Advice 1: How to paint with oil paints

In order to learn how to paint with oil paints should:
  1. To acquire oil art paint.
  2. You will need paint thinner.
  3. Now it is a picturesque basis on which you will draw. Oil paints can be paint on rigid, semi-rigid and flexible basis. Rigid base — Board and plywood, hardboard and particle Board, metal Board. Semi-rigid base — Board. Elastic material — canvas. Canvas as painting framework is most prevalent. Better if for the first experiments you will acquire a primed canvas, cardboard or plywood.
  4. It is advisable to purchase an easel and sketchbook.
  5. Paint-mixing will need a palette. Buy the plastic, or use as a palette, a white dish, ceramic tile.
  6. Brush is what you will draw. They come in large, medium and small, hard and soft, flat and pointed end. Best brush from the hair kolinsky, weasel and squirrel. For the first time buy 3-4 different size brush.

Now you have everything to paint with oil paints. Of course, it's good to acquire any benefits in painting, to explore the concept of perspective, composition, main properties of color and light. Think about the theme of his first work, composition, perspective, color scheme, paint your design on the canvas and start painting in oil.

Methods of applying oil paint can be various, but the leading two are:
Layered. In this method, paint is applied in several stages and the work process is divided into:

  • underpainting — the first registration pattern color, the preparatory stage. It is performed with a thin layer of liquid paint on a primed basis. Underpainting can be done with one tone, in black and white decision, or multicolor.
  • registration. On a well dried underpainting is made further residence. Each residence should have a good dry.
  • the glazing — on the dried out the resident applied the final layer is thin, transparent and translucent strokes.
  • Alla prima — with this method the paint is placed on wet basis, in a single layer. This kind of oil painting gives you the opportunity to finish the study in one session and is more simple in technical terms. Until the paint has dried, you should try to write as much as possible. To write on wet paint as long as it allows you to mix with other colors.

    Try, experiment, copy of old master paintings. Discover the benefits of different genres of oil painting — it will help you to achieve faster progress.

    Advice 2: How to draw oil painting

    Oil painting is one of the most common techniques for drawing pictures. Oil paints provide painting durability. Color over time do not deteriorate, and the technique provides opportunities and at the same time isn't overly complex, which allows her to learn quickly.
    You will need
    • Easel, brushes, paints, thinner, palette, paints, palette knife, cloths, primed surface: canvas on stretcher, cardboard or canvas on cardboard
    Instruction
    1
    For drawing you will need stretched on a canvas stretcher or other surface suitable for painting with oil paints. Also used cardboard or canvas mounted on cardboard. All surfaces must be primed. If you are just beginning to paint with oil, it is better to buy ready primed canvas in the store.
    2
    An easel is a device that raises the subframe with the picture. Without an easel to draw extremely uncomfortable. Also you and other useful tools, including a palette knife – a special spatula, which is convenient to mix the paint. There is even a technique of painting with palette knife.
    3
    Brush – usually young artists become the brush of stiff bristles, but also useful and a soft brush. You can draw almost anything, the main thing - do not do this with your fingers because the paint and substances contained in their composition are very toxic. They can penetrate through the skin into the body and cause poisoning.
    4
    Before you begin writing oil, mix paint to desired shade on the palette. This will help the spatula. To clear brush on paint, use a solvent and cloth. It is best to shade mixing no more than three colors. The traditional material palette – wood, but the glass is also great because it does not absorb paint and will not react with them.
    5
    As a solvent turpentine is often used, but it is quite toxic. Today there are less toxic solvents with more pleasant odors, pleasant to use them.
    6
    After you have finished writing, the brush should be rinsed in solvent and then wash in warm water using soap or shampoo. Brush is recommended not to put in the box, and keep the Cup so they could dry. It is best to install in a container of solvent for cleaning brushes additional the bottom with holes. So the paint chips will settle on the bottom without interfering with the rinse of the brush, and the lifetime of the solvent can be substantially extended.
    7
    The painting process of the individual. Everyone uses their own techniques and tricks. Of course, drawing skills will be useful to anyone who decided to engage in oil painting. Usually before you start the main drawing canvas underpainting is applied. It outlines who write very dilute paint. They are practically invisible. Then begins drawing itself. Oil paint is applied in layers over time, more working through the details.
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    When the painting is finished and has dried, it is coated with lacquer. Usually waiting about a year to paint completely dry. Lacquer coating helps to protect the paint on the painting from shedding and interaction with air. So, the picture is stored much longer.

    Advice 3: How to learn to paint with oil paints

    Painting with oil paints is a great pleasure, and paintings in oil, create a sense of comfort and tranquility. The oil painting looks very noble and refined. In your apartment there is always a place where you can put your drawing.
    You will need
    • paint
    • brush
    • palette
    • easel,
    • canvas.
    Instruction
    1
    For painting, you must purchase the appropriate materials. Buy oil paint: whitewash in a big tube, and the rest in tubes of medium size. For beginners it is better to buy paint for the educational sketches. Gain experience, you go to art paints. Store paints in a wooden box.
    2
    Buy a full brush set – 3 brushes in each room. Drawing oil is used bristle brushes, made from cow's hair and synthetic.
    3
    The next thing you need is the palette. Soak it with oil and drain well, otherwise the palette will absorb oil from the paint.
    4
    Paint on the left edge at the top of the palette. Mid Express formulate. Each paint should always be in a certain place in the palette. White is usually placed at the right end.
    5
    You will also need thinners of oil paints: linseed oil, varnish Tammany, purified kerosene, turpentine turpentine.
    6
    Oil paint is usually written on primed canvas. The quality of the soil on the canvas depends on the safety of the picture. Better to buy a ready primed canvas.Beginners might want to tryto paint on primed cardboard. Primed cardboard independently. To do this, dissolve a package of store gelatin according to instructions, cool and several times cover the cardboard.
    7
    For pictures of small size in the first time you can use the stand for books, then use the easel. It is stable and durable.
    8
    Before you start drawing, decide how to portray the intended.
    9
    First on paper, follow the pattern, which will transfer to the canvas.
    10
    On the canvas, draw a thin line image. Complex plot work in sketches.
    11
    Do the underpainting – the first layer of painting. For podmalevka oil paint diluted with solvent. It is a thin layer that dries quickly. Then apply the next layer, adding details, refining the shape of the objects.
    12
    Each layer let to dry before apply the new.
    13
    In the final layers of oil paints added linseed oil. The paint layer of the painting is rich and sustainable.
    14
    The finished picture after drying oil paint and varnished.
    Note
    When finished, the palette should be cleaned and wipe dry with a cloth.

    Advice 4: How to draw oil pastel

    Oil pastel is very different from dry pastels. And use them together is not recommended. As the name implies, oil pastels, pigment it is associated with oil, and creates a dense and buttery texture. Of course, compared to soft pastels, the choice of colors is more limited, and gradations of light less. However, the color ranges of this material gradually increased.
    Instruction
    1
    The color layers can be created with crayons, oil pastels the same as soft pastels or pencils. However, because of their lubricity, there is a tendency of rapid clogging of the grain of the paper. So try to just work with oil pastels easy, not much pressing on the paper. It is best to use only the tip of the pastel sticks. And try to keep it closer to the end – you can't do much to her.
    2
    Wash in the usual way with oil pastels you will not succeed. But it can be cleaned. If you make a mistake or want to change part of a picture, take a rag, dip it in white spirit or turpentine, and gently wash color. Then wait until the paper is dry, and continue to apply the finishing touches.
    3
    Let's try to draw a small still life. Now, draw the outline of the orange and lemon (for example) yellow pastel. A paper in this case, it is better to use a bluish-gray, to provide contrast between the bright yellow and orange hues.
    4
    Causing diagonal lines in orange on both fruits, put yellow. Strokes let it remain open, so you can add color without clogging the paper. After the installation of the primary colors can introduce more contrast and to use the additional orange blue.
    5
    Stir the shadows on both main fruit color, to neutralize them. To gain additional contrast around the fruit add the gray color is slightly darker shade than used paper. Now you create a form, add the highlights and emphasize shadows.
    6
    To give the fruit of solidity and texture, experiment with color mixing. Add fruit and beneath them the orange color light touches of the chalk pastels. This is necessary in order to associate the fruit with the background. Well, a simple still life is ready.
    Is the advice useful?
    The technique of rubbing the pattern with your finger for the purpose of mixing colors in the case of oil pastel is not running. Keep this in mind. But the mixing effect can be achieved in another way: apply color on one another, pushing hard on the sticks of oil pastels.

    Advice 5: How to learn to draw oil painting

    Paintings oil — it's vibrant works that can decorate any room. They look much more impressive than the picture that is written, for example, a pencil. From the artist, they require not only difficulty, but also considerable resources. So if you are willing to spend, then feel free to start learning.
    Instruction
    1
    First, please be all the necessary materials: paints, canvas, glue, brushes, primer. Most will cost, of course, oil paint. Although the correct selection of cheaper items is not less important. Especially pay attention to the acquisition of the canvas. The material from which it is made, directly affects the outcome of your work. So try to buy a canvas of flax or hemp.
    2
    Don't start drawing immediately, follow the established order. Before that you have to glue bought the canvas to paint shining right through him, entering on the wrong side. To make such manipulation quite simple, use carpenter's glue. When the procedure is complete, remove the canvas in the most ventilated room for drying. By the way, worth checking out if you've done everything. This indicator will be the adhesive strength of the fold (it should not crack).
    3
    The next step is priming the canvas. Without this you will not be able to start drawing. Please note that the application of primer requires special attention and care. If you do this carelessly and casually, the material can not be distributed evenly and will ruin your picture.
    4
    Now move on to patterning. Take a brush and paint, begin to carefully and slowly apply the strokes. Don't be afraid of the fact that the canvas stains are formed (when using oil paints, it is in principle excluded, because they have enough thick consistency). After the creation of the painting give it time to dry.
    Is the advice useful?
    Don't forget that to successfully create a drawing you need a strong tension of the canvas. Therefore, pre-purchase, and a good subframe. If you do not use this tool, you can get in the end, only spoiled by the cracks pattern.

    Advice 6: How to paint with oil

    To paint with oil paints is not easy. For this you need to prepare the canvas, brushes, handy tools. Paint is applied with different strokes depending on the shape drawing objects and light and shade on them.
    You will need
    • Linen/ cotton canvas, cardboard, wood or other canvas with acrylic primer; brushes made of natural hog bristle for the main work and sable brushes for drawing details; sponge; rags, palette for mixing paints; solvent/linseed oil for diluting the paint and washing brushes; varnish for a protective coating for the finished work
    Instruction
    1
    Label on canvas for future drawing using simple shapes and contour lines. Use this diluted paint, charcoal, pencil.
    2
    Spherical and toroidal objects draw sickle and twisted brush strokes, confusedly — triangular strokes, cylindrical, parallel strokes. Flat surface print with parallel brush strokes.
    3
    For smooth color transitions, use the flat brush. In this case, the paint mix on the palette and apply to the proposed location of gradation. Move the brush forward-back-forward in a cross manner. In the final step of creating the color transition use parallel strokes. Work with a clean brush from a darker color to a medium tone, and then clean again with a brush from a lighter color to the middle color.
    4
    Poziruuschie transparent layers of oil paint, the shading pattern on the dried layer. To get them, use to dilute the paint a special liquid, and the mixture was applied with kolinsky brush in a horizontal position. If you want to change the color of the pattern in the glaze make the direction of the strokes in much the same way that there are on the primary layer.

    Translucent glazing layers also apply kolinsky brush in a horizontal position. The paint is dilute in the ratio damanskogo 1/3 varnish, 1/3 turps and 1/3 linseed oil.
    Note
    Pencil for outline drawing use with care, as its sharp tip can damage the primer of the canvas.
    Is the advice useful?
    Mix paint on the palette carefully and gradually. For more bright colors, use white color or glaze.

    Advice 7: How to paint with palette knife

    Palette knife – a tool that allows you to work with oil paints in new technology. In contrast to the brushes palette knife brings out on the canvas large paint strokes, making the painting more three-dimensional and expressive.
    Instruction
    1
    In the Arsenal of artists, there are two similar tools: a spatula and a palette knife. If the first mix oil on the palette, the second is applied or, conversely, scrape the paint from the canvas. You can distinguish them by the curved handle, which allows the artist to paint with a palette knife, without touching the hand to the canvas. Spatula is usually flat.
    2
    Prime the canvas and let it dry. If necessary, apply sketch future work slate pencil.
    3
    Write major portions of the oil painting with a brush. If you're writing a still life, try to paint the background using a palette knife, using the flat side.
    4
    Mix on the palette a large number of oil paint, so it can be applied to three-dimensional strokes, contrasting with the texture of the canvas. If you're doing a stylized style of the Impressionists, the use of pure bright color.
    5
    Take adequate amount of paint with the tip of a palette knife. Apply the paint onto the canvas and spread it over the surface, creating a background for a still life. Work with a palette knife like a trowel in the filler walls. Thus the creation of a background will be completed much faster than if you worked with a brush. However, in this technique, the spatula will not allow you to create play of colors: the background is plain and odnofanturnoy. To diversify its mix of shades of the main color of the background. To show the folds in the drapery or the play of colors and shadows, use the base color, adding light and dark hues diversify it in other vivid colors.
    6
    Step away from the painting and look at it from afar. This will allow you to understand where, from the point of view of composition, you need to apply additional color and to make the volumes of the drapery. To draw folds in the fabric with a knife you need sides. Apply a BLOB of paint on the canvas with the tip or edge of a palette knife and gently align it with the flat side of the tool. Create the effect of the bending of the fabric of not only color, but also projections when applying the paint.
    7
    Using a palette knife to create dimensional accents on the still-life objects. Apply paint with the tool tip, applying it with the flat side to the canvas. The edges of the blade will leave a textured, angular traces that the subject is subtle and expressive, slightly sharp.
    8
    To show the volume, for example, rose thorns, apply paint with the tip of a palette knife, lifting the blade up. The paint will like to reach for your hand, leaving a voluminous elongated tracks.
    9
    Play with the texture of other items. Apply paint quickly and vigorously moving hand. See how the spatula is listening to your traffic, some bizarre form leaves paint on canvas. If you have caused excess capacity, scrape the paint with the edge of a palette knife.
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