Advice 1: What are the documents of ownership flats

For carrying out any action with real estate, you must provide documents that confirm the right of possession to her. They need the sale, gift flats, in the case of registration of residence or temporary registration.
Documents for right of possession of the apartment
The documents on the right of tenure, so-called title, in different cases look different. The documents of the house is significantly different from the same package) or office space. And if you know the list of required papers in the possession of the warehouse or store ordinary man in the street often does not have the necessary information about how to look at the documents in the apartment, is obliged to know and understand each. Not having a clue about this, it's easy to fall for the bait swindlers, buy non-existent housing and lose the money forever.

What documents confirm the right of ownership of the apartment

The documents for the apartment may look different, depending on how it was received.

One of the main documents – the Treaty or the act, indicating the method of obtaining the apartment. In the case of registration of privatization of housing on the basis of ownership is a deed or contract of transfer of the city (village, village or other municipal entity) of the property in favor of private persons. If the apartment was purchased or exchanged for another, a contract of barter or of sale, which shall be signed by the notary. Giving, receiving an inheritance or life annuity, equity construction of the building, replacement of the demolished housing or the decision of the court as is confirmed by the documents of the state sample and certified by a lawyer entitled to it.

The second important document is the certificate on the property. It is issued in the public service Rossreestra or so-called BTI, is available only on the letterhead with the official symbols and lettering.

In the preparation of documents for sale, donation or inheritance of property will need a technical passport of an apartment or a house that looks like a detailed plan or drawing showing the number, location, dimensions and descriptions of residential and nonresidential buildings, scheme of communications and an indication of their species.

How to verify the authenticity of the documents in the apartment

When buying an apartment, you need to ensure the so-called purity of documents, that is, the estate should not be burdened with debts for taxes, documents must be genuine. Before signing the contract of sale, gift or exchange, the buyer has the right to request the registration authorities confirm their authenticity. During a visual check of documents it is necessary to pay attention to the date of registration of the certificates and documents, all signatures and their decoding and clear impressions of all the necessary stamps, they must be no corrections or erasures.

Advice 2: Looks like a document on the ownership of the apartment

The apartment can be owned by a person or an organization for the right to gratuitous use, rental or ownership. In the case of acquisition the property owner must register their right in the state authorities of the certificate is issued.
Looks like a document on the ownership of the apartment
Each certificate issued after the registration of the property is an official form on paper with graining like the banknotes, the state emblem, as well as protection in the form of a watermark. The arms can be replaced with another image, and color vary from dark green to pink. It depends on the region in which the document was issued, its appearance can also vary. In the upper part is always the inscription "Russian Federation", as well as the name of the authority responsible for the registration of the rights to the apartment – the Unified state register.
Further large, different from the rest of the text font must be written the word "Testimony," indicating his view, and the place where the issuing Department of registration service. The document may be written by hand, all its items regardless of the region of production of the same and are filled by a printing method. The first is the issue date of DD.MM.YYYY, immediately behind it are the grounds on which the property owner received her property: the contract of purchase and sale, donation, joint equity participation in the construction, acceptance of different acts.
Listed below are all the new owners of the apartment. Information about them needs to be painted fully: name, date of birth, identity document (passport) and its data (series, number, date and place of issue), registration address at place of residence. This information can be listed in one paragraph or a text paragraph by paragraph. The following line is the right kind. In this case, it should be in the property. Further specifies the object of real estate (apartment) and its location and the total area of the room.
Below is the cadastral number of the apartment is a numerical designation of its location. The first number is assigned according to the region, and the second area, the third locality, followed by a specific parcel number. If for some reason the cadastral evaluation has not been made, then the graph indicates the code number of the real estate. The last point is a registered encumbrances such as a mortgage. Next is a line – confirmation of the registration entry to the Unified state registry with date and number, and the first coincides with the date of issuance, and the second – the cadastral number. Document certified by the signature and official stamp.

Advice 3: What you need to check the documents when buying an apartment

Buying an apartment - a happy event for many people, but is very attentive to this process, especially its legal registration. After all, the ignorance of some of the parts can sometimes lead to sad events.
What you need to check the documents when buying an apartment
The apartment can be purchased at the secondary market, i.e. the owners of the property and the new house through a building company. In these cases, the documents which it is necessary to demand from the buyer, and will vary. Most often, operations are carried out through a real estate Agency you contract with them, and they are looking for a suitable option, provide the transaction and get the fee - either a fixed amount or a percentage of the value of the object. In this case, all the paperwork they decide, and also check the flat on the "purity" of the transaction. Despite the fact that they have their own lawyers, if possible, is to test everything yourself, because some points agents are missing either through ignorance or deliberately hiding some facts.
When buying an apartment in the mortgage with the encumbrance, i.e. when the Bank gives you money secured by the purchased object, all checks handled by the lawyers of the Bank. They are also stakeholders in this matter, as in the case of some of the nuances can lose your money.
If you buy an apartment without intermediaries, the entire responsibility lies on you. If possible, hire lawyers, who will check everything, because people who have never engaged in the documentation, I can't take everything into account.
Despite the fact that the process is better handled by professionals for themselves should know what documents it is necessary to demand from the seller. If a house is purchased in a new built house which is not rented, then you are Contracting with a construction company prior the contract. Every developer works in his scheme, some under contract equity participation, more is welcome from a legal point of view; others on bill contracts, etc. Before conclusion of this contract is to check documents such as construction permit; contract of ownership or long term lease of land on which to build a house; instruments of attraction of financial assets; a preliminary plan of the building. It should also view the constituent documents of the Builder, check it out via the tax authorities and read reviews about it - there are companies that have a bad reputation, because they are unable to complete the construction - collect money from customers, begin construction, and then Finance over, and the house can stand for a long time. Consider this paragraph in the contract that had been prescribed deadline and penalties in case of delay.
After signing the preliminary contract, you pay the Builder a down payment, in some cases the whole amount and wait for when the house will be completed and adopted by the state Commission. After that, you have your apartment and sign the act of acceptance transfer, if satisfied and upon detection of faults is necessary to specify that they have fixed a construction company. Next, you should obtain title documents at companies house. This can be done independently, and in some cases this deals with the developer for a fee. The certificate of ownership is the main proof that this apartment belongs to you.
If you purchase housing on the secondary market, it is necessary to pay attention to the documents of ownership, and the basis on which they are issued: the contract of sale, contract of donation, contract of heritage, etc. Should request an extract from the house register about all the previous occupants of this apartment - it is necessary to look at the time of the transaction there was not one spelled out. Please note that minor children; persons who are in places of deprivation of liberty, which were issued before the sale, can then claim the rights to this apartment. If the housing is owned by less than three years, the previous owners may in some cases cancel the transaction. Also to these documents, the technical documentation required - if replanning has been done, this must be agreed with BTI. Selling is carried out on the basis of the contract of sale that specifies the value of the object. Then you register your ownership of this housing.
Some sellers are asked to specify in the contract the amount of apartments less real to reduce tax deductions, however, in the case of contesting a transaction, you get back only those money that are spelled out in the contract.
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