Although the name "ENT" many patients of Russian medical institutions is perceived as an independent word, in fact it is an acronym formed from the name of the field activities of this expert.


ENT is an abbreviation by the first letters of the term "laryngostenosis". That's a long word, in turn derived from three ancient Greek roots, each of which represents a specific area of medical practice. Thus, "laryngitis" in this language means "throat" or "throat", from, "ear", and "Rhino - "nose". Thus, the full name of a specialist in translation from ancient Greek into Russian language means "throat-ear-nose - familiar to many from childhood the phrase, only in unusual order. In fact, this is the order of words in the term used in the abbreviation ENT, primarily due to the reduction in readability in this situation the original terms.


The more usual option, which is often used by the parents to explain to their children that he treats the doctor, is the phrase "ear-throat-nose". This word order to denote this specialist has its own rationale. Drawing attention to ancient Greek the writing of the respective roots, it is easy to understand that such a sequence corresponds to the term "otolaryngologist".

In turn, the title "otolaryngologist" means a physician specializing in the relevant subject area - otolaryngology. His areas of expertise covers a broad range of pathologies of the nasal cavity, throat and ear. Among the most common problems that a specialist has to face in the process of receiving patients include otitis media, rhinitis (runny nose) and sinusitis, sore throats, laryngitis, tonsillitis and other common diseases. While to a specialist refer patients who have symptoms in the throat, ear or nose have different origins: they can be due to trauma, exposure to infections or allergic reactions.

In this regard, otolaryngology is one of the most popular areas of medicine: experts in the field of medical statistics say that in world practice the treatment of ENT specialist doctors make 12 to 15% of all patient visits to medical institutions. Moreover, among the cases of children and young people a large part of the causes of the pathologies are trauma and infection, whereas among patients in the senior category - age-related changes.