech therapy means. Contribute to the successful socialization of primary school pupils in the process of adaptation to new conditions. Carrying out diagnostics of a child's speech, speech therapist identifies the need for speech therapy services and its character. It can be as regular classes, and consultations as needed.
Before you enroll in school you need to pass some tests. It is the General analysis of blood General analysis of urine, analysis of blood sugar, as well as the analysis of a feces on eggs of worms. Need to do a ECG, ultrasound of abdomen, heart, thyroid gland. For boys – ultrasound examination of reproductive organs. As the doctor observes the child's development since birth, he can appoint additional examination and consultation. For example, a cardiologist or an allergist.