Advice 1: How to treat the eyes of the red-eared terrapins

Many people choose slider turtles as Pets because of their simplicity. In nature, they have a fairly good health, but in the home require attention. From poor care and wrong food slider turtles can develop various eye diseases. How to treat them?
How to treat the eyes of the red-eared terrapins
Panophthalmitis – inflammation of the membranes of the eyesthat occurs due to the penetration under the cornea pathogenic bacteria. In the first stage of the disease affects only the lower eyelid of the animal, then there is clouding of the eye. If this disease is not treated, the eye may go blind. For the treatment panophthalmitis use of ointment and eye drops with antibiotics.
Swelling of the eyelids have slider turtles may appear due to a lack of vitamin A or due to dirty water. Swelling may be unilateral or bilateral, complete or incomplete. This disease causes the animal severe discomfort, the turtle may frequently RUB the eye, because of what their condition is getting worse. Before starting treatment, you should wash the cage and change the water. The animal's eyes must be washed with 3% solution of boric acid or decoction of chamomile 2 times a day and instilled eye drops, for example, sulfacetamide. In severe cases you can apply tetracycline ointment.
The conjunctivitis occur in trachemys turtles streptococcal and staphylococcal infections. In this case, the animal's inflamed conjunctival pouches and eyelids. Treat conjunctivitis ointment with chloramphenicol or tetracycline. When severe inflammation antibiotics are prescribed inside.
Any eye disease the turtle requires taking multivitamin preparations. The best option - veterinary "Elevit". You can also give "Intravit" and "Multivit". Other vitamin complexes are not suitable because the content of vitamin D2 which is toxic to turtles. Don't forget to feed the pet with tweezers – eye diseases often make the turtle is almost blind, and she can't find food.
Useful advice
Veterinarians are strongly advised to contact them when the first symptoms of the disease. Self-medicate you can hurt your pet, and to fix the damage will be very difficult.

Advice 2: How to treat eyes kitten

Disease eyes - it is not uncommon for kittens. Often they may indicate the development of serious diseases. If other symptoms are not present, so we need to treat it the eyes of your furry pet.
How to treat eyes kitten
If your kitten watery eyes, but the allocation is transparent, the eye is not red and not swollen, the purring there is no temperature, he's not throwing up, he does not cough and sneeze, activity appetite is not reduced, it may cause watery eyes - worms. Give your pet a de-worming medication and watch him. If one or more of the above symptoms are present, the kitten is developing a serious illness, take him to the vet.
If discharge from the eyes furry baby rich, white-yellow, is suspected conjunctivitis. Rinse eyes a little humming decoction of chamomile and the lower eyelid of the eye put 1% tetracycline ointment 2-3 times a day. At the discharge from the eyes is reddish-brown, Eyewash, use a drop of "Cipromed" or "Ciprobid" 1 drop, 2 times a day for weeks. A universal remedy for all inflammatory diseases are homeopathic remedies - "Aconite", "Belladonna", "bryony". They let the kitten inside 2 units x 2 times per day.
When the pus from the eye pet wash with calendula tincture - 5 drops per tablespoon of water. Use homeopathic remedies until you find the one that best helps the kitten. They are absolutely harmless. But perhaps for treatment would be enough of a "Whitefella". Use it strictly according to instructions. If your pet watery eyes, and the hair around them dry, drip him levomicetinom drops 1 - 2 drops x 3 times a day.
If the eye is injured, immediately show the kitten the vet. To the vet at the end of the eye conjunctiva and rinse them with a solution furatsilina (1 tablet in a glass of boiled water). Or drip into eyes, fluffy drops with antibiotics. When the corner of eye red swollen, to go to the doctor use drops with antibiotics. This is a prolapse of the gland of Garder, so the sooner the vet right gland, the greater the likelihood of successful treatment.
Do not self-medicate, in any case, it is better to take the kitten to the vet.

Advice 3: How to treat eyes kitten

Agile and playful kittens often suffer from various eye diseases. They can hurt them while playing or to bring in them the infection. Veterinarians have noted that in recent increase in cases of diseases of viral and allergic. Whatever the reason that caused the malaise, it is better to show the animal to the specialist, but even if this is not possible, to treat the eyes of the kitten must.
How to treat eyes kitten
You will need
  • - Drop Bars;
  • - antihistamine "Parasitic";
  • is chamomile tea;
  • - eye drops "Tobradex", "Ciprolet", "iris".
If you notice that the kitten eye mucus, its a small amount is natural. To alert you should the abundant incessant tearing, it is a typical symptom of the onset of the disease. This is not necessarily ocular disease may be, for example, rhinotracheitis, these symptoms can cause and internal infection. Before it is inspected by the vet, put him in the eye drops "bars", they washed my eyes with trauma, for the treatment and prevention of conjunctivitis, keratitis and blepharitis.
If the kitten after sleeping for centuries on the edges of the eyes appear brown dark brown, this symptom can be a symptom of the presence of worms, which can be cured "Parasitica" (for kittens in the form of suspension). During treatment the eyes it can be washed by pipette infusion of chamomile or sleeping tea. Control appetite and the toilet of a kitten.
The most frequent eye disease in kittens is conjunctivitis – inflammation of the inner lining of a century. The reason it can be a mechanical injury and many infectious diseases, including feline panleukopenia (distemper). Determine the cause of the nature of the discharge from the eyes. Pathogenic bacteria can cause purulent discharge, serous – are often the result of a viral infection, the mucous membranes and allergic conjunctivitis.
Purulent discharge and "souring" of the eyes caused by pollution and lack of hygiene typical for homeless animals, you can cure eye drops "Tobradex", by washing with a tincture of chamomile or Furacilinum. Good effect gives tetracycline ointment, but before you lay it, be sure to rinse the animal's eyes, clearing the front of this allocation with a sterile bandage.
In severe cases, when the kitten observed in septic ulcers of the cornea, ulcers on the eyelids, others pronounced infections of the anterior segment of the eye, and severe damage and trauma to the eyeball and surrounding tissues, you will come to the aid drops "iris". Corneal ulcers and severe cases of acute conjunctivitis can also be treated with eye drops "Ciprolet", but it is better in such conditions to seek the help of a veterinarian.
Useful advice
The mucus from the eye of a kitten can be caused by an allergic reaction to food. If you have been introduced into his diet a new bait, eliminate them for a time, to make sure that cause "souring" the eyes are they.

Advice 4: Proper maintenance of the red-eared terrapins

Trachemys is in great demand among breeders. Its carapace is quite flat, with age on it drawn patterns in the form of yellow stripes. The name of the turtle was due to the presence of bright red spots behind the eye. Like any other pet trachemys needs proper care and maintenance.
Proper maintenance of the red-eared terrapins

Care and maintenance

Slider turtles live a long time (not less than thirty years), but irresponsible and untrained owner can shorten the life of your pet for up to three years. This species of tortoise need to be kept in spacious vivariums. For one turtle you'll need aquarium 150-200 liters. The water should be warm and clean.

Although this reptile, and spends almost all the time in the water, he still needed land, where he could rest and walk. Therefore, the aquarium needs to be comfortable, a gradually rising slope. The Bank needs to be rough so that the tortoise can easily cling to it with their claws. Ideal if drying will take no less than a quarter of the area of the aquarium.
The young shell is of a bright green color, with time it becomes yellow-brown or olive.

For water purification you can use the external aquarium filter of any type. Young slider turtles will grow faster if the water in the aquarium will be clean. For complete replacement, it is recommended to use a pooled water (change water as needed but at least once a week). Turtles need warmth, so should be set over the island of the incandescent lamp, its heat is wonderful, and the light more like the sun.

Be sure to get the UV lamp in the cold season of the turtles is irradiated with the light for three minutes at a distance of half a meter. All animals and reptiles need sunlight, so in summer it is recommended to walk with a turtle, the temperature should not be below 25C. If pet's nails are too long, carefully trim them with nail clippers.
Be careful, as the claws are blood vessels.

What to feed a turtle?

Pond slider turtles are happy to eat and pelleted feeds, and meat, and bloodworms. To fix a calcium deficiency, turtles need to be given boiled fish (low-fat varieties). The diet of the pet must not consist solely of meat, as the turtle may become ill with rickets. In the menu should include animal food, with age, better to give preference to plant foods. Under two years of age feed your turtle every day, Pets are older enough to feed two to three times a week.

Place the food near the water's edge. When trachemys'll get used to it, you can start to feed her on the island, putting food in a saucer of water. Pet should not experience a shortage in the vegetable Korma, give them the young leaves of cabbage and lettuce, and a variety of pond algae. Remember, if in your aquarium are fish, turtle can eat them.

Advice 5: The red-eared terrapins: care and maintenance

If you want to get a pet, namely red-turtle before buying it, you need to know how it needs to be fed and in what conditions contain. After all, this will depend on the lifetime of the pet.
Care and maintenance of the pond slider turtles
Trachemys hails from the family of American freshwater turtles. It has a medium size body: length of the carapace ranges from 18 to 30 cm, depending on sex and subspecies of individuals. A life expectancy of approximately 30 years. This exotic reptile does not require special care, but these peace-loving and stubborn creatures would not be amiss to know some rules.

Feeding the turtles

Good care of slider turtles primarily involves proper feeding. All the turtles are diurnal animals, it significantly affects their diet. The main part of the diet are animal feed: bloodworm, earthworm, Tubifex and dry aquarium food.

All the turtles are happy to eat gamarus – water crustaceans, as in the living and in the dried form. All the above will be enough for the young turtles. An adult can I give beef or chicken, cooked or raw. Must be in the diet of adult turtles have to log insects: cockroaches, beetles, larvae flour castaneum.

The coil horn and the great pond snail are few representatives of the snails that can be included in a menu slider turtles. Two or three times a week you can give them fish, pieces of which before you need to rinse with boiling water.

It must be remembered that the health of reptiles depends on the amount of vitamins in the feed, so if you are not sure that the diet is sufficient vitamins, then you must separately add them to the food. For example, vitamins a and D in form of oil solution should be available to all who keep turtles. Once a week you want to add a few opelvillen D on a piece of food, and vitamin A –every two weeks.

How to care for red-turtle?

Content slider turtles seriously complicates such a time as the organization of water and ground space. The difficulty is that unlike other Pets, turtles of this type requires two elements: water and land. Most of the time they spend in the water, but drying them is also vital.

The volume of vivariums in terms of bug should be about 150 gallons, but not less than 100 litres. Drying in the form of Islands should take at least the fourth part of the whole space. The water must be changed monthly.

Contrary to popular belief, the red-eared terrapins are very nimble, you can even say, agile creatures, so the glass walls of the vivariums must be above the highest point of the "island" of at least 35 inches.

So the turtle was warm and cozy, vivariums must be equipped with incandescent lamp, located on the "island". If it is sufficiently hot, it will no longer be necessary to further heat the water.

Regrowth of the beak and claws of a turtle

If not long enough to clip a turtle's nails, they will grow so much that will hinder her to move on . Nails should be periodically trimmed. You can do this with special scissors or inviting to the vet. Beak trim in any case impossible. With his help, the turtle has the ability to eat meat, tearing it into small pieces.

Advice 6: Why the red-eared terrapins became soft shell

Often as a pet people give birth to a turtle, and most often red. On the market they sell very quickly, which is evidence of the growing popularity of this species of reptiles.
Why the red-eared terrapins became soft shell


Systematics of the species trachemys turtles are very messy. Their carapace is relatively flat. The young of these reptiles observed the light green tint of the shell, with age, the color changes into light brown or olive, then it appears the patterns having the form of vertical yellow stripes that are particularly visible in the water. Behind eye the red-eared terrapins is the red spot elongated shape. Thanks to him, it owes its name. On the head, neck, and limbs of reptiles there are stripes of white and light green colors.

The maintenance and care of slider turtles

The red-eared terrapins live long enough. Their average length of life in good conditions is about 30 years. To keep these pet reptiles need only spacious aquaterrarium. Fish tank for one turtle must have a volume of from 100 to 150 L. the Greater part of his life trachemys turtles spend in the water. However, for recreation and walks, they still need drying. Your attentive hosts are attached to the wall of the aquarium plastic island and limited. But really, it's not enough. Climbed turtle will be difficult. In specialized stores you can find Islands for turtles, which meet all the requirements. The size of the accessory must be at least a quarter of the area of the aquarium.

Why the tortoise shell can become soft and what to do in this case?

The red-eared terrapins - being weak, and even living in captivity, can get sick at any moment. A sign that the turtle is not healthy are symptoms such as soft shell, sluggish behavior, poor appetite. The turtle shell is softened due to lack of UV light, that pet can lead to the deterioration of the absorption of minerals and vitamins.

To avoid problems with the health of the turtles it should be regularly irradiated with ultraviolet light, which is sold in almost any pet store or a specialized online store. This is a mandatory condition of captivity the red-eared terrapins, are able to maintain her health.

In the diet of the red-eared terrapins have to be raw fish. In such foods containing small bones fish, essential for proper nutrition home reptiles. You can additionally give your pet calcium and vitamins. But we should not mix them with the main food of the red-eared terrapins. They are readily soluble in water and have a positive effect on her health.
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