Advice 1: How to paint with oil paints

In order to learn how to paint with oil paints should:
How to paint with oil paints
  1. To acquire oil art paint.
  2. You will need paint thinner.
  3. Now it is a picturesque basis on which you will draw. Oil paints can be paint on rigid, semi-rigid and flexible basis. Rigid base — Board and plywood, hardboard and particle Board, metal Board. Semi-rigid base — Board. Elastic material — canvas. Canvas as painting framework is most prevalent. Better if for the first experiments you will acquire a primed canvas, cardboard or plywood.
  4. It is advisable to purchase an easel and sketchbook.
  5. Paint-mixing will need a palette. Buy the plastic, or use as a palette, a white dish, ceramic tile.
  6. Brush is what you will draw. They come in large, medium and small, hard and soft, flat and pointed end. Best brush from the hair kolinsky, weasel and squirrel. For the first time buy 3-4 different size brush.

Now you have everything to paint with oil paints. Of course, it's good to acquire any benefits in painting, to explore the concept of perspective, composition, main properties of color and light. Think about the theme of his first work, composition, perspective, color scheme, paint your design on the canvas and start painting in oil.

Methods of applying oil paint can be various, but the leading two are:
Layered. In this method, paint is applied in several stages and the work process is divided into:

  • underpainting — the first registration pattern color, the preparatory stage. It is performed with a thin layer of liquid paint on a primed basis. Underpainting can be done with one tone, in black and white decision, or multicolor.
  • registration. On a well dried underpainting is made further residence. Each residence should have a good dry.
  • the glazing — on the dried out the resident applied the final layer is thin, transparent and translucent strokes.
  • Alla prima — with this method the paint is placed on wet basis, in a single layer. This kind of oil painting gives you the opportunity to finish the study in one session and is more simple in technical terms. Until the paint has dried, you should try to write as much as possible. To write on wet paint as long as it allows you to mix with other colors.

    Try, experiment, copy of old master paintings. Discover the benefits of different genres of oil painting — it will help you to achieve faster progress.

    Advice 2: How to draw oil painting

    Oil painting is one of the most common techniques for drawing pictures. Oil paints provide painting durability. Color over time do not deteriorate, and the technique provides opportunities and at the same time isn't overly complex, which allows her to learn quickly.
    Painting with oil is not so difficult, the most difficult is to try
    You will need
    • Easel, brushes, paints, thinner, palette, paints, palette knife, cloths, primed surface: canvas on stretcher, cardboard or canvas on cardboard
    For drawing you will need stretched on a canvas stretcher or other surface suitable for painting with oil paints. Also used cardboard or canvas mounted on cardboard. All surfaces must be primed. If you are just beginning to paint with oil, it is better to buy ready primed canvas in the store.
    An easel is a device that raises the subframe with the picture. Without an easel to draw extremely uncomfortable. Also you and other useful tools, including a palette knife – a special spatula, which is convenient to mix the paint. There is even a technique of painting with palette knife.
    Brush – usually young artists become the brush of stiff bristles, but also useful and a soft brush. You can draw almost anything, the main thing - do not do this with your fingers because the paint and substances contained in their composition are very toxic. They can penetrate through the skin into the body and cause poisoning.
    Before you begin writing oil, mix paint to desired shade on the palette. This will help the spatula. To clear brush on paint, use a solvent and cloth. It is best to shade mixing no more than three colors. The traditional material palette – wood, but the glass is also great because it does not absorb paint and will not react with them.
    As a solvent turpentine is often used, but it is quite toxic. Today there are less toxic solvents with more pleasant odors, pleasant to use them.
    After you have finished writing, the brush should be rinsed in solvent and then wash in warm water using soap or shampoo. Brush is recommended not to put in the box, and keep the Cup so they could dry. It is best to install in a container of solvent for cleaning brushes additional the bottom with holes. So the paint chips will settle on the bottom without interfering with the rinse of the brush, and the lifetime of the solvent can be substantially extended.
    The painting process of the individual. Everyone uses their own techniques and tricks. Of course, drawing skills will be useful to anyone who decided to engage in oil painting. Usually before you start the main drawing canvas underpainting is applied. It outlines who write very dilute paint. They are practically invisible. Then begins drawing itself. Oil paint is applied in layers over time, more working through the details.
    Useful advice
    When the painting is finished and has dried, it is coated with lacquer. Usually waiting about a year to paint completely dry. Lacquer coating helps to protect the paint on the painting from shedding and interaction with air. So, the picture is stored much longer.

    Advice 3: How to draw oil pastel

    Oil pastel is very different from dry pastels. And use them together is not recommended. As the name implies, oil pastels, pigment it is associated with oil, and creates a dense and buttery texture. Of course, compared to soft pastels, the choice of colors is more limited, and gradations of light less. However, the color ranges of this material gradually increased.
    How to draw oil pastel
    The color layers can be created with crayons, oil pastels the same as soft pastels or pencils. However, because of their lubricity, there is a tendency of rapid clogging of the grain of the paper. So try to just work with oil pastels easy, not much pressing on the paper. It is best to use only the tip of the pastel sticks. And try to keep it closer to the end – you can't do much to her.
    Wash in the usual way with oil pastels you will not succeed. But it can be cleaned. If you make a mistake or want to change part of a picture, take a rag, dip it in white spirit or turpentine, and gently wash color. Then wait until the paper is dry, and continue to apply the finishing touches.
    Let's try to draw a small still life. Now, draw the outline of the orange and lemon (for example) yellow pastel. A paper in this case, it is better to use a bluish-gray, to provide contrast between the bright yellow and orange hues.
    Causing diagonal lines in orange on both fruits, put yellow. Strokes let it remain open, so you can add color without clogging the paper. After the installation of the primary colors can introduce more contrast and to use the additional orange blue.
    Stir the shadows on both main fruit color, to neutralize them. To gain additional contrast around the fruit add the gray color is slightly darker shade than used paper. Now you create a form, add the highlights and emphasize shadows.
    To give the fruit of solidity and texture, experiment with color mixing. Add fruit and beneath them the orange color light touches of the chalk pastels. This is necessary in order to associate the fruit with the background. Well, a simple still life is ready.
    Useful advice
    The technique of rubbing the pattern with your finger for the purpose of mixing colors in the case of oil pastel is not running. Keep this in mind. But the mixing effect can be achieved in another way: apply color on one another, pushing hard on the sticks of oil pastels.
    Is the advice useful?