Advice 1: What are the tests before the trip to the camp

A medical examination and making a medical card is essential when making a child to camp. You need to pass a number of specialists and to pass certain laboratory tests. There is a standardized list of doctors required to attend, and a list of laboratory tests.
What are the tests before the trip to the camp

The registration information for the camp


To enroll in camp, you must provide a document reflecting the physical health of the child. This document is a certificate of the form 079, which is issued by our pediatrician on-demand indication of infectious diseases, chronic diseases, vaccination and revaccinate.

For registration certificates, you must visit the following medical specialists: dermatologist, neurologist, dentist and pass laboratory tests: blood General clinical analysis (KLA), urine clinical analysis (OAM), feces for analysis of worm eggs and protozoa, fecal enterobiasis. If necessary, the pediatrician may decide to hold additional laboratory investigations and to issue directions to visit certain doctors. Depending on the specialization of the camp, possibly expanding the spectrum of studies and surveys. All directions issued by the pediatrician.

General blood test and urinalysis


Blood for General analysis surrenders morning fasting from a finger in a specialized laboratory at the children's medical care facility. Before testing it is necessary to exclude physical activity, emotional excitement, to be a bit to sit, relax and unwind. To pass urine on the General analysis should be purchased at the pharmacy container for biological material. In the morning, take a shower, collect the middle portion of newly issued urine in a sterile container, label it, indicating the surname, name, patronymic, date of birth, date of collection of biological material, be delivered to the laboratory in the shortest time. The day before the date of delivery of the analysis should not be consumed a large amount of fluid.

Examination of feces for worm eggs, protozoa and pinworms


Cal for research on helminth eggs and protozoa then you collect in a clean, dry container, after appropriate hygiene procedures. Capacity to sign, specifying the surname, name, patronymic, date of birth and date of collection of biological material, be delivered to the laboratory for analysis. Cal is going to different parts of the fecal mass. To conduct the fecal enterobiasis in advance of need to take laboratory special cotton swab in a sterile container. Cal is going with the folds around the anus early in the morning and delivered to the laboratory for analysis. The results of the fecal enterobiasis valid for 10 days.

Documents for registration of the medical certificate


When you visit doctors to receive lab tests in the clinic by place of residence you must have only the mandatory medical insurance policy. To undergo a medical examination at a health care facility, you need to take birth certificate of the child health card, identity document.

Advice 2: How to be tested for pinworms

To detect the wormnye infestations, including pinworms, the human body can be the study of analysis of feces in the clinical diagnostic laboratory. Under the microscope the physician assistant finds in the material taken from the patient, the eggs of the parasite. The most accurate and reliable serological method. It allows you to determine in the blood antibodies specific to various helminths.
How to be tested for pinworms
Instruction
1
Fence all samples from patients in a clinic or diagnostic center medical staff. Scraping on the detection of pinworms is used for the diagnosis of enterobiasis. To conduct laboratory studies on enterobiasis does the material of the outer imprint the perianal folds.
2
To diagnose need to take a scraping 3 times, the fence is done daily or every other day. Sometimes the doctor prescribes laxatives. For each patient we use the individual package for fence material, it includes a sterile laboratory glass slide and instruction manual containing the rules of the capture analysis. The procedure is performed immediately after waking, early in the morning, before defecation and washing. The fence is carried out using an adhesive, adhesive tape with a length of at least 5 cm.
3
After receiving the fingerprint, the adhesive tape is glued on a sterile glass slide, which is placed in a sterile package. On the label of the slide shows a number of studies, the name of the medical institution. Filled the form-direction with indication of surname, name and age of the patient's home address. The identification number must be registered in a special register of the clinic.
4
In a special container stacked glass slides with the material and directions given to the courier who delivers the material to conduct the study in the diagnostic centre or clinical diagnostic laboratory. The numbers shown on the slides should correspond to the numbers on the direction.
5
Slides material can be stored for 3 days, protected from light place at room temperature (+18 - +22?C). A physician assistant conducts a study of the delivered material under the binocular microscope. The results of the study, the patient is given a conclusion.

Advice 3: How to take a urine sample from a baby

Infants from the moment of birth fall under the supervision of doctors-pediatricians. In order for the examination of the body was complete, we systematically tested, including urine of the child.
How to take a urine sample from a baby
Instruction
1
To collect urine from an infant, pour water and blow on the bottom of the tummy. The baby immediately begin urination. Most importantly - keep a sterile jar and on time, substitute it under a stream. Girls sometimes do not fall into the container. Go to the trick. Take a bowl and douse it with boiling water. Repeat the procedure - sprinkle on the belly and blow. Put the dish under the child. So, at least part of the urine will be just inside.
2
For children six months and older use a special urinal. It is a sterile and hypoallergenic pouch, which can be purchased at any pharmacy. Wake the baby for five to ten minutes earlier than he usually wakes up. So you will have time to attach before the baby pee. Hold it in hand, to piss in a glass tank. When it's full, detach it from the genitals and pour the contents into the jar.
3
If the child is potty-trained before you can collect a urine sample, disinfect the container. Dilute in warm water with potassium permanganate and thoroughly wash the bottom wall. Rinse several times under running water. Then put baby on the potty. As soon as he peed, pour the liquid into a sterile jar.
Note
The jar for collection of urine boil for five minutes or buy a sterilized container in the pharmacy.

The container with the urine get to the clinic not later than three hours after collection.
Useful advice
Urine for analysis collect right after the baby woke up. Morning urine is accumulated in the body of the child throughout the night and became very concentrated. It is necessary that the results of the analysis were significant.

Well podmosti sex organs of the child before collecting urine using baby soap. Wipe clean with a dry towel. Especially carefully preparing for the tests girls. Vaginal discharge can seriously distort the results.

Advice 4: How to collect the feces on eggs of worms in a child

Children are curious and active, they constantly learn new, try not only to touch interesting objects, but pulling them into his mouth, licking and biting. Along with the dirt in the body gets the worms.
How to collect the feces on eggs of worms in a child
The analysis on eggs of worms for rent, if you need help in the children's garden development center, swimming pool. The pediatrician gives a direction for the examination of feces, with an annual routine physical examination of child before admission to a medical facility and indicated. Analysis allows you to test feces for the presence of ascariasis, hookworm and trichinosis. To check a feces on eggs of worms, you need to prepare a clean container, to collect her material and carry in the morning in the lab. Usually this should be done before 10 or 11 o'clock.

How to collect and store the material for the analysis on eggs of worms?



The analysis on eggs of worms going in the morning and immediately apply to the lab, but not always the baby poops in the morning. Cal you can prepare in the afternoon or evening, and the next day to drive to the clinic. If helminth eggs in the feces are present, they will not disappear. Material during the day is considered eligible for the study, the longer it can not be stored. In any case it is impossible to collect feces obtained with the help of an enema.

When the baby poops, take out of the pot a small portion of feces, approximately the size of a pea, a stick or a plastic spoon and put the material into a container for analysis. During the collection you should try to not pee. The jar should be stored in a cool place: on the balcony, windowsill or in the fridge, pre-wrapped container in a plastic bag. Before delivery to the laboratory should be removed. The results of the analysis will be ready the next day.

How to prepare a container for tests?



Some parents are mistaken, considering that for collecting analysis will only fit a sterile jar. It is, of course, can be purchased at the pharmacy, but it is not mandatory. For the collection of feces is necessary to prepare a small glass or plastic container and well wash it off. The laboratory does not accept material for analysis on helminth eggs in matchboxes and plastic bags.

A potty, a diaper or the toilet, which will be cal must be clean. Some moms thoroughly wash the pot and scald it with boiling water, but this procedure is not necessary.

To collect a feces on eggs of worms is easy. You need to prepare, and not a sterile container. To collect the material better in the morning on the day of delivery of the analysis or during the day and store in a cool place. Special preparation for the analysis is not required, but for reliability we need to observe the rules of collection and storage of material.
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