Usually, a full screening for cancers begins with a visit to a therapist, which provides an important baseline study that provides information for reflection the rest of the doctors of narrow specialization. These studies are in the history collection, including patient interviews about the nature of his complaint, history moved and familial disease. In addition, the therapist necessarily appoint conduct basic laboratory tests. The fact that any disease will manifest itself through these indicators. Thus, on the basis of the collected anamnesis and received studies, the doctor will direct the patient to a specific specialist.

In addition, inspection and palpation of the patient is also considered an important part of the diagnosis of such condition as a malignant tumor. In addition, currently developed sufficiently effective methods of screening diagnostics that can identify the most common types of cancer. Such studies include: mammography to determine breast cancer; test analysis on hidden blood in the stool that may indicate colon cancer; PAP smears to detect cancer of the uterus.

Common cancer diagnosis includes the following studies: a detailed analysis of blood for the presence of cancer, detection of tumor markers in the blood, the implementation of MRI and PET-CT, biopsy, conoscope, gastroscopy, fluoroscopy, radiography, CT scan, laparoscopic and radionuclide diagnostics. In addition, mandatory ultrasound, which gives a complete picture of the dynamics of development of the disease.

Symptoms indicating the need for urgent treatment to the doctor

Should immediately visit a doctor if you experience the following symptoms: increased weakness; systematic edema; fatigue; acquisition of icteric coloration of sclera of eyes and skin; vaginal, nasal, intestinal bleeding of unknown etiology; vomiting; diarrhoea; pain in the stomach or another region of the body; long-term cough and hemoptysis; increased growth of warts; weight loss; appearance of seals; the change in the figure of moles; a sharp increase in temperature, not connected with colds; unreasonable increase in the abdomen.

Medical therapy cancer

Generally, cancer treatment is based on surgical removal of tumor formation, conducting radiation - radiotherapy, the implementation of chemotherapy. In addition, the patient mandatory assigned immunostimulatory drugs and hormonal agents. Often radiation therapy is used to destroy microscopic cancer cells remaining in the tissue after the surgical intervention. This method of therapy is combined with other treatments and is quite effective in Oncology.

Chemotherapy is considered a key technique of drug treatment of cancer. Often, it is used for cancer, which gave metastases. The principle of this treatment lies in intravenous chemotherapeutic agents, affecting all cancer cells with metastasis. Hormone therapy is an integral component in the comprehensive treatment of cancer, aimed at suppressing production of estrogen and the pituitary hormone that stimulates the growth of cancer cells. The use of immunostimulatory drugs shows that patients with impaired reactivity.