Periodontal disease can develop at any age. But it often occurs after 35 years. And this is due to many reasons. Gradually the demineralization of the organism, metabolic disorders (gout, diabetes, diseases of the endocrine system). In some cases, plays the role of bad dental care, caries and malocclusion, which put additional strain on the teeth and gums. Together or individually, these reasons can lead to bleeding gums, inflammation, swelling and pain.
Sore gums usually appears early in the disease and occurs each time when brushing your teeth, in biting and chewing solid food. And because of sore gums of the teeth begin to react to hot and cold foods, mouth breathing cold air, sour and sweet.
With the development of the inflammatory process may occur detachment of the gums from the tooth and the formation of "gum pockets" in which to accumulate pathogenic microorganisms that are even more aggravating the disease. Often from under the gums starts purulent discharge and an unpleasant putrid breath.
Pain in the gums can be localized, i.e. only around one tooth, for example, in periodontitis – inflammation of the root membrane of the tooth. It is preceded by a trauma (when strong pressure is applied during raskusyvanii solid food), and predisplay cavities or crowns. In periodontitis, the tooth becomes sensitive during prokusyvanie, and with festering gums can become inflamed and sore. This disease can also have serious complications, and therefore requires treatment.
In case of untimely treatment of periodontitis and periodontitis softening of the tooth adjacent to the gums, its loosening and loss. Moreover, the inflammation may spread to the entire surface of the gums and lead to the loss of many teeth. To prevent unpleasant effects of the disease treatment should undergo at the dentist.