The types of eye ointments
Eye ointments drops differ from their more viscous consistency. When using the ointment is laid over the lower eyelid. For this reason, may experience temporary blurred vision. This is due to the presence of the ointment on the surface of the cornea. In a few minutes blurred eyes should go.
Eye ointments are of two types: antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. The first is eritromicina and tetracycline ointment for the eyes, while the second - hydrocortisone ointment.
Indications for use ointment for eyes
Tetracycline ointment is assigned to a specialist for treatment of inflammatory diseases of the eye associated with infection by microorganisms sensitive to the composition of ointments. The drug tetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It affects such microorganisms as Streptococcus, Salmonella, gonococcus, Staphylococcus, E. coli and others.
Tetracycline ointment is indicated for inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye – conjunctivitis; century – blepharitis; corneal – keratitis; infectious eye disease – trachoma.
The drug is contraindicated in case of Allergy of the patient to the components, children under five years, pregnant and breastfeeding, in the treatment of viral and fungal diseases.
Eritromicina ointment is a natural macrolide antibiotic. This drug is used to treat diseases that are caused by chlamydia, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma and others. The effect of the drug is bacteriostatic. The ointment has an antibacterial action on many harmful microorganisms, including bacteria resistant to other antibiotics.
Eritromicina ointment prescribed for allergies to penicillin. The disadvantage of this ointment is that resistance of microorganisms to the drug. This remedy is indicated for diseases of the eye, including newborns, bacterial, blepharitis, keratitis, chlamydia, trachoma. Contraindications to the use of this ointment is heavy liver dysfunction and hypersensitivity.
Hydrocortisone ointment is recommended for the treatment of inflammatory eye diseases. The drug has anti-inflammatory, antiedematous and anti-allergic effect. Ointment reduces redness and inflammation, reduces migration of leukocytes and lymphocytes at the site of inflammation.
Hydrocortisone ointment prescribed when conjunctivitis, blepharitis. Also it is used for inflammation of the anterior segment of the eye, the iris – iritis, corneal keratitis, iris, ciliary body of the eye - iridotsiklite, choroid – uveitis.
The drug should not use in viral and fungal infectious diseases of the eye, the violation of the integrity of the corneal epithelium, trachoma, tuberculosis of the eye, in the vaccination period.