Aging for the last several dozen years receded considerably. Before menopause women have already come in 40-42, and 45 to 47 years, nearly all women completely lose their ability to conceive. So, a regular menstrual cycle in most women is saved up to 47-50 years, of which about 70% of cycles with ovulation. Today, women's reproductive health is much better, they longer retain fertility and childbirth. The climax comes in the 47-52 year, sometimes later.

During the extinction of ovarian function at menopause and for several years after the woman needed reliable contraception. The fact that even in post-menopausal stages it is possible to functioning of the ovaries and maturation of oocytes. The woman keeps her waste fertility, and forced to protect themselves. But the later comes the climax, the better the health of the woman, the more comfortable she feels.

The aim of contraception is to prevent abortion

If young women doctors, midwives allow abortion, including for medical reasons, in late reproductive age and in menopause abortion unacceptable. Several times increases the risk of complications, the complexity of the operation may be associated with the presence of fibroids, endometriosis and other extragenital pathologies. It is proved that the abortion in this period, dramatically increase the vulnerability of the target organ is the mammary glands, uterus and ovaries.

The probability of oncological diseases increases many times. Because in the case of unwanted pregnancy resort to expulsion of the fetus in the later stages, and it's not the most pleasant procedure. Diagnosis of pregnancy is extremely difficult - menstruation irregular or absent, early gestosis can be taken for symptoms of menopause.

Hormonal contraception

In the absence of contraindications hormonal contraception is considered the most effective method. It is possible to achieve the contraceptive effect, to arrest the symptoms of menopause and to protect women from osteoporosis. The beneficial effects eliminate vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex.

If a woman has taken oral contraceptives (OC) before the onset of menopause, she saved menstrualnopodobnoe selection. Needed a short cancel OK to evaluate the condition of the ovaries.

Intrauterine device and system

In the absence of contraindications, as well as women who had previously used this method of contraception, intrauterine devices are suitable optimally - Navy gives almost 100% protection against unwanted pregnancy. The presence of dysfunctional uterine bleeding, heavy menstruation, tumors and operations on the cervix are contraindications to the installation of the Navy.

Barrier methods of contraception

Special condoms and diaphragms or caps are highly effective. Condoms are recommended for women with an active sex life and not having a permanent partner, because they protect from pregnancy and infections. Sometimes barrier methods are the only possible protection for women with diseases of internal organs and the presence of tumors - they are OK, and the Navy.

How long you need protection

If menopause occurs before 50 years, contraception within two years from the date of the last menstrual period is considered sufficient. When onset of menopause after age 50 should be protected for at least a year from the date of the last menstrual period. With early climax need reliable contraception to the age of natural menopause.

Spermicides are not highly effective protection, but can be used as a Supplement, because it promotes hydration of the vaginal mucosa and reduce discomfort during sex. A women can be performed surgical sterilization, which completely eliminates the possibility of pregnancy.