Advice 1: How to become a physician, podiatrist

Traumatologist — this is the correct name for the profession. The doctors of this specialty diagnose and treat disorders of the musculoskeletal system (fractures, dislocations, wounds, various congenital and acquired deformities of the limbs). Now it is one of the fastest growing professions in medicine, it becomes clear if to point out the fact that podiatrists by number of operations and their complexities are equal to surgeons.
How to become a physician, podiatrist
You will need
  • - knowledge of anatomy and physiology;
  • - the desire to learn.
Instruction
1
To become a doctor orthopedist, start to work on it more at school. For admission to medical school must take the exam in subjects: Russian language, biology, chemistry, or take exams directly at the medical University in which you are going to do. Form of delivery and training on the subjects at Universities may vary, so make sure you check this information.
2
Act on medical faculty of medical Institute or Academy after graduating from high school or post-secondary vocational education. Period of study at the University is 6 years.
3
In medical University the first three years you will get acquainted with professions, but since the first course should pay special attention to the human anatomy, as this knowledge will help you to become a doctor a podiatrist.
4
Starting from the third year you will have the opportunity to do practical training in hospitals and to participate directly in the work. This is a very important step, you will be able to be on duty with doctors in injury-paragraph, or to work in the operating room and orthopedic Department.
5
After medical University you will receive a diploma with the qualification of the doctor (remember, the diploma specialty not specified). After graduation you need to pass 1 year of internship training in the specialty of traumatology and orthopedics. On receipt of an appropriate direction with the required specialty care must be taken at the University.
6
After the internship and the qualification exam you will receive a certificate with a qualified orthopedic traumatologist. From now on you will be able to get to work. This is the shortest way and it will take 7 years. However, to become a really good doctor, a podiatrist, it is necessary to learn throughout life.

Advice 2: How to stop scoliosis

Scoliosis is called lateral curvature of the spine. The disease can be either congenital or acquired. Cause congenital abnormalities are abnormalities of intrauterine development of the child – the fusion of ribs and vertebrae, fusion of the vertebral bodies, extra vertebrae, etc. Tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, osteochondrosis, rickets, long-term asymmetric loads on the back muscles can lead to so-called acquired scoliosis.
How to stop scoliosis
You will need
  • - physiotherapy;
  • manual massage;
  • remedial massage;
  • - physiotherapy;
  • - corrective corset.
Instruction
1
Acquired scoliosis developing in childhood and adolescence. In the period from 6 to 14 years there is intensive growth of bones and often parents don't immediately notice the first symptoms of the disease. The most accurate method of diagnosis is radiography of the spine. With its help determine the angle of spinal curvature indicating the degree of scoliosis and treatment options.
2
In the first stage, the angle of scoliosis is from 1 to 10 degrees. Manifests in easy stoop and a slight rise of one shoulder. These signs are able to notice a doctor. Treatment is aimed at strengthening the back muscles and torso that support the spine. Required massage, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics, restoring normal posture.
3
Massage helps to relax tense muscles, stimulate the weakened and stretched muscles. Manual massage can be performed only by qualified specialist, inept manipulation is able to significantly worsen the disease.
4
Physical therapy for scoliosis includes several methods of treatment, electrophoresis, electrical stimulation of muscles, heat treatments etc.
5
Therapeutic exercise, swimming is the main technique posture correction, strengthening muscles of the back.
6
With 2 degrees of scoliosis angle up to 25 degrees. The symptoms are more noticeable and shoulders, and the blades are arranged asymmetrically. Appear periodic back pain. Treatment includes all the same techniques correction of the spine, but uses a special corrective corset.
7
The corset is made to order. Wearing the start with several hours, gradually increasing the time spent in the body of the patient. After the adaptation was not removed even at night. There should be continuous monitoring by the doctor-orthopedist.
8
Scoliosis of the third degree is treatable with the help of corrective corset, but the duration of treatment is considerably greater than in the second degree. The angle of scoliosis reaches 50 degrees, which causes constant severe back pain, deformity expressed it, the appearance of the protrusion in the rib area.
9
At this stage you may be recommended surgery to establish a special stabilizing system. Before the operation the necessary preparation – spine traction for several months.
10
The fourth degree of scoliosis with the angle more than 51 degrees characterized by severe deformation of the trunk, retraction of the ribs on one side and bulging on the other. Typically, the surgical treatment but it is recommended only in case of ineffectiveness of other treatment methods.
Note
Chest deformity leads to disruption and compression of the chest cavity, causing shortness of breath, feeling disruptions of the heart, chest pain etc.
Useful advice
The formation of the child's correct posture will help to avoid many health problems in the future. The main methods of formation of posture include proper planting at the table, physiotherapy, swimming, massage.

Advice 3: To what doctor to address, if the sore feet

Foot problems are familiar to many people. And it's often not age-related changes, as is commonly thought. Heaviness, swelling, spider veins and much more able to suck the joy out of life. The main thing – as soon as possible to go to the doctor and get the necessary help.
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Who to go to



First of all, you need to turn to a local therapist, who will examine the foot, prescribe common tests and refer for x-rays. After the results, the therapist is likely to give direction to a more narrow specialist. They can become a neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, phlebologist etc.

It happens in almost all municipal clinics. If you guess, what is your disease, that can be sent directly to a specific specialist. What – tell the receptionist of the clinic.


The character of the pain is different



If during the day you suffer from nagging pain, there is a desire to lie down and elevate your legs higher, it is likely that you have problems with the veins, hence, you should contact phlebologist or vascular surgeon. And then followed by a likely direction for the ultrasound. Women after 35 years is generally indicated consultation phlebologist, as they are more men exposed to varicose veins.

A vascular surgeon will help, if pain in the calf. Nature – compressing, chilling, worse when walking. Perhaps the reason lies in the atherosclerosis of the arteries.

Radiating pain in the legs, inability to lift weights due to the onset of pain talks about osteoarthritis, which is different. Contact your neurologist or spine. Pains in spine, radiating to the sciatic nerve? The reason may be a neuritis (inflammation) of the sciatic nerve. It is necessary to consult a neurologist.

Serious disease is thrombosis arteries. Its symptoms – diffuse pain in the region of blood clots. The limb is at first pale, then turn blue. The treatment of this disease surgeon. Common are diseases of the knee, in particular arthritis of the knee joint. Arthritis can cause severe pain in the feet. In this case, treatment will be appointed by the surgeon.

If your pain is a consequence of any injuries, then go on reception to the surgeon or orthopedist. These professionals will also help with such common diseases as flat feet.


It is impossible to ignore



Remember, foot pain can be caused by various diseases, sometimes very heavy. Because at the slightest concern please contact the staff. Because timely diagnosis and qualified assistance increase the chances of a speedy recovery.

Advice 4: What kind of doctor be better

The medical profession is undoubtedly one of the noblest in existence. Since ancient times, doctors with great dedication fulfill their direct duties.
The doctor
It is quite difficult to make a choice in a huge number of medical specializations. First, it is recommended to correctly set personal priorities and, based on them, to go in a particular direction.


Some tend to think that some of the professionals come into the profession in view of the prevailing circumstances. For example, a large number of places in residency in skin diseases will lead to an influx of students who will become the future dermatologists.


How to decide on a specialization




It is extremely important not only to choose the right direction, but also be a true professional. It is to this doctor trying to get patients. Such a specialist will always be in demand, with the result that in any case will be able to feed themselves and their families.


You should really assess your inclinations, abilities and preferences. If the person quickly finds common language with children, it makes sense to think about Pediatrics. The desire to help elderly persons with heart disease suggests the need to become a cardiologist with a primary service adult patients.


Special attention requires the profession of oncologist. In his work requires the dedication and stamina to the misfortunes of others. Such a specialist should be able very clearly to plan the treatment plan and determine rehabilitation nuances.


In the process of graduating from medical schools after the internship there is a possibility to acquire a profession of a pediatrician or therapist. In order to become a narrow specialist, you must complete the specialization.


Which doctors are most in demand




Recommended to refresh your memory, what exactly does a certain doctor. Neonatologist, for example, watching babies under the age of one month usually works on the basis of maternity clinics and advise young mothers about the health of kids.


An orthopedist is a surgeon specializing in diseases of the joints, bones and spine in General. Often combines the profession with the surgical direction. The duties of the trauma includes treatment of fractures, dislocations, bruises. Specialization is very necessary for patients of all ages is considered to be neuroscience. This doctor will help if you experience problems with the nervous system. Diseases of this nature can be either acquired or congenital. This refers to the impact of traumatic brain injuries and birth complications, and infections.


It should be noted that in addition to the list of diseases, there are differences in the salaries of doctors. Many, not having jobs, well earn. Others are forced to work multiple shifts. It depends on the demand of specialization and expertise of the doctor. Naturally, the health worker, having higher education, degree, actively attending courses and medforum can offer patients much more than those who do not do any action in addition to performing job duties. Thus, wanting to have a stable income, should daily self-improvement.

Advice 5: What doctors need to bypass first grade

School is an important and serious stage in a child's life. Unusual for body burden, psychological stress is inevitable for first graders. He must pass all assigned district pediatrician doctors. The child fewer missed classes because of illness, it is better to detect health problems at an early stage.
What doctors need to bypass first grade
Instruction
1
Usually a referral to various specialists prescribes by the doctor. For this you need to contact the clinic . If some of the doctor will not be on the site, will have to apply for paid services in other medical facilities. Therefore, it is better to start the examination in advance. Medical examination for admission to primary school is compulsory for all. So to avoid going to the doctors will not work.
2
The audiologist will check the condition of the ears and the nasopharynx of the child. The most common ENT infections (otitis, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, tonsillitis, adenoids, sinusitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis, laryngitis) need timely prevention. This is particularly necessary in the first year of schooling. That's when the body adapts to the new conditions. In a large team of infection spread faster and easier. First graders often suffer from acute respiratory diseases. In the future this may lead to such diseases as chronic tonsillitis, adenoiditis, rhinitis, etc. for Example, the adenoids obstruct the breathing of the child. In this regard, impaired pronunciation, there are problems with voice and hearing. Sometimes the doctor recommends the removal of the inflamed nasopharyngeal tonsils. But the final decision is up to the parents. The doctor will also check the child's hearing. On the identified problems need to notify the teacher. Then he will choose for a baby seat at the Desk closest to the Board.
3
Ophthalmologist checks visual acuity of the child. Reduced vision in the first class, may cause low academic performance of the child. As a result, the doctor may recommend wearing glasses. At school, the strain on children's eyes increases significantly. Teaching reading and writing should not eventually damage the eyesight of the child or exacerbate the problem with him.
4
The dentist will examine the oral cavity of a child for different diseases. Tooth and tissues around it can be a source of infections. Dental disease is often a cause of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Moreover, in this age, the milk teeth change on the root is not yet completed. It is therefore important to check the proper growth of teeth and development of occlusion.
5
The body of a first grader experiencing a pretty serious load on the nervous system. Irritability, nervousness, stuttering, headaches and anxiety - this is an incomplete list of the problems experienced by the child in school. The huge flow of information, the mode change and reduced physical activity have consequences for a growing body. Especially when the existing deviations. The neurologist can give appropriate guidance to parents of the future student.
6
Podiatrist and surgeon - here are two experts that need to attend before school. The survey can identify problems with musculoskeletal disorders, impaired posture, flat feet. Based on this, the child may be encouraged to attend lessons of physical therapy. In the presence of umbilical or inguinal hernia, the surgeon may recommend surgery.
7
The purpose of the visit of a speech therapist is the identification and elimination of speech disorders speech therapy means. Contribute to the successful socialization of primary school pupils in the process of adaptation to new conditions. Carrying out diagnostics of a child's speech, speech therapist identifies the need for speech therapy services and its character. It can be as regular classes, and consultations as needed.
8
Before you enroll in school you need to pass some tests. It is the General analysis of blood General analysis of urine, analysis of blood sugar, as well as the analysis of a feces on eggs of worms. Need to do a ECG, ultrasound of abdomen, heart, thyroid gland. For boys – ultrasound examination of reproductive organs. As the doctor observes the child's development since birth, he can appoint additional examination and consultation. For example, a cardiologist or an allergist.
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