You will need
- - samotyochnaya;
- - Breast ultrasound;
- - mammography;
- consultation with a mammologist.
Do a breast exam every month, preferably on the same day. Women who have not had menopause, should choose any of the seven days after menstruation. If menopause occurred, that is selected for survey.
Start with inspection of the skin of the chest, standing in front of a mirror. First, stand with hands down, then raise them. Pay attention to features such as: bulging or, conversely, retraction of the skin; change in the contours of the areola of the nipple, its retraction; the appearance of scabs on the skin around the nipples, peeling; changing the size and shape of one breast; nipple discharge.
Put your left hand in your right armpit. Then raise your right hand and start slowly to lower it. Try to find the axillary lymph nodes with the fingertips of his left hand. Repeat this same action on the left side.
Palpate region, located above and below the clavicles (there are supra-and infraclavicular lymph nodes). In them there is an outflow of lymph, originating from the mammary glands. When the cancer disease malignant cells together with the lymph into the lymph nodes, causing their enlargement.
To determine the presence of precipitates, gently pinch your fingers between the nipple areola.
Lie on your back. Under the right shoulder blade put a small pillow. Right arm lay behind his head. The palm of the left hand touch the right breast, seizing it with the fingers or palm, but only pressed against the skin of the breast. From the nipple move up and outward, then outward and downward. After examining the outer part, go to the internal: in the same way, from the nipple downwards and upwards.
Right hand pull to the side and again touch the breast approximately in the same order. Next, pull the arm along the trunk, repeat the examination. Proceed to the left breast.
At the age of 40 every two years to do a breast ultrasound. After 40 years, every year going through a mammogram. This method can diagnose tumors based on the contrast image of the ducts of the breast.
If you suffer from mastopathy, that is in your Breasts are benign neoplasms, pass the examination by a mammologist for every six months.